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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 62

Capabilities of Soil

Capabilities of Soil.

As to the capabilities of the soil, New Zealand is pre-eminently a grazing country: wherever there is light and moisture (and both are pretty general) all English page 20 grasses flourish, and the growth is all but continuous throughout the whole year; at any rate, this may be safely said of the North Island. Wherever the indigenous growth of bush or fern is cleared away grasses will grow and take possession of the soil; indeed, white clover will even overcome the fern. It is not an absolute necessity that cattle should be housed for several months during the winter as in England, as stock will live, though in varying conditions, on what they can pick up when turned out. In order, however, to get the best results from dairy cows, it is advisable to put them in at night for perhaps three or four months during the winter.