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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 52

Social and Economic Results of Free Trade

Social and Economic Results of Free Trade.

The number of paupers relieved in England and Wales on the 1st January, 1849, the first year of the present statistics, was 934,419, the population being 17,564,000; on the 1st January, 1884, the number of paupers was 774,310, and the population 26,951,000. In 1849 the proportion relieved to population was 1 in 18; in 1884 it was 1 in 34.

The amount expended in poor relief per head of the population was the same in 1883 as in 1845, viz., 6s., a fact largely attributable to increased humanity in the treatment of the poor, but the rateable value of the property assessed to the Poor Rate increased from £62,540,000 in 1841 to £141,407,686 in 1883.

The Total Capital of the Savings' Banks was £24,474,000 in 1841; it was £86,756,000 in 1884.

The Total Traffic Receipts of Railways were £4,535,000 in 1843, and £71,062,000 in 1883.

The Total Assessment of Income Tax in Great Britain in 1842 was £251,000,000; in 1882 it was £565,251,000.