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The Past and Present Of New Zealand With Its Prospects for the Future

New Zealand Press

New Zealand Press.

“The Bay of Islands Observer,” Kororarika, June 15, 1840, printed and published every Thursday morning, price 1s., by G. A. Eager and Co., proprietors. The first newspaper published in New Zealand.

Eager and Co. addressed the subscribers of the “New Zealand Advertiser and Bay of Islands Observer,” December 15th, 1840, stating that the Government were determined to fetter the Press, or suppress it :—“One thing has now become manifest, the Government of the British Colony of New Zealand does not wish for a Free Press, while, on the other hand, our feeling is, ‘a Free Press, or none at all.’ Resumed “Bay of Islands Gazette,” February 24, 1842. The intervening period being occupied by the “Government Gazette,” February 12, 1841. About this time appeared a skit on Willoughby Shortland, entitled, “Rules for Reducing a Prosperous Colony to a state of Insignificance, Poverty, and Distress, (taken from an old author) and dedicated to the Prime Minister of the Cannibal Islands,” no date or name of printer.

“Gazette Extraordinary,” New Zealand, December 30, 1840; Paihia, printed at the Press of the Church Missionary Society.

“The New Zealand Government Gazette,” No. 1, Kororarika, Bay of Islands, February 12, 1841, gratis, G. A. Eager, printer; went through 19 numbers.

“New Zealand Advertiser and Bay of Islands Gazette.”

Kororarika,” New Zealand, Thursday, February 24, 1842; it reached No. 36, October 27, 1842, succeeded by the “Auckland Chronicle” and “New Zealand Colonist.”

Auckland Chronicle and New Zealand Colonist.” New Series.

“New Zealand Herald and Auckland Gazette,” price 9d.

Auckland Times,” printed and published by Henry Falwasser, page 308 sole editor and proprietor. The Government having got possession of the press, Mr. Falwasser carried on the “Times” for a short period by means of a mangle, consequently it is printed only on one side. It appears that the Government at this time endeavoured to rule the Press; this occasioned a strong pamphlet to appear from Dr. Martin, who then left the colony and went to Tahaiti.

“The Southern Cross” commenced about the year 1843, which still survives, and flourishes as a daily journal (1866), of very large dimensions.

“The New Zealander” appeared 31st May 1845, and expired 1866, printed and published by J. Williamson.

“The New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator,” published every Wednesday and Saturday morning, printed and published by Samuel Revans.

“New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser,” printed and published every Tuesday and Friday for the proprietors, by E. Catchpool, commenced about 1840.

“Wellington Independent,” published every Wednesday and Saturday, still flourishing (1867).

“New Zealand Spectator and Cook’s Straits’ Guardian,” printed and published by Robert Stokes, Wellington, from 1842 to 1866.

“The Wellington Advertiser.”

“The Wanganui Record,” Wednesday, November 16th, 1853; printed by F. Watts, Victoria Avenue, Wanganui, New Zealand.

“Prospectus of the Wanganui Chronicle and Rangitikei Messenger,” June 1856; Rutland Hotel, Henry Stokes.

Wanganui Chronicle,” 15th October 1856; printed and published by Henry Stokes, sole proprietor; succeeded by a Company, Mr Wicksteed being the editor, and Mr. Parkinson printer; then Mr. James Urquart Taylor, and lastly Mr. Hutchinson, 1866.

“The Wanganui Chronicle and Rangitikei Messenger,” Wanganui, New Zealand, Thursday, March 12th, 1857.

“Hutchinson’s New Zealand Pioneer of General Literature and Colonial Progress,” Saturday, October 6th, 1866, to December 22nd, 1866.

Wanganui Times,” August 1, 1865, Tuesdays and Fridays. Walter Taylor.

page 309

“The Evangelical and Christian Advocate,” Wellington, Aug. 12, 1853, price 4d., short duration.

Taranaki Punch,” October 31, 1860, price 6d., very primitive.

“Canterbury Punch,” April 8th, 1865, pretty fair.

Hokitika—“The Despatch,” daily, every evening; “The Hokitika,” daily; “The West Coast Times,” daily.

“The Okarita Times,” Wednesday and Saturday.

“The Grey River Argus,” Greymouth, Wednesday and Saturday.

Nelson and Dunedin have each had papers from their commencement. Canterbury possesses two—“The Press,” and one published at Port Lyttelton. Taranaki has long had two papers. Napier and Marlborough, Timaru and Invercargill also. This is a very imperfect account of the New Zealand Press, but it chiefly refers to its commencement, and will thus assist other writers on this interesting subject.

Census taken 1864. *
Provinces. Population.
Males. Females. Total.
Auckland 25,686 16,446 42,132
Taranaki 2,872 1,502 4,374
Wellington 8,342 6,645 14,987
Hawkes Bay 2,456 1,313 3,770
Nelson 6,706 5,204 11,910
Marlborough 4,032 1,487 5,515
Canterbury 18,931 13,345 32,276
Otago 32,692 16,327 49,012
Southland 4,806 3,279 8,085
Chatham Isles 56 30 86
General Total, exclusive of the Military and their families 106,579 65,578 172,147
page 310

The increase for half-year ending 30th June, 1865, by immigration over seas, was—

Males, 5,640, females, 3,865, total, 9,505.
By births, males, 1,697, females, 1,633, total, 3,330.
Total increase, males, 7,337, females, 5,498, total, 12,835,

After deducting the decrease in immigration (over seas) and death.

* The following tables are taken from a new and valuable work, entitled, “The New Zealand Directory,” printed at Melbourne, 1867.