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New Zealand Medical Services in Middle East and Italy




Proper conservancy in Egypt is of prime importance. Unless nightsoil, dirty water, are promptly cleared and thoroughly disposed of, one of Egypt's plagues, that of flies, will inevitably follow.


Conservancy services are carried out by a civilian contractor with native labour, and the standard of the work they render is in direct proportion to the standard desired by the unit concerned. Sanitary officers and their personnel will greatly assist in the satisfactory carrying out of the service by closely supervising the work, insisting upon punctual and regular clearing of receptacles, verifying that all refuse is properly buried (when this means of disposal is used), or properly burnt (when incinerators are provided).


The principal points of Conservancy Contract are given below for guidance:


Motor lorries carrying iron receptacles will clear latrines, urinals, cess pits, catchpits, sumps, slops, rubbish ashes, old tins, refuse bins.


Hours of clearing will be fixed by Sanitary Officers. Two clearings per day, morning and evening, are stipulated.

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The iron receptacles will have lids and they must be kept closed during movement. Dry rubbish in lorries must be kept covered by canvas covers during transport.


Until incinerators are constructed, trenches 2 metres deep will be dug and the day's refuse placed in them up to not nearer than ½ metre from the ground level. Covering sand will then be placed over them to 1/4 metre above ground level and sealed up with oiled sand under the responsibility of the Sanitary Officer. Old lorry sump oil is provided for the purpose of sealing the trenches. The trenching area has been sited 2 miles from camp.


When incinerators have been constructed (site ½ mile from camp) all refuse will be mixed with sawdust, tibben (chopped straw), etc., at the incinerators and burnt.


Transport receptacles and lorries will be cleaned and disinfected daily by the conservancy contractor's labourers, but latrine buckets, etc., will be kept clean by unit personnel.


Each lorry will be accompanied by 1 driver and 2 labourers plus 2 more labourers per lorry digging trenches and working incinerators.


Any complaints should be referred in writing to the Camp Adjutant.


Careful attention to the above points from the outset will help to create and maintain a satisfactory service upon which the health and comfort of all concerned depends.


Disinfectants, sump oil, fuel, etc., are obtainable.…