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page 525



The following lists are not exhaustive but are intended to include all the basic documents which have been available to the author.

(a) United Kingdom

‘The Campaign in Crete’, compiled for the United Kingdom Cabinet Historical Section by Lt-Col E. E. Rich, as well as giving an account on which the present author has leaned heavily in the early stages of his own history, contains a bibliography with a very full list of war diaries and official documents. These have been consulted in the War Office archives for the present work where they were available and relevant. Except for the two exceptionally important reports by Maj-Gen Weston and Gp Capt Beamish, the following list consists of documents not given in Rich's bibliography because they were not available to him at the time he was writing:

‘The Higher Strategic Decisions of the War, 1939–1945′, Brig H. W. Wynter, United Kingdom Cabinet Office Historical Section.

F/Greece/1 and F/Crete/1, Cabinet Office Historical Section.

Crete’, typescript draft of book written by the late Christopher Buckley for the Cabinet Office Historical Section; with comments by General Lord Freyberg and the New Zealand War History staff.

‘Covering Operations in Crete’, Maj-Gen E. C. Weston's Report, June 1941; with comments by Brig. E. Puttick.

‘Report on Air Operations in Crete’, Gp Capt G. R. Beamish.

‘The Strategic Importance of Crete, 1940–41’, Enemy Documents Section, Cabinet Office Historical Section.

‘Developments in the Balkans, A Supplementary Note’, Enemy Documents Section, Cabinet Office Historical Section.

‘German Airborne and Parachutist Operations’, Air Ministry/USAF Intelligence Report No. 95, 7 January 1946.

‘Brief Notes on the German Army’, GSI GHQ MEF, December 1941.

‘Periodical Notes on the German Army, No. 38′, War Office, March 1942.

(b) New Zealand

‘The Campaign in Crete’, five volumes, the official New Zealand narrative by W. G. McClymont, compiled from the war diaries and reports of New Zealand units and formations, the British narrative, Australian sources, the German sources listed (excepting those from the German Military Documents Section, Washington), and most of the New Zealand sources listed below; with comments by the principal living participants.

Files of the Prime Minister's Department.

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General Freyberg's files.

Office records of HQ 2NZEF and HQ 2 NZ Division.

Headquarters New Zealand Division: ‘Report on Operations in Crete’, by Brig E. Puttick, 1 August 1941.

Creforce Report: ‘Outline of Events from 30 Apr to 31 May 41’.

‘Notes on the Air-borne Invasion of Crete’, by Capt R. M. Bell, 4 June 1941.

‘Report on NZ Engineers in Crete’, by Maj F. M. H. Hanson, 23 June 1941.

‘4 Brigade Report on Operations in Crete, 28 Apr–31 May 41’, by Maj G. P. Sanders, June 1941.

‘Operations of 10 Bde at Galatos, 20–25 May 41’, by Lt-Col H. K. Kippenberger, June 1941.

‘Report on Operations and Work at Suda Bay’, by Lt-Col G. J. McNaught, June 1941.

Narrative: ‘NZA on Crete’, by W. E. Murphy.

Narrative: ‘23 Battalion’, by Dr. Angus Ross.

Reports, personal accounts, letters, diaries, and interviews from numerous New Zealand officers and other ranks.

(d) German

‘12 Army's Campaign in the Balkans: A Strategic Survey’ (GMDS E.60/3).*

12 Army orders and reports (GMDS files).*

‘The Invasion of Crete’, 4 Air Fleet Report, 28 November 1941.

‘Operation Crete’ (and appendices), 11 Air Corps Battle Report, 11 June 1941.

War diaries and reports of 5 and 6 Mountain Divisions, reports of 85, 100, and 141 Mountain Regiments, 2 Parachute Regiment, and Wittmann Group (GMDS files).* No war diaries of 7 Air Division or the Assault Regiment are available.

Notes on German Air Force officers (compiled from biographical files of GMDS).*

Extracts from German newspapers (GMDS 12533/4).*

Interviews with Capt Karl Neuhoff, August 1945, after his capture in Northern Italy, and with Sgt-Maj F. Teichmann, Italy, December 1945.

(Those sources marked with an asterisk have been translated by Mr. W. D. Dawson of the New Zealand War History Branch, while attached to the German Military Documents Section, Washington.)

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(a) Despatches

Operations in the Western Desert from December 7th, 1940, to February 7th, 1941, General Wavell's Despatch, (Supplement to The London Gazette, 25 June 1946).

Operations in the Middle East from 7th February, 1941, to 15th July, 1941, General Wavell's Despatch, (Supplement to The London Gazette, 3 July 1946).

Air Operations in the Middle East from January 1st. 1941, to May 3rd, 1941, Air Chief Marshal Longmore's Despatch, (Supplement to The London Gazette, 19 September 1946).

Air Operations in Greece, 1940–1941, Air Vice-Marshal J. H. D'Albiac's Despatch, (Supplement to The London Gazette, 9 January 1947).

Transportation of the Army to Greece and Evacuation of the Army from Greece, 1941, Admiral Cunningham's Despatch, (Supplement to The London Gazette, 19 May 1948).

The Battle of Crete, Admiral Cunningham's Despatch, (Supplement to The London Gazette, 24 May 1948).

(b) Books

The following list is not exhaustive. The order is roughly chronological in order of appearance:

Gebirgsjäger in Griechenland und auf Kreta, HQ 18 German Alpine Corps ( Berlin, 1941).

The Campaign in Greece and Crete ( HMSO, London, 1942).

Von Serbien bis Kreta, by a publicity company of the German Army ( Aspioti-Elka, Athens, 1942).

Gebirgsjäger auf Kreta, Major Flecker ( Wilhelm Limpert-Verlag, Berlin, 1942).

Kreta, Sieg der Kühnsten, published by General Student (Steirische Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 1942).

Kiwi Saga, Martyn Uren ( Collins, Auckland, 1943).

Battle for Crete, The New Zealand Division in Action ( Army Board, Wellington, 1943).

Air-borne Invasion, John Hetherington ( Oswald-Sealy, Auckland, 1944).

With Pennants Flying, David Masters ( Eyre and Spottiswoode, London, 1943).

Middle East1940–1942, A Study in Air Power, Philip Guedalla ( Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1944).

African Trilogy, Alan Moorehead ( Hamish Hamilton, London, 1944).

‘Parachute Engineers in the Battle of Crete’, an article in Wie Wir Kämpfen, the German Air Force Handbook, 1944.

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Climax in Crete, Theodore Stephanides ( Faber and Faber, London, 1946).

The German Attack on Greece, General Alexander Papagos ( Greek Office of Information, London, 1946).

Operation Victory, Major-General Sir Francis de Guingand ( Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1947).

Lord Wavell, Major-General R. J. Collins ( Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1948).

Winged Dagger, Roy Farran ( Collins, London, 1948).

Infantry Brigadier, Major-General Sir Howard Kippenberger ( Oxford University Press, London, 1949).

The Second World War, Vol. III, Winston Churchill ( Cassell, London, 1950).

New Zealand Chaplains in the Second World War ( War History Branch, Wellington, 1950).

A Sailor's Odyssey, Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Cunningham ( Hutchinson, London, 1951).

Dare to be Free, W. B. Thomas ( Wingate, London, 1951).

Documents, Vols. I and II, ( War History Branch, Wellington, 1949 and 1951).

(c) Legal Documents

Proceedings at the Trial of Kurt Student, Files of Evidence, War Office, London.

Trial and Law Report Series, No. 33: 5. Trial of Kurt Student, Legal Secretariat of United Nations, War Crimes Commission, 1 May 1947.

Precise references for unpublished sources can be obtained on application to War History Branch, Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington, New Zealand.