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War Surgery and Medicine

Malaria Control

Malaria Control

New Caledonia was non-malarious, but the Solomon Islands were highly malarious and intensive malaria control was necessary to keep the troops fit and able to take their part in active operations. Benefiting to some extent from the experience of the United States troops, who early suffered heavy malaria casualties, the New Zealand medical services planned a comprehensive campaign and supervised its execution. A strong malaria control unit, including an engineer and two entomologists, was formed, and the Division was trained in anti-malaria measures.

The result was that only 120 cases of malaria occurred while the Division was in the Solomon Islands, and, including those cases who developed malaria in New Caledonia and New Zealand after page 733 the cessation of suppressive atebrin, fewer than 5 per cent of the troops who entered the malarious area actually developed malaria.