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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 50

University of New Zealand. — Mental Science. — Paper b. Logic

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University of New Zealand.

Mental Science.

Paper b. Logic.

1.Expound the distinction between Connotative and Non-connotative Names, and briefly discuss the question whether (a) Abstract Names, and (b) Proper Names are in any instances to be regarded as Connotative.
2.Point out the main difficulties connected with the word "some" as employed in Logic, distinguishing the case in which it is attached to the Subject from that in which (according to Hamilton's doctrine) it is attached to the Predicate.
3.Discuss the relation between Categorical and Hypothetical Judgments or Propositions, examining the attempt to reduce the latter to the former, as well as the attempt to reduce the former to the latter.
4.Represent by any Symbolic method known to you the following propositions, and state what inferences can be drawn from them (taken together):—
(1)Every A is either B or C.
(2)Nothing which is both B and D is at the same time A.
5.What do you take to be the ultimate ground of Induction? Do we by assuming some fundamental axiom of Induction necessarily reduce the process to a form of Deduction?page 2
6.Compare any two views respecting the nature and ground of Probability.
7.Explain the scientific idea of Impossibility, and show how the progress of scientific discovery has modified the conception.
8.Investigate the principal difficulties in the way of a scientific classification of Fallacies, and inquire how far they have been overcome.