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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 69

Education

Education.

The education provided by the State for the instruction of its children is secular and free. Opportunities are afforded to clergymen and others to give religious instruction to the children outside the four hours a-day for five days in the week, which are devoted to secular teaching, but the opportunity is more observed in the breach than in the performance. The secular subjects taught art reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar and composition, geography, history, elementary science, drawing, object lessons, vocal music, and for girls, sewing and needlework, and the principles of domestic economy. No child whose parents or guardians object need be present at the teaching of history.

There are also at the chief towns of the colony superior or secondary schools, most of which have been endowed with lands and money out of the public estate. Some of the endowed secondary schools, and the endowed collegiate institutions in Canterbury, Otago, and Auckland "are affiliated to the New Zealand University, which is an examining body having power to confer degrees and to grant scholarships. The New Zealand University, which has a Royal Charter, is maintained by an annual grant from the Consolidated Fund."

Separate public schools are provided for the education of the children of the native race.

The expenditure for the decade has been for the financial years as follows:—
1880-81 £271,766
1881-82 270,984
1882-83 307,784
1883-84 319,979
1884-85 340,446
1885-86 365,555
1886-87 371,602
1887-88 368,798
1888-89 377,858
1889-90 369,331

At the end of the year 1888—the latest date at which the educational statistics was published—there were 1128 public schools open, employing 2839 teachers in the instruction of 112,685 children. From education reserves and other local sources of revenue—extraneous to the amount tabulated above—they received the following additional sums for the year:—Education reserves, £31,882; other local sources, £3206; making a total expen- page 27 diture for that year of £400,145. In the same year it should be stated that 213 scholarships were held in connection with the public primary schools—124 for boys and 80 for girls—ranging in value from £4 to £52 10s per annum.

The secondary schools were 22 in number, employing 114 regular and 51 visiting instructors. The number of students was 2004, and the annual rate of fees ranging from £18 to five guineas. There were 244 boarders at the various institutions, the charge for whom, exclusive of day school tuition, varied, according to locality, from £38 to £52 10s per annum. The total income of these secondary schools for the year was £55,017, or nearly £27 10s per pupil. 82 of whom were over 18 years of age. Of this amount of income £20,186 came from fees, the remainder principally the rents of secondary school reserves, and the annual sum voted by the General Assembly.

The total number of undergraduates on the books of the New Zealand University, 1st May, 1889, was 943.

The private schools in the colony are 299 in number, employing 723 teachers in the instruction of 15,853 scholars. The Roman Catholics out of this number of private schools have 96 and 9346 scholars.

In the native schools, attended by 2592 pupils, there were 100 teachers employed, whose salaries and allowances amounted to £12,086. The total expenses for the native schools for the year 1888 was £17,148.