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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 70

Sir Walter Bulger's Coulection

Sir Walter Bulger's Coulection.

1. Mere, 13in. by 4¼in. Broad leaved. [unclear: Opaque]. Raukardka that is like kawakawa, but tinged with yellow (geíbgríin), like the karakaleaf. The handle is, as is commonly the case, much more yellow. This mere belonged to the Waikato-proper Tribe, and came into litigation in connection with a block of land.

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2. Famous mere, 12in. by 3¾in. Kawakawa-rewa. Slightly speckled with black, líame, Te Inu-toto (The Blood-drinker). This greenstone mere was the peace-offering of the Uriwcra Tribe when Nga Koran and Te Kereru, with two hundred of their followers, came to Ruatoke in 1869 and made their submission to Major Mair, R.M., aft representing the Government. The Major handed to one oE the chiefs his gold watch, sad placed a gold ring on the finger of the other in token of reconciliation. This peace-making was always referred to afterwards as the marenatanga or the marriage. It had been in the possession of the tribe frH many generations, and had figured in many bloody affairs. Hence the name.

3. Mere, named Tuhiwai. Is a portion of a large mere broken and worked into shape again. Length, 10in. Has no neck. The handle must have been broken off. This was the tribal property of Ngatiapa from time immemorial, They were originally in the Taupo country, and migrated to Rangitikei, on the West Coast, perhaps one hundred and fifty years ago. It is sometimes called Tuhiwai-iti, or the Lesser Tuhiwai, in contradistinction from another Tuhiwai, the property of Hgatiapi, which was lost during a fight on the West Coast early in this century about 1812. The large mere wag discovered ten years ago accidentally, in a forest near Porotawhau (Rangihaeata's old retreat, or stronghold). An old woman was collecting fungus in the forest when a mob of cattle was driven through. She ran away, and saw some of the cattle stumble over an old tree-trunk which lay on the ground. When she came back she found the tree partly broken, and the long-lost mere exposed, Ngatiapa redeemed it by paying this woman's tribe £200 in notes, five or six horses, and a lot of mats. The story of the losing of Tuhiwai is referred to in the following lament composed by Puhara, a Rangitane woman of high rank, after the death of her husband. Sent to me by Sir Walter Buller:—

E hara te makau i te wai
Kawakawa koe
Wai kahuvangl, e,
No te wai ano i tone ai
Whakare uta
I moe ai Tuhiwai, e,
E pa hiwi mai ra
I ara te tungaane
Kei te po tau au, e!

The Smaller Tuhiwai is inanga of a very green tint. It was presented to Sir W. Duller in 1865, in connection with the sale of the EanifitikeiManawatu Block, amid the firing of guns and the wailing of women, A curious discoloration on the edge is attributed to the oil of the decaying corpse when buried with it. Asimilar discoloration is seen on a mere in the possession of Mr. Kohn, of Wellington, which was found imbedded in the skull with which it was buried.

4. Remarkable mere, 12½in. by 3½ in. It is a grey stone (graugiiin) unlike any I have seen, known as Tuwhai Kowha's mere. A dull dense inanga, with curious green spots or blotches. It is not carved on the handle, and is bored with two crater mouths. It is most singularly flawed with two silky asbesfcos-Hke joints of considerable breadth and most beautiful lustre. This was one of the tribal weapons of the Uriwera, having been in possession of that people for many generations, possesainfl an individual history known to them, but not yet ascertained by the present owner. It is:especially interesting as having been used by the chief Tamaikoha at the killing of Mr-Bennett White at Opotiki, in 1865, as a declaration of war against the Europeans-His servant was killed with him, The act was a formal one, implying no ill-will against the victims.

5. Portion of a very small, narrow mere. Dark kawakawa. Dug np at Waitemata. Very ancient.

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6. Beautiful handle-end of a very ancient mere of the Ngatiawa. Tradition saya that it was broken in an action. The blade portion ia in possession of Ngatiawa. It is a beautiful object, one side being pipiwahairoa. A marked feature is the irregular crater-like countersunk holes.

7. Very large mere, 14½in. by 4¾in. Very wide and heavy. Named Te Maungarongo (The Peacemaking), from some historical incident. Kawakawa, more spotted than usual, having a peculiar transverse vein of pure inanga and an oblique vein of raukaraka. It is from the Uriwera (East Coast) country.

3. Hei-tiki. This remarkable object is of great antiquity, and was formerly in the possession of Ngapuhi, from one of whose burial-places at the Bay of Islands it was taken. It is of totoweka, of a singular colour. Its great singularity is that it represents a blind ancestor. All that the natives can say of it is that it is very ancient, as they have preserved no tradition respecting it. It has a hole in each corner of the mouth, wbioh are drilled from the back, with craters behind. In style it is quite different from the ordinary form, having a long nose.

9. Very beautiful pale-coloured hei-tiki of the purest inanga, approaching white in colour. The hole in the back is drilled in a remarkable way in a long slant, and shows the marks of the stone drill in the form of circular grooves or rings. It is said to be very ancient, and has been in the possession of the Kgatikawhata Hapu of the Ngatiraukawa Tribe from time immemorial.

10. Large hei-tiki. Pure kawakawa of the finest quality, without flaw. Very highly polished by attrition against the skin.

11. Hei-tiki, said to be characteristic of some tribes which in carving a hei-tiki put a crest, perhaps representing a frown, on the forehead.

12. Pendant of clear tangiwai, perfectly translucent. Belonged to Aperábame Tipae, hereditary chief of Ngahapa, a man well known throughout the North Island, The name of this pendant is Te Kahuraa-rongotea, It was handed over by that chief when he affixed his mark to the deed of cession of the Manawatu-Rangitikei Block. A very beautiful object.

13. A mat-pin, presented by the same chief to the late Lady Bailor, Valued as a most perfect specimen of translucent tangiwai; delicately barred with varying shades.

14. A pendant. A perfect piece of ruakarka, (gelbgrün), given to Sir W. Buller by the Ngatituwharetoa of Taupo. They think this the most perfect stone.

15. A small eardrop of stone of the colour known as inanga, but transparent, Mr. Mantell has a pendant of similar stone. This is said by Ngatiwhiti to be the true kahurangi.

16. Very small hand-chis el or graving-tool for fine carving, used without a handle, Kawakawa. Two similar but smaller chisels to be struck with a hammer, broken at the haft-end.

17. Beautiful pendant of tangiwai, with the tear-drops in it. They Eire like globules of water in suspension.

18. Small ornament in the shape of a miniature axe, cut out of greenstone after the manner adopted by the Bosnians (Boyd Dawkins's "Early Man in Britain," p. 336).

19. Ear-pendant of blue tangiwai. This contains spots or stains, which are referred to by the Maoris as representing the blood of ancestors.

20. A small block of tangiwai, smooth all over. This is a burnisher for polishing wood-carving. This fact explains the existence of many page 60 highly polished stones of no apparent use found in Maori camps. A piece of pipiwarauroa, nearly somate, ½in. thick, used for the same purpose. A small burnisher for the same purpose, with two scraping-edges. A long, thin burnisher for the same purpose.

21. Small chisel or axe, with a curved edge. A carving toki for digging the deep holes in totara slabs when executing carvings. The artist burned little holes in the slab, and chiselled out the chare oal. This instrument has a depression, for the thumb.

22. Largo axe. Length, 13in.; width, 3¾in.; thickness, 1in. As it was found to be too broad, there is a cut on each side to remove a strip. Kawakawarewa or melting kawakawa.