1888. Proposals of Mr. Sydney David Taiwhanga, M.H.R., for the Colonization and Settlement of Maori Lands.
Edwards & Co., General Printers, Brandon Street.1888.
Kia.......................meou tangata whaiwhakaaro nunui katoa
Tena rara ko koutou katoa kote iwi nui tonu. He whakamarama atu tenei i nga ra me nga Takiwa e tu ai ngnga hui mote Tiriti o Waitangi i panuitia atu ra i Poneke inga ra o hurae, 1888. Ara.
Kote Hui Tuatahi—Katatu kite whare runanga ite Tiriti o Waitangi, Pewhairangi ate Wenerei ite, 13 onga ra o Maeaehe, 1889.
Kote Hui Tuarua—Katutu kite Tiriti o Kohimarama i Okahu, Akarana, ate Mane ite 25 onga ra o Maehe, 1889.
Konga Putake mo Enenei Hui mo Nga Mate Nunui e Rua i Raro ite Tiriti o Waitangi.
1. Tuatahi—Monga manate katoa kua pahure ake nei, i mahia Rereke noa atu ite Tiriti o Waitangi mete 71 onga Telekona ote Ture nui o Nui Tireni, 1852. Ko enei Kaata mahia marietia kite Ture.
2. Tuarua—Mo nga TuTure katoa e paana kinga Iwi Maori e mahia and rereke rawaatu ite Tiriti o Waitangi mete 7 71 Tekiona ote Ture nui o Niu Tireni, 1852. Ko enei me tino whakakore katoa atu me [unclear: ririru] mai mate iwi Maori ake ano e whakahaere and Whenua me ana Taonga katoa, mareira e e whiwhi tahi ai enei iwi erua kite haringa, mete kakenganui. Na enei take maarama e rua ka Powhiritia atu nei o koutu tangata tino whaiwhakaaro nui, kia tae tinana mai tatou katoa ki enei Hui erua kua panuitia atu nei kite Tiriti o Waitangi, Pewlhairangi, mete Tiriti o Kohimarama, Okahu, Akarana, kite ata whiriwhiri marie i enei tiknga marama e rua, i runga ite Kotahitanga onga Rangatira Maori mekore e riro mai he Orra mote Iwi Maori, pakeha hoki.
Sir, Salutation to you.
A meeting of all the Maori tribes will assemble—
First—At the Treaty of Waitangi Hall, Bay of Islands, on the 13th of March, 1889.
Second—At Okahu, near Auckland, on the 25th of March, 1889. For the consideration of two important questions concerning the Treaty of Waitangi.
1. To consider all disputes that have arisen contrary to the Provisions of both the Treaty of Waitangi and the 71st Section of the New Zealand Constitution Act, 1852. These greivances will have to be dealt with by a Court of Law.
2. To consider all Statutes affecting the Maoris and their lands, and to abolish the same as they were made contrary to the Provision of both the Treaty of Waitangi and the 71 Section of the New Zealand Constitution Act, 1852, and to let the Maoris have the whole management for colonization of their own State by themselves, and such other matters as may pertain to the mutual benefit, happiness and prosperity, of both races. Therefore we invite you to be present on the occasion, and our hearty welcome will be extended to you.
Hipine & Paraone, Perehi, Akarana.
The chief objects I have in view are:—
To secure to the Maoris the management and market value of their own estate.
To divide the estate equitably amongst them and to protect their estate from waste.
To assimilate the Land, Mining and other Laws of the Colony to Maori Lands.
To give facilities for the construction of Public Works and the settlement of people upon the lands.
To abolish the Native Land Court and Native Department and thus save the large and wasteful expenditure that has been going on for years past.
That the whole Colony may derive great benefit by the throwing open for settlement, upon the same terms as Crown lands, fourteen million acres, containing some of the best lands in New Zealand.
S. D. Taiwhanga, M.H.B.
Proposals of Mr. Sydney David Taiwhanga, M.H.R., for the Colonization and Settlement of Maori Lands.
—acres for each man, woman, and child of the Maori race including halfcastes, except Hori Kerei Taiaroa, who is otherwise prided for.
|(a.)||Such area shall be selected in such parts of North and South Islands as the Maoris may decide upon, and every allotment granted under this provision shall be inalienable.|
|(b.)||The allotments shall be selected by Chiefs and people according to priority in rank.|
|(c.)||A suitable portion of such area shall be set apart for a town.|
|(d.)||Such town shall be vested in the Council as common property of all Maoris (except as aforesaid i, and shall be governed by a Council or Board similar to Municipal Councils in other parts of the Colony.|
|(e.)||Rules and Regulations shall be made for the management of the town, the health, and recreation of the inhabitants, the education of the children and generally for the peace, order, and good government of the people, and in pursuance of the 71st section of the "New Zealand Constitution Act 1852."|
Lands for Sale and Settlement.
Land and Mining. Laws to apply.
All Maori Lands to be open for application.
Counties Act to apply.
Lands fur roads to vest in the Crown
Lands for public works
Management of Maori Estate.
Management of estate by Council.
|(a.)||The Council shall be elected in a similar manner as Maori Members of the House of Representatives by now elected, such election to take place triennially, and for the first election the Colony may be divided into four districts each district returning Member.|
|(b.)||The Council so elected shall appoint a President who may be an European and shall hold office during behaviour or until removed by the unanimous deciding of the committee.|
|(c.)||The Council shall be a corporation and have a [unclear: cor] seal, and may sue and be sued, and its principal office shall be convenient to the seat of Government.page 5|
|(d.)||The functions of the Council when dealing with Maori lands shall be analogous to the functions of the Lands Boards of the Colony.|
|(e.)||Regulations shall be framed by the Council for the proper conduct and management of business, and all proceedings shall be open to the public, and all plans and other records shall be public records.|
|(f.)||The President and Council shall receive such remuneration for their services as may be decided upon.|
|(g.)||The Council may at any lime state a case for the opinion of the Supreme Court and subject thereto all decisions of the Council shall be final and conclusive.|
Native Land Court abolished.
Repeal of statute, &c.
Crown Grants to be scaled with the seal of the council.
The Maori Fund.
Application of Fund.
Distribution of Fund.
Application of part of Fund to common purposes.
Accounts to be audited.
Maori census to be taken.
(a.) The Chiefs may be divided into classes, according to rank and distinction as they may determine, and the shares of each class shall be greater than the shares of the common people in such proportion as they may also determine.
Certificates of shares to be issued.
Register of shares to be kept.
Infant's shares to be applied to their maintenance and education.
S. D. Taiwhanga, M.H.R
The Treaty of Waitangi
As finally adopted and signed by upwards of five hundred of the principal Chiefs (512), on February 6, 1840. The Treaty of Waitangi appeared in the following form, which we here insert for the sake of easy reference, as the English document only appears once in these pages: —
Her Majesty Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, regarding with Her Royal Favor the Native Chiefs and Tribes of New Zealand, and anxious to protect their just Rights and Property, and to secure to them the enjoyment of Peace and Good Order, has deemed it Necessary, in consequence of the great number of Her Majesty's subjects who have already settled in New Zealand, and the rapid extension of Emigration both from Europe and Australia which is still in progress, to constitute and appoint a functionary properly authorized to treat with the Aborigines of New Zealand for the recognition of Her Majesty's Sovereign authority over the whole or any part of those islands. Her Majesty, therefore, being desirous to establish a settled form of Civil Government, with a view to avert the evil consequences which must result from the absence of the necessary Laws and Institutions alike to the Native population and to her Majesty's subjects, has been graciously pleased to empower and authorize me, William Hobson, a Captain in Her Majesty's Royal Navy, Consul, and Lieutenant-Governor of such parts of New Zealand as may be, or hereafter shall be, ceded to Her Majesty, to invite the confederated and independent Chiefs of New Zealand to concur in the following Articles and Conditions:—
Article the First.
The Chiefs of the Confederation of the United Tribes of Sew Zealand, and the separate and independent Chiefs who have not become members of the Confederation, cede to Here Majesty the Queen of England, absolutely and without Enervation, all the said Confederation or Individual Chiefs respectively exercise or to possess, or may be supposed to exercise or to possess, over their respective Territories as the sole Sovereigns thereof.
Article the Second.
Her Majesty the Queen of England confirms and guarantees to the Chiefs and Tribes of New Zealand, and to the respective families and individuals thereof, the full, exclusive, and undis- page 8 turbed possession of their Lands and Estates, Forests, Fisheries, and other properties which they may collectively or individually possess, so long as it is their will and desire to retain the same in their possession; but the Chiefs of the United Tribes and the Individual Chiefs yield to Her Majesty the exclusive right of Pre-emption over such lands as the proprietors thereof may be disposed to alienate, at such prices as may be agreed upon between the respective proprietors and the persons appointed by Her Majesty to treat with them in that behalf.
Article the Third.
In consideration thereof, Her Majesty the Queen of England extends to the Natives of New Zealand Her Royal protection, and imparts to them all the Rights and Privileges of British subjects.
W. Hobson, Lieutenant-Governor.
Now, therefore, we, the Chiefs of Confederation of the United Tribes of New Zealand, being assembled in Congress at Victoria, in Waitangi, and we, the Separate and Independent Chiefs of New Zealand, claiming authority over Tribes and Territories which are specified after our respective named having been made fully to understand the Provisions of the foregoing Treaty, accept and enter into the same in the full spirit and meaning thereof; in witness of which we have attached our signatures or marks at the places and the dates respectively specified.
Done at Waitangi, this sixth day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty.
The first meeting at which this Treaty was presented to the Northern Chiefs for their approval and adoption was held at Mr. Busby's station, at Waitangi, on the 5th and 6th February, 1840; and which was fully reported by the Lientenant-Governor to His Excellency Sir George Gipps, in the following despatch:
Her Majesty's Ship "Herald,"
Bay of Islands, 5th February, 1840.
Sir,—I have the honor to acquaint Your Excellency that immediately on my arrival here I circulated notices, printed in the Native languages, that on this day I would hold a meeting of the Chiefs of the Confederation, and of the high Chiefs who had not yet signed the Declaration of Independence, for the purpose of explaining to them the commands I had receive from Her Majesty the Queen, and of laying before them the copy of a Treaty which I had to propose for their consideration.page 9
Accordingly, a vast number of Chiefs, with a multitude of followers, crowded in from every quarter, and at 12 this day they assembled under the spacious tents, decorated with flags, which had been previously erected at Waitangi by the direction of Captain Niaz, of this ship.
And so on with several other despatches of Lieutenant-Governor Hobson to His Excellency Sir George Gipps, and also to the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
With the foregoing remarks and extracts from Parliamentary documents, we leave these sheets to the scrutiny of all interested inquirers. However curious they may appear now, they will become much more so as time rolls on; and whatever may be the opinions of the present or future generations as to the policy adopted in 1840, it is certain that, without some such Agreement between the two races as was determined by "The Treaty of Waitangi," the Queen's authority and government would never have been so peaceably admitted and established in this country.
H. Hanson Turton.
10th April, 1887.
The New Zealand Constitution Act.
Her Majesty may cause Laws of Aboriginal Native Inhabitants to be maintained.
Passed 30th of June, 1852.
Section 71.—And Whereas it may be expedient that the Laws, Customs, and Usages of the Aboriginal or Native Inhabitants of New Zealand, so far as they are not repugnant to the general principles of Humanity, should for the present be maintained for the Government of themselves, in all their relations band dealings with each other, and that particular districts should be set apart within which Laws, Customs, or Usages should be so observed. It should be lawful for Her Majesty, by any Letters Patent to be issued under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom from time to time to make Provisions for the purposes aforesaid, any repugnancy of any such Native's Laws, Customs, or Usages, to the Law of England or to in any part thereof, in any wise notwithstanding.