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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 50

University of New Zealand. — Greek Language and Literature. — Paper c. — (Paper b for Senior Scholarships.)

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University of New Zealand.

Greek Language and Literature.

Paper c.

(Paper b for Senior Scholarships.)

Translate into Greek (with accents):—

A. After a short rest, Alexander advanced into the plain to rejoin his generals, who had by this time completed the bridge, and having crossed the river, proceeded by forced marches toward Persepolis. His speed was quickened by a letter which he received on the road from Tiridates, the governor of the city, offering to surrender the treasures, but expressing his fears that he should not be able long to preserve it from plunder. As he approached the capital, he is said to have been met by a multitude of Greeks, who had been transported, it seems, from Asia Minor—for what offence is not recorded—and had been barbarously mutilated. The fact itself, though omitted by Arrian, is consistent enough with Persian usages to be perfectly credible, and perhaps had some connexion with the events that followed; for Alexander, though he met with no resistance, and found the treasure untouched, permitted his soldiers to plunder the city, which seems to have surpassed both Babylon and Susa, as well in the opulence of its inhabitants as in the hoard of the crown.

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B. Political philosophy, according to Plato, is the history of those changes which the will of man produces in the matter of government and laws, and an endeavour to limit these changes by restoring in the social world the primitive order and rule. Education is the means by which those changes are counteracted. It avails itself of that principle of contrariety by which all changes are carried on, and endeavours to expel the evil by inducing the good. The process by which it carries on this effect is a discipline of the intellect, prescribed by the state, and promoted by all its institutions and customs, formed, as these are supposed to be, after the idea of the sovereign good. That discipline lays down a course of exercise for the body as well as for the intellect, that the body may be brought into the best condition in order to the exercise of the intellect.