The New Zealand Medical Service in the Great War 1914-1918
I. Medical Schools of Instruction. New Zealand Division January, 1917.
Corps Medical Officers' Training School, Estaires.
The following is a list of lectures and demonstrations included in the curriculum—
Organisation and Administration.
|1.||Rank in the Army distinguishing Badges. Customs of the Service.|
|2||Routine Correspondence. Returns and Reports.|
|3||Military Books and Manuals and their uses.|
|4||The Composition of a Division.|
|5||Duties of the General Staff branch of a Division.|
|6||Duties of "A" and "Q" Branch.|
|7||Medical Arrangements of a Division.|
|10||Discipline, Military Law.|
|11||The Ordnance Department.|
|12||Administration of a Section of Field Ambulance.|
|1||Military Map Reading and use of the Compass.|
|2||Construction of Dug-outs and splinter proofs.|
|3||Gas Defence and Box Respirator Drill.|
|4||Inter-communication, the Signal Service.|
|5||Duties of an R.M.O. during active operations.|
|6||Evacuation of wounded by Field Ambulances.|
|7||Horse management and common ailments of the horse.|
|9||Care of Motors and Motor Transport.|
|1||Duties of an R.M.O. i/c. of a Unit.|
|2||Hygiene of the March.|
|3||Sources of Water Supply, the use of the Water Cart. Water Testing.|
|4||Sanitation of Billets. Rations and cooking. Rest.|
|5||Lecture and Demonstration. Field Sanitation.|
|6||Demonstration of Sanitary appliances and water purification on large scale by Water Filtration Barges.|
|7||Biology of the Louse. Louse infestation.|
|8||Organisation of Divisional Baths and Laundries.|
Medical and Surgical Subjects.
|1||Treatment of Wounded in Field Ambulances.|
|2||Treatment of Wounded in C.C.S.|
|3||After Treatment of wounded in Stationary and Base Hospitals.|
|4||Treatment of gassed cases at C C S.|
|5||Trench Foot etiology and treatment.|
|6||P.U.O. and Trench Fever.|
|8||Shell Shock Neurasthenia and Malingering.|
II. Examination Paper. Set at II Anzac Corps Medical Officers School, 4th Course, 1916/1917.
|1||Give the various methods of purifying water for drinking purposes. Explain the process that takes place in the water cart.|
|2.||What are the powers of a Commanding Officer in dealing with an N.C.O.? If the case should be remanded for a Field General Court Martial state what steps are necessary for you to take,—
|3.||Describe briefly what use can be made of the following books,—
|4.||As Transport Officer to your Unit, what are the chief points you would attend to,—
|5.||As Medical Officer to a Regiment,—
|6.||State briefly what recommendations you would make to your O.C. to prevent the occurrence of Trench Foot amongst the men of your Unit.|
|7.||Your battalion is going to attack. What arrangements would you think advisable to make,—
|8.||The medical organisation of an Army is divided into three Zones. What are they and what nature of medical units are there in each?|
|9.||Explain briefly the organisation of the Staff of a Division and mention some of the duties performed by the various branches of the Staff.|
|10.||Describe how a Division in the Field is fed, and how the supplies reach your unit.|
|11.||As Medical Officer to a Regiment, mention briefly the main points regarding Hygiene of the March.|
|12.||What method would you take to make your Aid Post gas-proof. On the gas alarm being sounded, what action would you take during and after the gas attack?|
|13.||Describe briefly how you would indicate the position of your Aid Post on a squared map.|
|14||State your opinion of the Syllabus of Training, and mention any suggestions as to its improvement.|
III. N.Z. Divisional Sanitary School.
This course was five days and was intended originally to be a Corps affair but the D.D.M.S. decided to leave it to Divisions to carry out. Two pupils from each Regimental Sanitary detachment attended. Billets and rations were provided by No. 1 N.Z. Field Ambulance.
The Syllabus of instruction given was founded on F.S.R. part H. Chapter XI. "Duties of Sanitary Personnel." In addition there were | lectures dealing with the causation of disease founded on the R.A.M.C. Training Manual, Chapter V. The demonstrations were of a practical nature. Most of the day was spent in the open, lectures being taken in the late afternoon.
The following is a typical syllabus:—
Syllabus of Instruction Corps School of Field Sanitation for N. C. O.'s and Men.
1st. Day 29th January, 1917.
8.0 a.m. Class assembles at No. 1 N.Z. Field Ambulance. Preparation of Billet and instruction in making straw mats.
12 noon Dinner.
3.0 p.m. Initial Lecture:—
(a) Duties of a Regimental Sanitary Detachment. Sanitary I responsibilities of O.C. and R.M.O. (b) Explanation of the aims and objects of sanitation. (c) Outline of course of training.
3.45 p.m. Break.
4.0 p.m. Lecture.
The Causes of Infectious Disease.
2nd Day. 30th January, 1917.
7.30 a.m. Breakfast.
8.0 a.m. Parade and Inspection.
9.0 a.m. Lecture: Construction of various types of incinerators.
10.0 a.m. Practical demonstration of incineration of faeces by N.Z.
Sanitary Section at Bac-St-Maur and Sailly.
12 noon Dinner.
1.0 p.m. Construction of Incinerators.
3.30 p.m. Lecture. Life History of the Fly.
4.15 p.m. Break.
4.30 p.m. Latrines and anti-fly measures. Diseases due to fly-born infections.
3rd Day. 31st January, 1917.
7.30 a.m. Carry on.
9.0 a.m. Lecture: Disposal of Waste products. Soil Contamination. Ablution benches.
10.0 a.m Practical demonstration of Field Cooker and improvised ovens. Construction of Sanitary appliances and food receptacles. ClasB will be divided up into 2 sections and time occupied as indicated above till 3.30 p.m.
3.45 p.m. Lecture Construction and sanitation of cook-house.
4.30 p.m. Repetition.page 547
4th Day. 1st February, 1917.
9.0 a m. Visit to D.R.S. and M. O.'s T.S.
2.0 pan. Inspection of Billets in the Divisional Ares. Visit to Field.
3.30 p.m. Lecture:
(a) Sanitation of Billets. (b) Sanitation on the March, (c) Disinfection of Billets and dag-oats.
4.15p.m. Lecture: Drainage.
5th Day. 2nd February, 1917.
9.0 am. Few words on good and bad meat. Disposal of offal. Dead animals.
9.30 a.m. Inspection of slaughtering places.
10 30 a.m. Lecture: Sanitation of Horse Lines.
11.0 a m. Suggestions from the class.