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Government in New Zealand

Control Of Industry And Assistance To Industry

Control Of Industry And Assistance To Industry

Primary Industry

  • Agriculture
  • Primary Products Marketing
  • Mines

The Department of Agriculture advises farmers on production methods and combats diseases, blights, and other pests. The Primary Products Marketing Department was set up in connection with the guaranteed prices scheme for dairy produce and has extended its functions rapidly. It now deals with internal as well as external marketing of primary commodities.

Secondary Industry and Commerce

  • Industries and Commerce

The Industries and Commerce Department deals also with tourist resorts and publicity. This apparently incongruous grouping of functions is to some extent justified by the convenience of combining overseas representation for trade purposes with overseas representation for tourist purposes. Until about three years ago, the development of page 167secondary industries was regulated mainly by tariffs, with the result that the Customs Department was far more important in relation to secondary industries than the Industries and Commerce Department. With the advent of a government wishing to control secondary development more directly, and with the adoption of a system of import rationing, the Industries and Commerce Department has become the principal regulating authority for secondary industry. The licensing of industries, provided for in the Industrial Efficiency Act of 1936, is carried out by a Bureau of Industry consisting of officials and representatives of industries. The bureau is concerned mainly, but not exclusively, with secondary industries.

Transport Industry

  • Transport

Systematic regulation of road transport began in 1931 mainly because road competition was adversely affecting the financial position of the railways and the tramways. Licensing has not, however, been merely negative and restrictive; in the last few years the work of the Transport Department has greatly improved the efficiency of road transport by promoting the amalgamation of small units.


  • Labour
  • Scientific and Industrial Research

The Labour Department can be regarded either as a social service or as a regulative service. Its principal function is the enforcement of industrial awards and the factory, shops, and offices laws.