The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 72
Torpedoes and Submarine Mines
Torpedoes and Submarine Mines.
"I do not wish to be considered as one opposed to all forms of submarine defence. There are many places in which this weapon can be applied with excellent results, but they depend on conditions which do not exist everywhere. Combined with forts they may avert an attack in front, but cannot guard the flanks and rear of a coast town. They did not delay by one hour the fall of Valparaiso when the forces opposed to Balmaceda, having command of the sea, landed a few miles north of the town." Ibid.