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First Lessons in Maori

§ 76. Whose, for whom, etc

§ 76. Whose, for whom, etc.

—When the subject of the relative clause in English is a noun, preceded by the possessive form of the relative, use the possessive definitives tana (pl. ana), tona (pl. ona), or simply the definite article te. In other cases in which the relative in English is possessive, or when it is governed by any other preposition than those enumerated in § 73, use the personal pronouns of the third person with the requisite preposition; but when that preposition is na, or no, or ma, or mo, use the singular pronoun for all persons and numbers.

  • He tangata kua whati nei tona waewae, a man whose leg is broken.

  • Te wahine i kahakina ra te tamaiti, the woman whose child was carried off.

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  • Te iwi nona te whenua, the people whose the land is.

  • Te tangata i hoatu nei e ahau ki a ia te pukapuka, the man to whom I gave the book.