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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 62



There are many other industries in the Colony, but I should probably weary you were I to attempt anything like a detail account of them; I will, therefore, only briefly refer to the coal trade of the country, and then generally revise the total of our industries. Coal is found throughout New Zealand, and mines are worked in Auckland, Nelson, Canterbury, and Otago. Of the coal raised the bituminous is of excellent quality, and engineers of local steamers esteem it 20 per cent, better than the best New South Wales coal for steam purposes. We could not have a better evidence of the value of this coal than the fact that H.M.S. Calliope was, on account of using it, enabled to weather the disastrous hurricane at Samoa which played such havoc with vessels of other nations, and escape to sea. For gas works and iron foundries the coal is eagerly sought after, even at an advance of 10 to 20 per cent, on the price of other coal. An estimate of the coal supply of the Colony has recently been made, and the total quantity is roughly estimated at 444 million tons. The output of coal for 1890 was 637,000 tons, making an aggregate of 6,456,000 tons already raised.