The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 83
[24th September, 1878.]
[24th September, 1878.]
1. There shall be five classes of certificates, distinguished (from the highest to the lowest) by the letters A, B, C, D, E.
2. In each class there shall be five divisions, distinguished (from the highest to the lowest) by the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
3. The class for which a certificate is granted shall depend upon attainments in learning as proved by examination; the division in the class, upon experience and practical skill in the art of teaching and of school management.
4. The relative values of certificates shall depend in equal degree upon attainments in learning and upon practical skill, as indicated in the subjoined scale, in which the letter and number denoting any one certificate stand opposite to the letter and number which in any other column denote a certificate of equal value.page 40
5. An examination for the certificate of the lowest class (E), and, if necessary, for certificates of higher classes, shall be held every year, in the fourth week of the month of March. Candidates for any class must signify to the Minister of Education, in writing, not later than the first day of January immediately before the examination, their intention to present themselves for examination for that class, and must send in at the same time testimonials as to their moral character, and declare that they have either attained the age of nineteen years, or have passed through a course of not less than one year's training in a normal school, or have acted as pupil-teacher for not less than four years, and shall thereupon receive from the department a notification of the time, and of the place within the bounds of the education district in which they reside, at which they will be required to attend for examination.
6. A certificate will not be granted to any candidate who has not attained the full age of twenty-one years, or who has not been engaged in school-teaching for at least two years, nor until he has forwarded to the Minister of Education a testimonial, signed by a Public School Inspector, or by the principal of a training institution, certifying to the candidate's fitness to teach and to exercise control.
7. Except as hereinafter provided, every candidate will be required to pass an examination in elementary science, vocal music, and drawing, of such a character as to prove his fitness to impart instruction in these subjects, as defined by the regulations for standards and inspection.
3. Every female candidate will be required to exhibit such proficiency in needlework as to prove that she is qualified to impart instruction therein as defined in the Regulations for Standards, and, in consideration of such proficiency, shall be allowed to substitute for the examination in elementary science an examination in the practical laws of health and in domestic economy.
9. Every candidate will be required to pass an examination in the principles of school organization and government, of the art of teaching, and of method, including time-tables and notes of lessons.
10. Except as hereinafter provided, the special qualifications for the several classes of certificates shall be as follows:—
For Class A.—To have graduated at the University of New Zealand in first-or second-class honours.
For Class B.—To have passed the examination for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the said University.
For Class C.—To have passed the examination for the compulsory subjects, or for the optional subjects, for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the said University, and, except in the case of candidates who have passed the examination for Class D, to have passed an examination in the compulsory subjects for Class D.page 41
|1||English Grammar and Composition.|
|2||Arithmetic.—Fundamental rules—Vulgar and decimal fractions—Proportion and square root.|
|3||Geography.—The chief physical features and principal towns of Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America, together with more minute details of the geography of Great Britain and Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand.|
|4||History.—Outlines of English history to the end of the eighteenth century.|
II.—Optional (any two).
|1||Greek.—Grammar, and very easy passages for translation at sight.|
|2||Latin.—(As for Greek.)|
|3||Algebra.—To simple equations, inclusive, with easy problems.|
|4||Euclid.—Books I. and II.|
|5||Elementary Chemistry.—The non-metallic elements, and the atomic theory.|
|6||Elementary Physics.—Any one of the following branches : (a) Electricity, (b) Sound and light, (c) Heat.|
|7||Elementary Natural Science.—Any one of the following branches: (a) Botany, (b) Zoology, (c) Geology.|
|8||Modern Languages.—Grammar of one modern language (French, German, or Italian), and easy translation at sight.|
[Note.—If the University of New Zealand shall institute a general examination for matriculation, upon the same scale as the present matriculation examination, candidates will find that the requirements here specified for Class D fall in with the programme for matriculation in such a way that, by taking the four compulsory subjects here prescribed, together with Latin and one other optional subject, they can at one examination matriculate and qualify for Class D. The Senate will be requested in that case to allow candidates for Classes C and D to sit at the University examinations for the purpose of qualifying for a class, although they may not desire to sustain any relation to the University as undergraduates.]
- Writing.—Including the setting of copies and writing on black-board.
- English Grammar.—The subject generally, including derivation of words.
- English Composition.—Accuracy and facility, tested by exercise in dictation, paraphrase, and essay writing.
- Arithmetic.—The subject generally, including explanation of processes and rules. A somewhat lower standard in this subject will be accepted from females than from males.
- Geography.—The elements of mathematical and physical geography, and the general topography and political geography of the world, with map-drawing from memory of the European countries and the British dependencies.page 42
- English History.—From 1603 to 1837, and a very brief outline of the chief events prior to 1603.
- Changes and Indestructibility of matter and energy.
- Energy.—Motion of mass and of particles (heat): bodies separated, but under the influence of forces, such as gravitation, electricity, &c.
- Properties of Bodies.—Mass—Weight—Density—Specific gravity of solids, liquids, and gases—Flotation—Balloon—Elasticity of form and volume—Compressibility of gases—Barometer—Pump—Syphon—Diving bell.
- Solids.—Compactness—Porosity—Hardness—Brittleness—Toughness—Malleability—Ductility—Tenacity and flexibility.
- Liquids.—Pressure of Column—Tendency to find level—Waves—Diffusion.
- Gravitation.—Falling bodies—Work done against gravity—Wheel and axle—Levers—Pulley.
- Sound.—V elocity—Echo—W aves—Pitch.
- Light.—Propagation—Velocity—Reflection—Looking-glasses—Refraction—Magnifying glass—Prism—Colour—The Eye.
- Heat.—Production—Expansion of solids—Liquids and Gases—Winds—Conduction—Convection—Steam—Latent Heat—Evaporation—Radiation.
- Magnetism.—Properties of magnets—Induction—Mariner's compass.
- Electricity.—Development of frictional electricity—Attraction—Repulsion—Induction—Conduction—Insulation—Distribution—Lightning conductors—Electric machines—Voltaic electricity—Simple battery—Current—Conductors—Resistance—Heat—Electro-magnet—Telegraph.
- Chemistry.—Mixtures and compounds—Combination and decomposition—Elements and compounds—Affinity—The air—Burning—Oxygen : Decomposition and composition of water—Rusting—Igniting splinter—Nitrogen : Not supporter of combustion, neutral element—Hydrogen : Preparation and elementary properties—Atoms—The chief properties and preparation of carbon—Sulphur—Phosphorus and chlorine—The character of the useful metals—Smelting—Lime—Potash and soda—Glass—The uses of clay—Nitrogenous, oleaginous, and amylaceous food—Putrefaction—Decay—Fermentation—Distillation of coal gas—Coke—Uses of tar—Benzol—Aniline colours—Carbolic acid.
- Biology.—Properties of living matter—Plants and animals—Plants—Composition and nutrition—Dissemination—Elements of classification—Human physiology: Composition and general form of the body—The bones, muscles, and connective tissues—Names and positions of internal organs—Alimentation—The blood—Circulation—Respiration—The kidneys and their secretion—Animal heat—Senses and nerves—General laws of health—Cleanliness in person, food, water, and air—Clothing and temperance—Elements of classification of animals.
12. The class for which a certificate is granted being determined by examination, the division within the class shall depend—first, on the number of years during which the teacher has been actually engaged in school-teaching, one mark being assigned for two years' service, two marks page 43 for five years, three marks for eight years, four marks for eleven years, and five marks for fourteen years and upwards; and, second, on the judgment of the Inspector in whose district the teacher is at work, such judgment being expressed by marks numbering 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10, according to the Inspector's estimate of less or greater efficiency; and, the marks of both series being added, 14 marks shall qualify for the first division, 11 marks for the second, 8 marks for the third, 5 marks for the fourth, and 3 marks for the fifth. On the thirtieth day of June in each year, teachers who, by length of service, or upon a more favourable judgment expressed by the Inspector before the thirty-first day of May, shall have become entitled to promotion to a higher division, shall receive such promotion.
13. Candidates who fail to pass the examination for Class E, but who do not fall far short of the requirements for that class, may receive from the Minister of Education a license to teach, which license shall be in force for two years only from the date at which it is issued, but may, at the discretion of the Minister, be renewed from time to time, and which while it is in force shall have the force of a certificate.
14. Teachers who hold certificates of Education Boards in New Zealand, such certificates having been granted before the thirty-first day of December, 1878, shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation 15, receive from the Minister certificates or licenses to teach, such as shall in his judgment be equivalent in value to the certificates which they already hold; and generally a certificate of any class may be granted to a candidate whose qualifications, not being precisely those prescribed for such class in Regulation 10, but being sufficiently attested, shall appear to the Minister to be of equal value with the qualifications so prescribed.
15. A certificate issued under the first part of Regulation 14 shall be only a provisional certificate, unless the teacher in whose favour it is issued can show that he has already passed an examination in some department of physical or natural science, or until he pass the examination in elementary science prescribed by Regulation 11. The holder of such provisional certificate will be expected to pass the examination in elementary science within two years from the date of the issue of the certificate. Similar provisional certificates may be granted to candidates who, at the first examination held under these regulations, comply with every requirement except those expressed in Regulation 11. Provisional certificates may also be granted to candidates under twenty-one years of age who have passed the examination for any class.
16. In the month of June in each year, a list of teachers holding certificates and licenses shall be issued by the Minister of Education, and such list shall set forth, in every case of promotion to a higher class or division, the reason of such promotion; and after the publication of such list every teacher who has been so promoted shall be entitled, upon making due application to the Minister, to have a record of his promotion indorsed upon his certificate.
17. The Minister of Education shall have power to cancel any certificate or license to teach if the holder of the certificate shall at any time be proved guilty of immoral conduct, or gross misbehaviour, within the meaning of "The Education Act, 1877," or of any subsequent Act.
18. These regulations shall come into force on the date hereof.