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New Zealand Medical Services in Middle East and Italy



In the matter of sanitation it was found that the first troops to occupy a town were, by reason of operational urgency, unable to give any time to the construction of sanitary installations. Succeeding formations of different nationalities occupying the area tended to do nothing on the principle that they themselves would be moving on within a short interval. However, partly due to active inspectorial work by 4 Field Hygiene Section, of which Major Knights1 was now OC, most New Zealand divisional units employed satisfactory measures for the disposal of excreta and refuse. Deep-trench latrines were established when civilian arrangements were unsatisfactory. Refuse was burnt and then buried.

1 Maj H. T. Knights, m.i.d.; Christchurch; born Auckland, 23 Jan 1908; medical missionary, Belgian Congo; medical officer 3 Gen Hosp Mar 1941–Jun 1943; OC 4 Fd Hyg Sec Jul 1943–Dec 1944.