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Documents Relating to New Zealand's Participation in the Second World War 1939–45: Volume II

457 — General Freyberg to the acting Prime Minister — [Extract]

General Freyberg to the acting Prime Minister

3 July 1945

The present position in Trieste and in Venezia Giulia generally has improved. After many conferences the Yugoslav forces have moved out of the immediate area Trieste-Gorizia. Thus the original line of communication is ensured for the Allied forces occupying Austria. It seems therefore that from the military point of view the situation now is satisfactory.

The actual move back from Trieste of the Yugoslav Army was carried out on 12 June, and on 24 June the Partisans were disbanded and their arms collected without incident.

I am certain that the part played by the New Zealand Division in this last difficult stage of operations here has had a far-reaching effect upon the Allied scheme for the occupation of Austria. I consider that we could now be relieved from our present operational role whenever our move is necessary. It is doubtful, however, if we will be relieved until the policy of the New Zealand Government as to future employment is finally announced….1

Everyone is in great form and everything goes well.

1 Details concerning the return of long-service personnel to New Zealand and the disposal of equipment have been omitted. See Volume III, Proposals for Participation in Operations against Japan for policy as to future employment of the 2nd NZEF.