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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 65

Principal Places on the West Coast. — North Island

Principal Places on the West Coast.

North Island.

Aramoho (suburb of Wanganui).—Railway Station, Government workshops; junction of Northern and Southern lines of railroad; Churton's College for education of Maori children.

Ashurst.—Village near Palmerston.

Bells Falls.—Waterfalls on Mount Egmont. Road from New Plymouth or Stratford.

Brunswick Line (name of road).—Farming settlement nine miles north of Wanganui. Railway Station.

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Bulls (township of Rangitikei district).—Forty-two miles south of Wanganui; four miles from Greatford railway station, on the southern line. Centre of farming district.

Bunnythorpe (Manawatu district).—Railway Station; farming and timber industry. Six miles from Palmerston.

Campbelltown, or Taylorville.—Suburb of Wanganui, on opposite side of river. Barns and Higgie's sale yards. Flagstaff station.

Carnarvon.—Railway Station; township; six miles from Foxton.

Crofton.—Township founded by Sir W. Fox on teetotal system. Three miles from Marton.

Corinth, or Koroniti.—Forty miles up Wanganui River, Maori Path.

Castle Cliff.—Township now being formed at mouth of Wanganui River, and connected with Wanganui by rail.

Feilding.—Chief township on Manchester Block, Manawatu district. Thirteen miles from Palmerston.

Foxton.—Port of the Manawatu district, on Manawatu River, Four miles from mouth; eighty-seven miles from Wanganui. Communication with Wellington by coach and steamboat.

Fordell.—Railway Station; farming district. Fourteen miles south of Wanganui.

Greatford.—Railway Station; thirty-eight miles from Wanganui; Rangitikei district; change here for Bulls.

Halcombe.—Township on Manchester Block. Forty-four miles from Wanganui.

Hawera (Taranaki).—Sixty-two miles north of Wanganui, forty-eight from New Plymouth; next to New Plymouth most important town in the province of Taranaki. Mayor and Corporation, Government Offices, &c. Branch road from here to Manaia, Opunake, and New Plymouth.

Jerusalem.—Sixty miles up Wanganui River; Roman Catholic Mission Station, Church and Convent.

Kennedy's, or Upokongaro (township seven miles up Wanganui River).—Favorite place for excursions; Kennedy's Hotel, stores, &c., Maori pah; accessible by road each side of river, and by boat.

Kaiwhaiki.—Stone quarries. Fourteen miles up Wanganui River.

Kai Iwi.—Railway Station; township; river, twelve miles north of Wanganui.

Kaitoke Lake, and Settlement.—Four miles from Wanganui, No. 1 Line,

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Kakaramea (Taranaki).—Railway Station; farming settlement: sixty-two miles from New Plymouth, six from Patea.

Manawatu County, River, Gorge.—Manawatu County comprises the towns of Foxton, Palmerston, Feilding, and Halcombe, and numerous townships; produces timber, grain, &c., &c., &c. Manawatu River rises in the Ruahine Ranges, and is composed of a number of streams, which unite before entering the Gorge, which is a scence of surpassing grandeur.

Marton.—Chief town of Rangitikei County Named after birth-place of Captain Cook; centre of considerable grazing and farming district; Mayor and Corporation.

Manutahi (Taranaki).—Railway Station, hotels, &c; centre of I grazing and farming district.

Maxwelltown.—Township, about four miles wide of Railway Station; thirteen miles north of Wanganui.

Matarawa.—Railway Station; farming settlement; ten miles south of Wanganui.

Manaia.—Fifteen miles from Hawera, large township; near Titokawaru's pah, on Waimate Plains.

Manchester Block.—Extensive special settlement in Manawatu district, on which are the towns of Feilding and Halcombe.

Midhurst (Taranaki).—Twenty-seven miles from New Plymouth. Railway Station.

Mount Egmont (Taranaki district).—Height 8,500 feet; snowcapped.

Momahaki.—Thirty miles north of Wanganui; nearest station to the Hummocks, a singular range of hills.

New Plymouth.—Chief town of the Province of Taranaki, and late seat of Provincial Government; at foot of Mount Egmont. Port of the province. Breakwater, enabling steamboats of the largest size to come alongside, is nearly completed. Numerous communication with Auckland and Wellington by U.C. steamboats, and by rail with Waitara, Wanganui, and Foxton.

Normanby.—Railway Station; three miles from Hawera; extensive farming district.

Nukumaru.—Railway Station; twenty-one miles from Wanganui; fine grazing and agricultural district.

Otakeo—Small settlement between Hawera and Opunake.

Otamari.—Native pah, thirty-eight miles up Wanganui River,

Oeo.—Site for township; fifteen miles from Opunake; hotel.

Opunake (township).—About forty miles from New Plymouth, and thirty-five from Hawera; only place on coast where vessels can shelter; bay very picturesque; A.C. station; head quarters Armed Constabulary; centre of farming district.

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Patea.—Town in Taranaki province, formerly known as Carlyle; river navigable for small steamers and coasting craft; governed by Mayor and Corporation; Resident Magistrate; Government Offices.

Palmerston North.—The chief town of Manawatu county, and the best laid out town on the coast; contains good hotels and stores; centre of a large timber trade, grain, and cereals; sixty-three miles from Wanganui; twenty-four from Foxton.

Pungarehu.—Eleven miles from Opunake on New Plymouth Road; A.C. redoubt; branch to Parihaka.

Parihaka.—One and three-quarter miles from Pungarehu; Te Whiti's pah.

Pipiriki.—Native pah and settlement, fifty miles up Wanganui River.

Paketapu.—Native settlement, seventy miles up Wanganui River.

Rangitikei District and County.—A wealthy county and district, containing the towns of Marton and Bulls, numerous Stealthy sheep and cattle stations, the townships of Croflon, Greatford, Sanson, and others, intersected by good, well-kept roads; a road from here to Taupo.

Ruapehu Mountain.—About seventy miles' from Wanganui (north east), thirty-five from Taupo Lake, and twelve from Tongariro. Ruapehu is 9,000 feet high, snow-capped, and easy of ascent.

Ranana.—Native pah, forty-five miles up Wanganui River; Major Kemp's residence.

Rhakora.—Native pah, 110 miles up Wanganui River.

Rahotu.—Hotel, house, and abandoned redoubt; most picturesquely situated, six miles from Opunake.

Stratford.—Railway Station, and township; thirty miles from New Plymouth.

St. John's Hill.—Suburb of Wanganui.

Tongariro (Mountain).—Volcano; twelve miles north of Rua-pehu; only slightly active at long intervals; accounted sacred by natives.

Turakina.—Railway Station, and township of picturesque appearance; twenty-four miles south of Wanganui by rail.

Tawhitinui.—Native pah; forty-eight miles up Wanganui River.

Taumaranui.—139 miles up Wanganui River; will be of great importance as the terminus of navigation, and commencement of main road to central railway.

Upokongaro—(See Kennedy's).

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Utopu.—Native pah; sixty miles up Wanganui River.

Virginia Lake (St. John's Hill).—Nearest source from which the Town of Wanganui is supplied with water.

Wanganui (county, river, and town).—Chief town on the West Coast, North Island, and centre of shipping trade for the Wanganui and Rangitikei counties; the river is the most important on the Island, and will soon be navigable for 130 miles by steamboat; governed by Mayor and Corporation, Harbour Board; sittings of Supreme Court and District Court are held here; numerous good hotels, stores, shops, &c.

Wangaehu.—River, and Railway Station; native pah and settlement; nineteen miles south of Wanganui.

Waverley.—Railway Station; township; hotels, stores, &c.; thirty-two miles north of Wanganui; centre of extensive grazing and farming district.

Waitotara.—Railway Station; township; river; hotels; there are caves with human remains, well worthy of a visit, in the locality.

Whakora.—Native pah; ninety-one miles up Wanganui River.

Whenuakura.—Railway Station; farming district; five and a half miles from Patea,

Westmere Lake.—Four miles from Virginia Lake; a fine sheet of water, presented to the town by Mr. W. H. Watt for the water supply.

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