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A Dictionary of Mangareva (Or Gambier Islands)



  • Ra (), an interrogative and reflexive particle. Ko koe ra? Is that you? Ko au ra ku oro, But as for me, I ran. 2. A preposition of place: by, through, from. Ex.: Ra raro, ra ruga, ra tai, &c. 3. A demonstrative pronoun: Te ra; e ra. That; those.

  • Ra (), the sun. Cf. rakaiga, rara, raroa. 2. A day. Cf. raharaha, ratutututu. 3. A sail.

    Akara (aka-ra), to appear suddenly and unexpectedly; to surprise by arriving suddenly. Plural, akarara (aka-rara). Cf. akarapu, akaratai.

  • Raanaana, a fierce sun; great solar heat. Cf. anaana.

  • Rae. See akarae.

  • Raemata, the face, the countenance. Cf.mata, akarae, korae, tukerae. Raemata marumaru, a bewitching countenance.

  • Raga (ràga), to swim or float on the surface of the water; to skim along the water. 2. To be travelled across by the rain. 3. Easy to understand. 4. To become good. 5. To heap up on a low base or foundation. Ragaraga page 80 (ràgaràga), plural of the action; raraga (raràga), plural of the subject.

    Akaraga (aka-ràga), to water; to moisten. 2. To add water to the paste (popoi). 3. To cause to swim on the surface; to make to float. 4. To float; to swim on the surface.

    Akaragaraga (aka-ràgaràga), plural of the action; akararaga (aka-raràga), plural of the subject.

    Ragaraga (ragaràga), to be quite watery. Cf. ragaua. 2. To have the belly inflated or distended.

    Raraga (raràga), to weave, to plait; to make mats. Plural, rararaga (rararàga).

  • Ragai (ragài), to approach, to advance towards one another. Ragaigai (ragàigài), plural of the action; raragai (raragài), plural of the subject.

  • Ragaruga, easy to understand; simple. 2. Of small importance. 3. Of little courage.

  • Ragatira, a master; a chief; a lord. Cf. tira, tirataku. 2. A tenant or cultivator under a great chief.

  • Ragaua (ràga-ùa), to be perfectly saturated with the rain. Cf. raga and ua. Ragaragaua (ràgaràgaua), plural of the action; raragaua (raragaùa), plural of the subject. 2. The carrying of a corpse with its head and breast exposed.

  • Ragi (ràgi), the sky, the heavens. 2. Weather; the appearance of the atmosphere. Cf. ragiua, veroragi, ragipaoa, tumuragi.

    Ragiragi (ràgiràgi), to be covered with clouds: said of the sky.

    Akaragiragi (aka-ràgiràgi), to be overcast, to be covered with clouds; a dull overcast sky.

  • Ragia (ragìa), precious; beautiful; dear, beloved. 2. Unspoiled by accident.

    Ragiragia (ràgìràgìà), an appearance of sickness and weakness in a person's complexion or attitude.

    Akaragia (aka-ragia), precious; valued; dear.

  • Ragikorouri (ràgi-koròuri), a fine sky; good weather; cloudless. Cf. ragi and korouri.

  • Ragimanega (ràgi-manega), an azure sky.

  • Ragimatoru (ràgi-matoru), thick weather; a cloudy overcast sky. Cf. ragi and matoru.

  • Ragina (ragìna), sacrilege; breaking the law of prohibition or tapu. To commit sacrilege; to profane; to defile. Raragina (raragìna), plural of the subject.

  • Ragipaepaevaru, a tempest; a time of storm and gale.

  • Ragipaku, cloudy weather. Cf. ragi and paku.

  • Ragipaoa (ragi-paoà), very dry weather; drought.

  • Ragiragi. See under ragi.

  • Ragiragia. See under ragia.

  • Ragirahirahi (ragi-ràhiràhi), a sky covered with light floating clouds; clouds containing little moisture.

  • Ragitu (ragìtu), to throw down all the coconuts. Ragiragitu (ràgiràgitu), plural of the action; raragitu, plural of the subject.

  • Ragiua (ràgi-ùa), rainy weather. Cf. ragi and ua.

  • Rago (ràgo), a beam of floor or ceiling; a crossbeam; a pole laid across.

    Ragorago (ràgoràgo), a cross-piece laid on the rafters of a roof.

    Akarago (aka-ràgo), to lay or dispose the leaves or material with which to envelope a bundle or package. 2. To catch or receive anything thrown down from a higher position. Plural, akaragorago (àka-ragoràgo).

  • Raharaha (ràharàha), to see an object clearly and distinctly. Cf. ra.

  • Rahati (rahàti), a branch broken off by the weight of its fruit. Cf. hati.

  • Rahi (ràhi), the name of a fish.

  • Rahirahi (ràhiràhi), the name of a fish.

  • Rahirahi (ràhiràhi), fine; slender; supple. Cf. ragirahirahi.

    Rahirahiga (ràhiràhiga), the temples of the forehead.

  • Raho (ràho), an assembly; a congregation of the people.

  • Rahu (ràhu), devoured by insects: said of leguminous plants.

  • Rahui (rahùi), to keep off, to defend; to prohibit, to forbid. Cf. tarahui. Rahuihui (rahùihùi), plural of the action; rarahui (rarahùi), plural of the subject.

    Rahuiraga (rahuiràga), the action of rahui.

  • Rai (rài), to walk; to promenade. To wander. Rairai (ràirài), plural of the action; rarai (rarai), plural of the subject.

  • Rai, small, little.

    Akarairai (aka-ràirài), to make small; to fine down. 2. To flatten.

  • Raka, soiled, profaned, defiled. To profane; to treat sacred things with irreverence. Tapu rakahia, a tapu profaned.

  • Rakahi (rakàhi), profaned, polluted: said of holy things. Cf. raka. Rakarakahi (ràka-ràkàhi), plural of the action; rarakahi (rarakàhi), plural of the subject. Cf. turakaga.

  • Rakaiga (ràkaìga), an eclipse of the sun. Cf. ra and kai.

  • Rakau (rakàu), wood; timber; a tree; trees in general. 2. Medicine; a remedy. To give medicine; to prescribe. 3. An object. Ex.: E tini rakau no koe, That is a curious thing you have there.

    Akarakau (aka-rakàu), a root. 2. A man made stiff by some malady; rigid.

  • Rakaukikiria, inaccessible.

  • Rakaumaki (rakàu-maki), a salve, ointment an outward application. Cf. rakau and maki.

  • Rakaumate (rakàu-mate), a medicine to be taken inwardly.

  • Rakei (rakèi), to ornament, to adorn. An ornament; a garland, chaplet, decoration.

  • Rakeihega (rakèihèga), the name of a fish.

  • Rakerakega (ràkeràkega), a place where the land slopes rapidly towards the sea.

    page 81
  • Rako (ràko), the name of the tumei, having a ribbon bark. 2. Of different tints; spotted, speckled, mottled. Cf. rakoa. 3. With a white face and a black tail 4. To bleach cloth or stuff in the sun.

    Rarako (raràko), to move from place to place or shift one's position constantly.

  • Rakoa (rakòa), the name of a spotted fish. Cf. rako.

  • Rakotoaua (ràkotoàùa), a space of time, from about noon till 4 o'clock in the afternoon.

  • Rakuraku (ràkuràku), to scratch one's self, to scrape. Plural, raraku (raràku).

    Raraku (raràku), to scratch one's self in token of disapproval or of negation.

  • Rama (ràma), the nuts of the native walnut. 2. To give light; to lighten. 3. To go fishing with torches. 4. A dance executed by women. See tohutohu.

    Ramarama (ramaràma), to often visit.

    Rarama (raràma), to go to see; to visit.

    Raramaga (raramàga), to visit again; to visit anew.

    Ramaga (ramàga), to visit a person at his home for the first time.

  • Ramapiko, the name of the mountain road from Vaituatae to Apeakava.

  • Ramarama. See under rama.

  • Ramatoga, a nut easy to open without breaking the shell.

  • Ramea, a crime, a fault. Ku ramea koe, You have committed a crime.

  • Ra-motire, Sunday (Mod.).

  • Ramu (ràmu), the name of a fish.

    Ramuramu (ràmuràmu), small fish of the ramu kind.

  • Ranu (rànu), mud, sediment. 2. Scum, froth. Cf. ranutai. 3. Saliva, spittle. 4. Bubbles of water filled with air, denoting that the sea is rising.

    Ranuranu (rànurànu), plural of ranu.

  • Ranura (rànùra), the first or last rays of the sun as it rises or sets. Cf. ra, ura.

  • Ranutai (rànutài), sea-scum; froth of the sea; sea-foam. Cf. ranu and tai.

  • Rapa (ràpa), greasy, fatty.

    Raparapa (ràparàpa), of a flat shape. Cf. raparapahoe. 2. Green.

    Rarapa (raràpa), land well looked after, without grass or weeds.

  • Rapahou (ràpahou), to be brought to bed (with child) for the first time. Cf. hou and akarari.

  • Rapakau (rapakàu), deception; deceit; imposition. 2. Hurtful; noxious.

    Rapakau (ràpakàu), to deceive; to cheat; to do hurt to; to harm. Raparapakau (ràparàpakau), plural of the action; rarapakau (raràpakàu), plural of the subject.

  • Raparapa. See under rapa.

  • Raparapahoe (ràparàpahoe), the flat of a paddle. Cf. rapa and hoe.

  • Raparapakouerei (ràparàpa-kouerèi), a coconut palm. Cf. kouerei.

  • Rapoi (rapòi), to dress a piece of wood only on one side. Rapoipoi (rapòipòi), plural of the action; rarapoi (ràrapòi), plural of the subject.

  • Rapu (ràpu), to knead. 2. To bray in a mortar. 3. To dilute. 4. Burnt, or broken by the wind. 5. To kill; to beat many times. Raparapu (ràparàpu), plural of the action; rarapu (raràpu), plural of the subject.

    Rarapu (raràpu), to swim on the back.

    Akarapurapu (aka-ràpuràpu), to adorn one's self in a luxurious manner. 2. To marry within the forbidden degree. 3. To injure, to spoil. 4. To be inconstant, wavering, unfixed.

  • Rara, an unfrequented place; lonely. Cf. raraikoroa. 2. See under ràra.

  • Rara (ràra), a branch of a tree. Cf. raramei, rararakau. Rarakore, a metaphor, used to signify without sickness, without fault, without sin. Cf. kore. 2. To pass wood through the fire to straighten it when warped; to pass leaves through a fire to soften them; to put linen or stuff by the fire to dry. Cf. ra. 3. To hurl a lance without hitting the object aimed at, to throw crookedly. Rararara (ràraràra), plural of the action; rarara (raràra), plural of the subject.

    Rara, to leave by the fire. 2. To show to the fire: that is, to cook in haste.

    Akarararara. See in place under aka.

  • Raraga. See under raga.

  • Raragina. See under ragina.

  • Raraikoroa, to withdraw to some lonely place; to dwell solitary. Cf. rara.

  • Rarako. See under rako.

  • Rarakore. See under rara.

  • Raraku. See under raku.

  • Rarama. See under rama.

  • Raramaga. See under rama.

  • Raramei, a dry branch of the bread-fruit tree. Cf. rara and mei.

  • Rarapa. See under rapa.

  • Rarapu. See under rapu.

  • Rarapumago (raràpu-màgo), to swim on the back of a shark. Cf. rapu and mago.

  • Rararakau, a branch. Cf. rara and rakau.

  • Rarara. See under rara.

  • Rarave. See under rave.

  • Rare (ràre), to change one word for another in speaking. 2. To speak with difficulty, without being easily understood.

    Rarega (rarèga), a remainder, as of food, garments, &c.; a reserve supply.

    Rarerare (ràreràre), to speak with great difficulty, with words wrongly pronounced through some impediment in the speech.

    Akararerare (aka-ràreràre), to lie; to deceive by words.

    page 82
  • Rari (ràri), food (maa) spoilt by the sun, or through not having been covered up. Cf. urari, ururari. 2. Moist; humid; muddy.

    Rarirari (ràriràri), wet; moist; soft; dirty; muddy. Mud; dregs. Cf. torari.

    Akarari (aka-ràri), to have no pungency; flat, insipid. 2. To make the first sketch of a design; to make the first outline of a carving; to rough-hew. 3. The first child bed of a woman. Cf. rapahou.

    Akararirari (aka-ràriràri), to soften, to moisten; to make muddy; full of mud.

  • Raro (ràro), under; beneath; the part lying under. Cf. moraro, tararo, tukukiraro.

    Akararo (aka-ràro), to bend down to look. 2. Leaning towards one side. 3. To pass under. Akararoraro (aka-ràroràro), plural of the action; akarararo (aka-raràro), plural of the subject.

  • Raroa (raròa), a place where the sun shines both in the morning and evening. Cf. ra and roa.

  • Raru (ràru), to be cooked. 2. Ended, finished: said of a piece of work. 3. Full: said of a food-pit. Raruraru (ràruràru), plural of the action; rararu (raràru), plural of the subject.

    Raruga (rarùga), the action of raru.

  • Rarua (rarùa), to look behind one. Plural, rararua (rararùa).

  • Rata (ràta), to frequent, to resort to; to keep company with. 2. To welcome.

    Akarata (aka-ràta), to speak as if inspired. 2. To counterfeit; to copy; to mimic, to ape. 3. To imitate or give forth the words of a god. 4. A prophet; a sorcerer; an oracle; a man possessed with a dæmon. Manava rata, a heart given to luxury.

  • Rataratakina (ràtaràtakìna), a clap of thunder. 2. To crack with the teeth. 3. To crackle in the fire; to snap, as reeds when burning.

  • Ratongatai (ratòngatài), to be equal; on an equality: said always of more than two persons. See tai and raugatai. Cf. matatai.

  • Ratutututu (ràtùtutùtu), a burning sun, a stinging glare, the herald of rain. Cf. tutututu and ra.

  • Rau (ràu), a hundred. E tahi amea a rai rau, There are not quite a hundred. 2. A leaf. Cf. rauheihei. 3. A garland of coco-nut leaves used in fishing. See aturau. Plural, raurau (ràuràu.)

    Rauga (raùga.) Said of a man to whom an object belongs, in distinction to one who does not possess it. 2. A man of prudence and discretion. 3. There is; there are.

    Akarau (aka-ràu), to fatten a person in retirement, to keep one in the house without doing anything. 2. To fatten or cram animals.

    Akararau (aka-raràu), to fish a man or an object of any kind out of the water. 2. To clean the teeth or gums with the tongue. 3. To push a finger down the throat to remove an obstruction therein.

  • Raua (raùa), they two; those two.

  • Rauerei, the name of a plant.

  • Rauga. See under rau.

  • Raugakore (raùgakòre), a man who by comparison with another has not that which the other has. 2. A man without prudence or propriety; a man who has no deportment or good manners; uncultured. Raraugakore, plural of the subject. 3. “There is nothing there.” Cf. rauga and kore.

    Akaraugakore (aka-raùgakòre), a vagabond; a spy; a scoundrel. 2. Brainless; foolish.

  • Raugatai (raùga-tai), to be equal; to be alike: said of two persons. Cf. ratogatai.

  • Raugoa (raugòa), the dry branches of a shrub.

  • Rauheihei (rauhèihèi), leaves of the great fern. Cf. rau.

  • Raui, to defend; to keep off; a defence.

  • Raukataha, the name of a plant.

  • Raupapa, rubbish, fragments, as of a broken wall, &c.

  • Raurau, plural of rau, a leaf, a garland. See under rau.

  • Raurau, the name of the fish matarau when small.

  • Raurja (raùrùa), fine native cloth of papyrus.

  • Rauta (ra-uta), to go by the high road, the land road. Cf. uta.

    Akarauta (aka-rauta), to cause to go by the inland roads.

  • Rautea (ràutèa), the name of a kind of bindweed.

  • Ravatai, to find a thing.

  • Ravati (ravàti), to prohibit for some days the using of such and such things as food. Ravativati (ravàtivàti), plural of the action; raravati (raravàti), plural of the subject.

  • Ravatua (ravatùa), the flesh of the middle part of the body of a fish. 2. The shelving ridge of a road. 3. Poles placed in a thatch-roof and attached to a cross-pole to keep the roof secure.

    Ravaravatua (ravaravatùa), lands on high elevations, on shelving ridges.

    Akaravatua (aka-ravatùa), to make a ridge or lump: said of the set of a garment.

  • Rave (ràve), to take; to acquire possession. Cf. raveika. 2. To pierce, to bite: said of good tools.

    Rarave, difficult; presenting obstacles; hard to get.

    Akarave, the stone which serves as anchor or weight to a net.

    Akararave (aka-raràve), to be difficult of execution. 2. To be difficult to pronounce. 3. Hard to retain. 4. To embarrass; to present obstacles; obstructions.

    Raveraga (ràveràga), the action of rave.

    Ravehaga (ràvehàga), to be a worker; addicted to labour. Plural, raravehaga.

  • Raveika (ràveika), a fisherman; to fish. Raraveika (raràveika), plural of the subject. Cf. rave and ika.

  • Reaga (reàga), the repetition of an action.

    page 83
  • Rearea (rèarèa), the extremities of the toes and fingers.

  • Ree, the name of a fish. (Also rehe.)

  • Rega (règa), a bulbous plant resembling a carrot. 2. Turmeric (Erega.) Cf. tamarega, vairega.

    Regarega (règarèga), yellow, yellowish. Cf. kura-regarega. 2. The name of a fish.

    Akaregarega (aka-règarèga), to have the jaundice. 2. The pallor of a corpse. 3. One who draws near to death. 4. To make yellow.

  • Rego (règo), white scabs on the skin of the head. Plural, regorego.

  • Rehareha (rèharèha), a pain in the stomach producing an impediment to breathing. It is induced by eating bad fish.

  • Rehau (rèhàu), thin, meagre.

  • Rehe (rèhe), the name of a locality in the large island of Mangareva (St. Michel).

  • Rehe (rèhe), the name of a fish. Also ree.

    Reherehe (rèherèhe), the young of the fish rehe.

  • Reho (rèho), the name of a shell-fish.

    Rehoreho (rehorèho), the young of the shell-fish reho.

  • Rehoreho (rèhorèho), deep, profound: said of deep places in the sea and of abysses in land.

  • Rehotara (rèhotàra), the name of a shell-fish.

  • Rehu (rèhu), a cinder; ashes. Cf. tarehu.

  • Rehurehu (rèhurèhu), that part of the day from before the rising of the sun till 10 o'clock in the morning.

  • Rei, a whale's tooth. Cf. akareimaru, reituiroto, reiorua, tarareiara.

    Akarei, to make a chain so as to pass along things one to another. It is only used for heavy things, not for passing papers, knives, &c.

  • Reiorua (reiorùa) a fish larger than others of its species.

  • Reira (reìra), there: said of some certain place.

  • Reirua (rèirùa), rejoicing; a day of rejoicing and of idleness or rest.

  • Reituiroto (rèitùiròto), to cherish, to love tenderly and with ardour. Cf. rei.

  • Reituoroto, having a brilliant interior, resembling the red colour inside a certain shell-fish.

  • Reka (rèka), therefore; accordingly. 2. Indeed? Certainly! See there! 3. Rather; sooner. 4. Really; in reality. 5. Or; either; else.

  • Rekareka (rèkarèka), joy; pleasure; to have pleasure; to take pleasure; to rejoice; to please one's self. 2. An itching, longing. (The higher joy, spiritual pleasure, is koakoa.)

    Akarekareka (aka-rèkarèka), to cause to laugh. 2. To cause to enjoy; to make things pleasant; to brighten up. 3. To rejoice; to be glad.

  • Reke (rèke), the large end of a kneading-trough. 2. The end of the fish-hook that is attached to the line. Cf. rekireki.

    Rekereke (rèkerèke), the large end of a kneading-trough carved on the outside.

    Akareke (aka-reke), to make a reke, to fasten in a notch the tie that holds the hook on.

  • Rekireki (rèkirèki), the end: used for the end of a thing on which one is seated, or when one holds the end of a thing. Cf. reke.

  • Rekireki-tahaga (rèkirèki-tahàga), an exclamation: How delightful! 2. To be easy, unembarrassed; without burden or impediment. Rekireki-tahaga (rèkirèki-tahàga), plural of the action; rereki-tahaga (rerèki-tahàga), plural of the subject.

  • Remai (rèmai), to emerge from a prison; to recover from a sickness; to be delivered from an evil.

  • Remuremu (rèmurèmu), small black fish that dwell among the marine plants.

  • Rena (rèna), to stretch, to widen. 2. To scatter abroad. 3. To look at. 4. To open wide: as to lift up the eyelids.

    Akarena (aka-rèna), a waterspout.

  • Reo (rèo), a sound. 2. The voice. 3. Speech; the language of the country. 4. An order. 5. To utter, to tell. Reoreo, plural of the action; rereo, plural of the subject. 6. Shellfish.

    Reoreo (rèorèo), a confused noise heard from afar off; to hear such noise. 2. To speak; to make any one hear.

  • Reoava, a mute, a dumb person. 2. A stammerer. Cf. reo and ava.

  • Reogere, a voice both high and deep. Cf. reo and gere.

  • Reohaha, to have a difficulty in repeating particular words. 2. A spoken word. Cf. reo and haha.

  • Reohati (rèo-hàti), a slip of the tongue. Cf. reo, hati, reotopa.

  • Reoreo. See under reo.

  • Reotopa, a slip of the tongue. Cf. topa, reo, reohati.

  • Reparepa, tattooed. Cf. marape. 2. The flesh beneath the beak of a fowl.

  • Reparepa (rèparèpa), cooked pia (arrowroot). 2. The orifice of the œsophagus.

    Akareparepa (aka-rèparèpa), the name of the coco-nut when the kernel commences to form.

  • Repo (rèpo), dirt; ordure; filth; dirty; soiled; to be dirty. Reporepo (rèporèpo), plural of the action; rerepo (rerèpo), plural of the subject. 2. A man of coarse habits, of bad manners.

    Akarepo (aka-rèpo), to dirty; to sully; to spot.

  • Repotaro, a taro plantation.

  • Rere, the multitude; every one: No reira te kiki te rere, That is why everybody is there.

  • Rere (rère), to fly. 2. To leap. Cf. tirere. 3. To precipitate one's self from a high place. Cf. irere, marere. Rererere (rèrerère), plural of the action; rerere (rerère), plural of the subject.

    Rererega, the place where one casts himself down. 2. The action of casting or of flying.

    Akarere (aka-rère), suddenly; in an instant. 2, Entirely. 3. To cause to fly; to cause to page 84 leap. Akarererere (aka-rèrerère), plural of the action; akarerere (aka-rerère), plural of the subject.

  • Rerea, to scrape; to grate; to file; to rasp. Rererere, filed; sharpened; pointed like a needle. 2. A peak, summit. 3. Trenchant, sharpened; cutting well.

    Rerererega (rèrerèrèga), a peak that one cannot climb; inaccessible.

  • Rereapia, to scrape arrowroot. Cf. pia and rerea.

  • Rereihutu (rereihùtu), the name of a fish. 2. White spots or patches on a dying person.

  • Rereioga (rereiòga), to feel the stomach empty through hunger.

  • Rereki, papyrus stuff of which the bark has not been washed.

  • Rerere. See under rere.

  • Rererega. See under rere.

  • Rererere. See under rere.

  • Rererere. See under rerea.

  • Rereva. See under reva.

  • Reri (rěri), to quiver on being touched, as a jelly or any soft body.

    Rerireri (rèrirèri), to quiver very much (as signified by reri. 2. The movement of the muscles when one runs.

  • Reu (rèu), a cinder, a coal. 2. Charcoal. 3. Ashes.

  • Reua (reùa), very sharp to the taste; acid. 2. The name of a sea-fish.

  • Reureu (rèurèu), morning.

  • Reva (rèva), a flag, an ensign. 2. A signal. 3. To cross, to pass across quickly. Cf. arareva. 4. The name of a tree (Aleurites.) 5. A mountain in Mangareva. 6. Coco-nut milk not coagulated by cooking. 7. To leave its place: said of the pupil of the eye.

    Rereva (rerèva), the development of the female breast.

    Revaga (revàga), departure; setting out. A passage; the action of passing or crossing over.

    Revareva (rèvarèva). Said of a cake which has more bread-fruit in it than of the old maa paste.

    Akareva (aka-rèva), to cause to pass; to convey across. To carry from person to person or from place to place; to transport. Akarevareva (aka-rèvarèva) plural of the action; also to transport constantly; to keep on taking people across. Akarereva (aka-rerèva), plural of the subject.

  • Revaga. See under reva.

  • Revareva. See under reva.

  • Ri (ri), a tie, a ligature; a string; a girdle. Cf. rioge, ripukao. To tie together; to bind; to attach. Plural, riri (rìrì).

    Akari (aka-ri), to present with the hand, but not close; to present from a little distance.

  • Ria, slow, tardy. 2. Blear-eyed.

  • Riahi (riàhi), to fatten, to become corpulent. Cf. riaki.

  • Riaki (riàki), to grow fat, sleek. 2. To become beautiful. 3. A gale, a tempest. 4. To heave a great sigh.

    Riariaki (riàriàki), to often heave great sighs. Plural, ririaki (ririàki).

    Akariaki (aka-riàki), to draw long breaths, as after a race, or when one is dying. Plural, akariariaki (aka-riariàki).

  • Riga, small, little. 2. Dear, darling. Cf. rioge.

  • Rigi (as “to flow”). See merigi.

  • Rigirigi (rìgirìgi), an absolution or justification from wrong-doing granted by a (heathen) priest. Cf. ririgi.

    Rigirigi, a prayer of one lately arrived. 2. A prayer for the sanctification of a priest.

  • Rigorigoa (rigorigòa), weariness of the limbs which makes one restless when lying on the bed. Cf. ririgoa. 2. To struggle, to writhe with grief or pain. 3. To be pestered by a blockhead who torments one while sleeping.

  • Rika (rìka), to awake and get up suddenly. 2. To admire anything greatly; to wonder at. Rikarika (rìkarìka). plural of the action; ririka (rirìka), plural of the subject.

    Rikaraga (rìkaràga), the action of awaking, arising, &c.

    Rikarika (rìkarìka), to slumber; to sleep.

    Rikarikaraga (rìkarìkaràga), the circumstance of sleeping.

    Akarika (aka-rìka), to awaken a person. Akarikarika (aka-rìkarìka), plural of the action: akaririka (aka-rirìka), plural of the subject.

  • Rikaakeiteao, to awake from sleep; to arise.

  • Riki (rìki), to distribute in small portions. Cf. toriki, tuaririki.

    Rikiriki (rìkirìki), small, little. 2. Very small.

    Akarikiriki (aka-rìkirìki), to make small; to minimise.

  • Riko. See ririko.

  • Rikoi, to disappear, coming and going; intermittent. 2. To change place.

  • Rikoi (rìkòi), to perceive only the shadow of. Rikorikoi (rikorìkòi), plural of the action; ririkoi (rirìkòi), plural of the subject.

    Rikorikoi, to appear at intervals, as when passing among trees.

  • Rima (rìma), the arm. 2. The hand. 3. A finger. 4. The paw of an animal. Cf. kapurima, kaverima, kokumurima, kourimakourimapararima. 5. Five.

    Rimarima, having a termination or end in the shape of the hand, or resembling a hand.

    Akarimarima (aka-rìmarìma), to carve; to handwork. 2. The three branches or divisions of a certain ancient piece of native furniture.

  • Rimaitirìma-ìti), the little fingers. Cf. rima and iti. 2. To give little; to divide up into small portions. Plural ririmaiti (rirìmaìti.)

  • Rimakaiga (rìma-kaìga), to be always liberal, generous, and sympathetic. Ririmakaiga (rirìma-kaìga), plural of the subject. Cf. rimamerie.

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  • Rimakava (rìma-kàva), to be miserly; stingy shabby, niggard. Plural ririmakava (rirìmakàva).

  • Rimamaga (rìmamagà), the name of a plant.

  • Rimamerie (rìma-merìe), to be generous, liberal; pitiful. Plural, ririmamerie (rirìma-merìe). Cf. rimakaiga, rima, merie.

    Akarimamerie (aka-rìmamerìe), to give in charity; to assist others with food, clothes, &c.

  • Rimanui (rìma-nùi), the thumb. 2. To give largely, bountifully. Plural ririmanui (rirìmanùi). Cf. rima and nui.

  • Rimapa, to strike with the hand; to slap. Cf. rima, pa. Plural, ririmapa (rirìnapà). 2. Heavy-handed; one in the habit of striking or slapping.

  • Rimarima. See under rima.

  • Rimarimatinaku (rìmarìma-tinàku), to be egotistical; self-centred.

  • Rimatea (rìmatea), not to take advantage of an occasion offering to procure food, fish, &c., when others do so. Plural ririmatea (rirì-matea).

  • Rimatipanga, a kind of dance (of Upaupa).

  • Rimu (rìmu), moss. Rimu-poatu, moss on stones; rimu-rakau, moss on trees.

    Rimurimu (rìmurìmu), a small variety of moss

  • Rino (rìno), to twist a thread between forefinger and thumb. 2. To roll or coil coco-nut fibre to make a plait or line. Rinorino (rìnorìno), plural of the action; ririno (rirìno), plural of the subject.

    Rinorino (rìnorìno), hair rendered supple and glossy with grease. 2. To make kaha or coco-nut-fibre rope. 3. To put end to end: used of the keiara.

  • Rioge, dearest; darling; little pet. Cf. riga. 2. The girdle of a corpulent woman. Cf. ri and oge.

  • Rioge (riòge), extremely dear; loved with the greatest tenderness.

  • Ripo (riòe), to undo, to take asunder; to put out of place; disordered, disarranged. Riporipo (rìporìpo), plural of the action; riripo (rirìpo), plural of the subject.

    Akaripo (aka-rìpo), to spoil; to waste; to destroy. 2. To be impious; wicked; to do wickedness. Plural, akariporipo (aka-rìpo-rìpo).

  • Ripogakoropoe (rìpògakòropòe), to work in obscurity; to labour in the dark.

  • Ripukao (rìpukao), a chain; a shackle; a cord. Cf. ri, rioge.

  • Rire, Rirerire To welcome, to greet with affection. Well-beloved.

  • Riri. See under ri.

  • Riri (ríri), to be angry, in a passion; anger, passion. 2. To hate. 3. To do with violence; to do passionately. Cf. auriri. 4. An exclation: E riri! You wretch! Villain! Riririri (rìrirìri), plural of the action; ririri (ririri), plural of the subject.

    Riria (rirìa), wicked, bad. Naughty: said to children. 2. To refuse to do a thing.

    Akariria (aka-rirìa), to depreciate; to make out to be bad; to say that such-and-such persons are no good. 2. To make a thing useless. 3. To carry on evil conversation.

  • Riria. See under riri.

  • Ririaki. See under riaki.

  • Ririatea, to be habitually penurious and niggardly.

  • Ririgi, to work well and with good taste or good result. Cf. rigirigi.

  • Ririgoa, entirely dried up. Cf. rigorigoa.

  • Ririka. See under riaki.

  • Ririkino (rìrikìno), to bite, to scratch, to claw, with rage or in quarrel. Cf. riri and kino.

    Ririririkino (rìrirìrikino), plural of the action; riririkino (rirìrikino), plural of the subject.

  • Ririko, to shine, to glitter.

    Akaririko (aka-ririko), to cause to sparkle or glitter.

  • Ririno. See under rino.

  • Ririo (rirìo), to shut, to close up: said of dry leaves. To perish, to waste away: said of men.

  • Riripo. See under ripo.

  • Ririri. See under riri.

  • Riririri. See under riri.

  • Riro. Marama-riro. See under marama.

  • Riro. (rìro), to pass away to others; carried off; taken away. 2. To become; to be made.

    Riroriro (rirorìro), plural of the action; ririro (rirìro), plural of the subject.

    Akariroriro (aka-rìrorìro), to carry; to carry off; to carry off things one after another on the shoulders. 2. To try to lift up a thing.

  • Rito (rìto), clear, fresh: said of water. Bright, fresh: said of a leaf newly unfolded.

    Ritorito (rìtorìto), a brilliant green; of a beautiful green colour. 2. Beautiful, striking, claiming attention. 3. Verdant: said of trees, &c. 4. Clean; clean-made; well-made: said of men of good presence. 5. Pure; without moral stain; innocent: said of the heart or conscience.

    Akarito (aka-rìto), to cleanse, to purify; to freshen. 2. To whiten, to bleach: said of clothes. 3. To polish one's self; to become polite and elegant. Plural, akaritorito (akarìtorìto).

  • Riu (rìu), to proceed by the edge of the sea in doubling a cape, or in going round a thing. 2. To go by land without passing through the mountain country. 3. To doable a cape: said of a canoe. Cf. koriu. Riuriu (rìurìt), plural of the action; ririu (rìurì), plural of the subject.

    Akariu (aka-rìu), to put a thing in front of something else; to set face to face. 2. To be everywhere; universal. 3. To go and come. 4. To go round; to encircle, circumnavigate. 5. A circle; a round. Akariuriu (aka-rìurìru), plural of the action; akaririu (aka-rìurìru), plural of the subject.

  • Rivi, lateral stakes or posts of a house. 2. A tie or ligature used upon a net when the fish are taken.

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  • Rivirivi, a ligature on a net when fish are enclosed.

  • Rivitai (rìvitài), to be wholly given up to one occupation or thing. 2. To love once, and only one person. Rivirivitai (rivirìwitai), plural of the action; ririvitai (rìruwitài), plural of the subject.

  • Ro (), an ant. 2. A weaver's comb (?Modern: French ros, rot). 3. An exclamation: Ho! always used before a substantive and never alone.

  • Ro, a euphonic particle; it takes the article. Ex.: Teroe kai. Te ro kai. E ro te kai o mea, the food of a thing.

  • Roa, a bone stuck in the throat. 2. The remains of charcoal from an oven.

    Akaroaroa (aka-ròaròa), to make efforts to remove a bone stuck in the throat.

  • Roa (ròa), long; far; stretched out in length. Extended: said of a prolonged time or epoch. Cf. kumeroa, moeroa, torororoa. Roaroa (ròa-ròa), plural of the action.

    Roroa (roròia), long.

    Roaroroa (ròaroròa), very large; greatly extended; very long.

    Akaroa (aka-ròa) to elongate; to prolong. Akaroroa (aka-roroa), plural of the subject, and denoting longer action than akaroa.

    Akaroaroaroroa (aka-roaroaroroa), to stretch out very greatly.

  • Roau (roàu), to grow lean, to become thin.

  • Roga (ròga), food (maa) deteriorated by exposure to the air.

    Rogaroga (ròaròga), has same meaning as roga.

  • Rogo (rògo), the god Rongo. 2. The rainbow 3. A deputy.

  • Rogo (rògo), to hear; to understand; to perceive; to comprehend. To know. Rogorogo (rògorògo), plural of the action; rorogo (rorògo), plural of the subject. Cf. rogoatera.

    Rogorogo (rògorògo), to hear aright; to understand perfectly.

    Akarogo (aka-rògo), to cause to know; to instruct. 2. To carry news; to report. 3. To listen. 4. To say, to tell. Akarogorogo (aka-rògorògo), plural of the action; akarorogo (aka-rorògo), plural of the subject.

  • Rogoatera (rogoàtéra), to learn or find out from others.

  • Rogorogo. See under rogo.

  • Rogorogo-aka-te-iti, a prayer or chant for one newly arrived. 2. To begin to know; to be initiated. 3. Confused cries.

  • Rogoua (rògo-ua), one who knows already; one who also knows.

  • Rogouru, ten.

    Akarogouru (aka-rogouru), to count up to ten.

  • Roha (rògo), a corner or angle of a house.

  • Roheroheròheròhe), small, little: E mea roherohe, It is little.

    Akaroherohe (aka-ròheròhe), to give in small quantities; to give some very small thing.

    Rorohe, to become sterile or of diminishing fertility.

  • Rohi (ròhi), a bed; a sleeping-place. Cf. roki.

  • Roi (ròi), the name of a fish.

  • Roi (ròi), to stammer; to stutter. 2. To speak through the nose; to be inarticulate, unintelligible. Roiroi (ròiròi), plural of the action; roroi (roròi), plural of the subject.

    Roroi (roròi), to express juice, &c., by straining through a cloth. 2. To squeeze or press with the hands. 3. Tc milk. 4. To purify.

    Roroiraga (roròiràga), the action of roroi.

    Roiroi (ròirài), to speak thickly, as with the mouth full. 2. To press with the hand on an injured limb, or on a part of the body suffering pain. Cf. romiromi.

  • Roimakuare (ròimakuàre), the name of a fish.

  • Roimata (ròimàta), to bloom, to grow flowers. (2) The beginning of growth in a tree. Plural, roroimata (roròimàta).

  • Roioha, to be languishing; without nervous force. Having lassitude in the limbs. Plural, roroioha. Cf. oha.

  • Roiroi. See under roi.

  • Roka (ròka), to use one word for another; to be mistaken. 2. To deceive one's self by thinking that some one has stolen a thing you are looking for. 3. Not to remember; unable to recollect. Rokaroka (ròkaròka), plural of the action: roroka (roròka), plural of the subject.

  • Roki (ròki), a bed; a sleeping-place. Cf. rohi.

    Rokiga (rokìga), home; one's usual dwelling.

  • Rokirokigakorenoa, to have no place; to have no home. 2. Not to be able to find a place to sit down on. See next word.

  • Rokirokikorenoa, in great quantity.

  • Rokuroku, a final prayer used when throwing the rama at a funeral.

  • Roma (ròma), not in abundance; to be rather scarce: said only of large things. Roroma (roròma), plural of the subject.

    Roroma (roròma), a surging sea drawing back on an ebb tide to deep water.

  • Romiromi, to rub, to cause friction. 2. To sink in the water because beaten down by the beach-surf. Cf. roiroi.

    Roromi (roròmi), to cover, to press, to squeeze, to trample: said of waves. Romiromi (ròmi-ròmi), plural of the action. 2. To eat in secret, either through miserliness, greed, or through having stolen the food.

  • Ropiko, blame; criticism; an expression of discouragement.

  • Rore, a noise as of a metallic thing falling or striking against something.

  • Rore (ròre), to go back on one's word; to break a promise. 2. To return or turn back when walking. Cf. rorekereke.

  • Rorekereke, occupied and busy, sometimes on one thing, sometimes on another. Cf. rorì. 2. Inconstant; not to be trusted; one who does not keep his promise or his line of conduct, Cf. rore.

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  • Rori, to rock; to shake; to stir; to toss about. Cf. roro. 2. To stir one's self; agitated, shaken. Cf. rorekereke, turorirori, akatakarori. Rorirori, plural of the action; rorori (roròri), plural of the subject.

    Akarori (aka-rori), to do nothing but come and go; continually on the move. 2. To be idle, unemployed.

    Akarorirori, to cause to stir; to make to move; to shake. 2. To make to move equally from side to side; to balance. Akarori-mei-roto, to vomit; to cause nausea.

  • Rorika (rorìka), a cuirass; a protection for the body.

  • Roro, soft, smooth. 2. To roll: said of waves when they break on the beach and then retire, leaving the sand dry. 3. To tie neatly the pandanus leaves placed on the front of a house.

  • Roro (ròro), the head, the cranium. Cf. roropura. 2. A squall, a sudden gust. 3. The cradle or nest in which the young flowers of the coco-nut rest. 4. Pure milk from the bosom, or from pressed coco-nuts. Cf. turoro.

    Rorororo (ròroròro), good, pleasant. Soft, smooth; agreeable to the taste.

  • Roroa. See under roa.

  • Rorohe. See under rohe.

  • Roroi. See under roi.

  • Roroioe (roroìoè), cocks and hens; domestic fowls.

  • Roroioha. See under roioha.

  • Roroiraga. See under roi.

  • Roroka. See under roka.

  • Roroko (roròko), to usrp a power or function; to possess one's self of a thing. 2. To ask again; to ask back again. 3. To return to a place to ask that something be given back.

  • Roroma. See under roma.

  • Roromi (roròmi), a species of crayfish. 2. See under romiromi.

  • Roropura, bald, hairless. Cf. roro and pura.

  • Rorori. See under rori.

  • Rorororo. See under roro.

  • Rotea. One who has not been tattooed. Cf. tea.

  • Rotege, the name of a fish.

  • Roto (ròto), profound, deep; profundity, depth. Cf. protoroto. 2. Obscure; grown dim. 3. The inside; in, within: Mahana roto, an inner garment. 4. The bowels; the entrails.

    Rotoroto (ròtoròto), a feel a chill in the stomach as if cold water was poured into it. 2. Shady, umbrageous; dim, shadowy: like the bottom of the sea.

    Akarotoroto (aka-rotoroto), black. 2. Shady, umbrageous.

  • Rotopu (ròto-pù), a deep place; perpendicularly deep; abysmal.

  • Rotoroto. See under roto.

  • Rotu (ròtu), to beat the sea to frighten fish into the nets. 2. To beat a drum. 3. To eat a great deal. Roturotu (ròturòtu). plural of the action; rorotu (roròtù), plural of the subject.

    Roturotu (ròturòtu), the name of a small insect. 2. A great eater; a glutton.

    Akarotu (aka-ròtu), colic; pains in the intestines. 2. A noise as of water in the bowels; internal rumblings.

    Akaroturotu (aka-ròturòtu), to sob. 2. Often. 3. With a jerk; a check; a reproof. Koa akaroturotu, groaning.

  • Rotukaikai, a great eater. Cf. rotu and kai.

  • Roturotu. See under rotu.

  • Rou, a leaf. Cf. rau.

  • Rou (röu), a forked pole with which to gather bread-fruit; to gather bread-fruit with a rou.

    Rourou (ròuròu), plural of the action; rorou (roròu), plural of the subject.

  • Rouaika (röuaika), leaves of the banana. Cf. roumaika.

  • Rouhara (röuhutu), leaves of the pandanus. Cf. hara or ara.

  • Rouhuru (ròuhùru), dried leaves of the banana. Cf. rouuru.

  • Rouhutu (ròuhutu), leaves of the hutu.

  • Roukape (röukàpe), leaves of the kape, particularly of the Carib cabbage.

  • Roumaika (ròpumaìka), green leaves of the banana. Cf. rouaika, roumiroika.

  • Roumei (ròumeì), leaves of the bread-fruit tree.

  • Roumiroika, the same as roumaika.

  • Rouna (roùna), mother-of-pearl that is violet-coloured towards the edges. 2. Fair blonde hair. Cf. rouoho.

  • Rouoho (ròuòho), the hair of the head. Cf. oho, opeoho, rouru. 2. Name of a part of the pearloyster.

  • Roupaka (ròupàka), leaves that have dried up. Cf. rou and paka. 2. Leaves of taro placed ready for cooking.

  • Rouru (roüru), the name of a place in Mangareva.

  • Rouru, the head of hair; the completely dressed hair with all adornments. Cf. uru, rou, rouoho.

  • Routi (roùti), a leaf of the tree named ti (Cordyline).

  • Rouuru, dry leaves of the banana. Cf. rouhuru.

  • Rouviri (rouvìri), to pay or recompense justly.

    Rouviriga (rouvìrìga), the action of recompensing justly.

  • Ru (), to shiver with cold; to tremble; to shake with fever. Cf. oupuru, maruru, ruruatu, taparuru. 2. To be eager; in haste; fervent. To be impatient, hurried in action. Ex.: Ru ra? Who is pushing?

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  • Ruraga (ruràga), eagerness, impatience, impetuosity of action.

    Ruru (rùru), to move, to stir, to shake, to disturb. Cf. heharuru, heruru.

    Ruru (rùru). See under ruru.

    Rururaga (ruruaga), the action of moving, of stirring, of shaking, &c.

  • Rua (rùa), two. Cf. matarua, morua, orua, purua, vairua.

    Ruarua, enormous; gross; thick. Cf. ruharuha.

    Akaruarua (aka-rùarùa), to enlarge, to make bigger.

  • Rua (rùa), a hole in the ground; a ditch; a trench.

    Akarua (aka-rùa), to make a hole in the ground. 2. To put food (maa) into a food-pit. 3. To lead a sedentary life; hermit-like. Plural, akaruarua (aka-rùarùa).

    Akarua. See under words in aka.

    Ruarua (rùarùa), holes; pits; trenches. 2. Lands having irregular surfaces caused by pits or sinkings of the soil.

  • Ruai. See aruai.

  • Ruakarako, the nest of the karako bird. 2. A hole or deficiency in the walls or covering of a house.

  • Ruakarako (rùakaràko), to allow one's self to be surpassed by others at work. Plural, ruaruakarako (rùarùakaràko).

  • Ruapopou (rùapopòu), to make haste; to expedite.

  • Ruarua. See under rua (two).

  • Ruarua (ruarùa). See under rua, a hole.

  • Ruato, a far-stretching sea.

  • Rue (rùe), to melt away, to disperse: said of an assembly or crowd. Plural, rurue (rurùe). Cf. rurue.

    Ruerue (rùerùe), to wash with water. 2. To wipe, to rub, to clean. Cf. horoi.

  • Ruehine, old; aged. Plural, ruruehine.

  • Ruga (rùga), the top of a thing. 2. High; on high; above; over. Cf. mateeiruga, moruga.

  • Rugo (rùgo), a quick recovery to health.

  • Ruha (rùha), an old string from the roof when it can be used again.

  • Ruharuha (rùharùlw), of large dimensions. Cf. ruarua (under rua).

  • Ruhie (rùhìe), a large shark.

  • Ruhiruhi (rùhirùhi), having a bad taste. 2. Disagreeable on account of its sour smell. 3. To have the senses nauseated by a sickening taste or smell. 4. To dislike anything, as a speech, &c.

  • Ruki (rùki), to work at any painful and longcontinued task.

    Rukiruki (rùkirùki), to occupy one's self with very long and very exhausting or dangerous work. Ruruki (rurùki), plural of the subject.

  • Ruku (rùrki), to plunge, to dive. Cf. moruku. 2. To throw one's self down headlong, headfirst. 3. To bend the head so as to avoid a blow. Rukuruku (rùkurùku), plural of the action; rurùku (rurùku), plural of the subject.

    Ruruku (rurùku), to gather leaves together. 2. To assemble people at one's house. 3. To shorten or lift a garment that is too long.

    Rukuga (rukùga), the action of diving or plunging.

    Akaruku (aka-rùku), to catch little fishes in a small net or piece of cloth. Plural, akarukuruku (aka-rukuruku).

    Rukuruku, to dive or plunge often. 2. To collect little fish or small berries.

    Rukuruku, the distribution of small things by handfuls.

  • Rumaki, to pitch and toss as a ship; pitching, rolling.

  • Rumaki (rumàki), to throw or push a quantity of food (maa) into a food-pit. 2. To upset or overturn, with commotion. 3. To assemble a great crowd of people. Rumakimaki (rumäkimàki), plural of the action; rurumaki (rurumàki), plural of the subject.

    Rumakiraga, the action of rumaki.

    Rumarumaki (rùmarùmaki), to swell and subside: said of a rolling or surging sea.

    Akarumaki (aka-rumàki), a long procession of many people on the march.

    Akarumakimaki (aka-rumàkimàki), a calm sea after high winds. 2. Places at sea where the waves swell high but do not break; a heavy swell. 3. To dive or plunge often. 4. To undulate; to wave.

  • Rupe (rùpe), to distribute, to divide. 2. To set out; to go away. 3. To open a bundle or package. 4. To examine. Ruperupe (rùperùpe), plural of the action; rurupe (rurùpe), plural of the subject.

    Rupega (rupèga), distribution; partition.

    Ruperupe (rùperùpe), to often distribute; to often examine. 2. To pick itself, to clean itself: said of birds.

  • Rupou (rupòu), to drink by stooping down at a brook. 2. To put one's lips to the water in a cup. Rupoupou (rupoupòu), plural of the action; rurupou (rurupòu), plural of the subject.

    Rupouga (rupòuga), the action of rupou.

  • Ruraga. See under ru.

  • Rure, a term of affection for an eldest daugh ter. 2. Miss, Mademoiselle.

  • Rure (rùre), a kind of tattooing.

    Akarure (aka-rùre), to put on a new garment to work in; to put on one's best clothes. Akarurerure (aka-rùrerùre), plural of the action; akarurure (aka-rurùre), plural of the subject.

  • Ruru (rùru), a shelter, cover; to shelter, to shield, to screen. 2. (Rurù). See under .

    Ruruga (rùrùrùru), the action of sheltering, &c.

    Rururu (rùrùru), to be sheltered, screened.

    Rururuga (rùrùrùga), the condition of being sheltered, &c.

    Rurururu (rùrhrùru), perfectly sheltered; admirably screened; a well-sheltered place. 2. Said of a fine head of hair that has grown after a sickness.

    Rurururuga (rùrùrùruga), the. action of rurururu.

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  • Akaruru (aka-rùru), to shelter; a shelter, a screen. 2. To stone to death; to attack (but it must be with more than ten stones). Plural, akarurururu (aka-rùrurùru).

  • Ruruatu, to shake, to stir. Cf. ru.

  • Rurue, to gather together an assembly. Cf. rùe. (A curious difference or opposition in meaning is here marked by the accent.)

  • Ruruehine, the plural of ruehine.

  • Ruruga. See under ruru.

  • Rurukaiga, a shelter or screen for the soil.

  • Ruruki. See under ruki.

  • Ruruku. See under ruku.

  • Rururaga. See under ruru.

  • Rurururu. See under ruru.

  • Rutu (rùtu), to beat, to strike. 2. To cause to resound.

  • Ruturutu (rùturùtu). to strike or beat slightly. Rurutu (rurùtu), plural of the subject.