The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 72
Desirable Objects to be Attained by the Reform
Desirable Objects to be Attained by the Reform.
Mill, in his autobiography, written subsequently to his great work, "The Principles of Political Economy," said that he considered that "the social problem of the future is how to unite the greatest individual liberty of action with a common ownership in the raw material of the globe and an equal participation in all the benefits of combined labour."
A very similar aspiration comes to us from a widely different source, and period of time, in an utterance during the present year by "The Texas Union Workman," to the following effect:—"The problem to be solved by men who aspire to freedom is—what shall be done that one man may not be in the slightest degree dependent on the goodwill of another man for the opportunity to procure a livelihood? Till this problem is solved, freedom will remain a fiction, and slavery a stern reality."
|To reduce, and ultimately extinguish, the control of the State in the apportionment and management of land.
|To free all land from the control of mortgagees, speculators, and landlords.
|To remove the power of the "dead hand," which now limits the free spread of population according to the desire of the living.
|To ensure that all lands shall be put to the best uses of which they are capable.
|To remove conditions which, by enabling men to hold areas out of use between country settlers, unduly scatter the population, cause premature public expenditure upon roads, make railways less useful, and prevent the supply of many conveniences.page 18
|To remove conditions which, by enabling men to hold suburban lands against the free expansion of city populations tend to unduly concentrate the residents into small areas, and thus produce crowded, and therefore unhealthy, slums.
|To ensure that the possession of land shall not become a privilege in the hands of capitalists; that it shall only be held in return for the annual payment to the State of is ground-rent value; and that the entire ground-rent nationalised, shall be used for public purposes only, instead of being allowed to become the private possession of individuals.
|To enable those who are not capitalists to acquire secure possession of land, and by this means, together with the abolition of taxes and rates, to retain the full produce of their industry.
|To bring all land into use as fast as intending users need it, and to do so in the readiest way.
|To gradually remove all taxes and local rates which fall upon buildings, improvements, or other productions of industry within the Colony, or which hinder the freest exchange of our produce with that of other countries.
|To gradually repay all our outside indebtedness.
|To cause the State or the local authority to initiate or acquire all such public undertakings as by enjoying public concession must, with the growth of population, become valuable monopolies.