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First Lessons in Maori

§ 51. Passive Voice

§ 51. Passive Voice.

—The passive voice is formed generally by the addition of one of the following terminations to the active: -a, -ia, -hia, -kia, -mia, -ngia, -ria, -tia, -whia, -na, -nga, -ina, -hina, -kina, -rina, -whina, -hanga. Thus:—

poro forms poroa tiki forms tikina
ki forms kiia aroha forms arohaina
waru forms waruhia roko* forms rokohina or rokohanga
moto forms motokia
aru forms arumia tātā forms tātākina
rere forms rerengia whakaatu forms whakaaturia or whakaaturina
mau forms mauria
awhi forms awhitia.
whawhao forms whaowhia or whaowhina hapai forms hapainga
page 36

Of these terminations nga appears to be used only with verbs ending in ai, mia only with those ending in o or u, and ina only with those ending in a; but in all these cases other terminations also are used. For the rest it is questionable whether any rule can be formulated. Usage varies so much in different parts of the country that it appears to be a mere matter of custom, some regard being had to euphony. In a few cases the consonant of the termination represents the final consonant of the primitive root; but this fact is of no assistance to the beginner, and it will be advisable then, to learn the passive in each case with the active. Verbs which have the first syllable doubled in the active generally drop the repetition in the passive; thus pupuri becomes (not pupuritia, but) puritia. In a few of these cases the vowel is lengthened, as tāria from tatari.