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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 50

University of New Zealand. — Mental Science. — Paper b. Logic

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University of New Zealand.

Mental Science.

Paper b. Logic.


What is meant by saying that Logic is both a Science and an Art? As a Science distinguish it from Psychology, and as an Art distinguish it from Rhetoric.


Unfold the distinction between Concrete and Abstract Terms.

Under which head would you place the following:—Red, Idea, Government.


Give the several logical "Opposites" of the proposition "No men are infallible," and state which of them are known to be true if the original is denied.


Describe, and illustrate by a concrete example if possible, the moods known as Camestres and Darapti, and reduce them to the First Figure.


Define and illustrate the fallacy known as that of Accident, together with its opposite.

How is this fallacy related to that of Equivocation or Ambiguous Middle?

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Briefly expound and examine (a) the view that all Induction is Deduction, and (b) the view that all Deduction is Inductive.


Distinguish between the popular and the scientific idea of Cause, and argue the question whether the logician is at liberty to conceive of the Cause as simultaneous with the Effect.


What is a Hypothesis, and what purpose does it serve?

When does a supposition become a legitimate Hypothesis, and when does a Hypothesis cease to be a Hypothesis, and become a Truth of Science?