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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 48

New Zealand, — Department I. Mining, Metallurgy, and Their products

page 1

New Zealand,

Department I. Mining, Metallurgy, and Their products.

Class 100.

I—Auckland Committee.
  • Tailings from Mines at the Thames, for Testing—
    1.From Moanatari Gold Mining Company
    2.From Moanatari Gold Mining Company
    3.From Moanatari Gold Mining Company
    4.From Alburina Gold Mining Company
    5.From Waiotahi Gold Mining Company
    6.From Waiotahi Gold Mining Company
    7.From Kurunni Hill United Gold Mining Company
    8.From Caledonian Mining (quartz yielded 1 oz. to ton)
    9.From Golden Calf Gold Mining Company
    10.From Premier Gold Mining Company
Three Specimens of Auriferous Quartz from the Thames—
1.From Moanatari Gold Mining Company at Thames
2.From Caledonian Gold Mining Company at Thames
3.From Long Drive Gold Mining Company at Thames
page 2
2—Bank of New Zealand.
  • Specimens from the New Zealand Gold Fields
    1—3.Auriferous Quartz from the Thames Gold Fields
    4—10.Models of Ingots of Gold and Silver as exported
    11—54.Samples of Alluvial Gold from Otago Gold Fields
3—Chapman, John Alwent, Dunedin—
  • Quartz Specimens from Thames, Auckland
  • Quartz Specimens from Macetown, Otago
  • Auriferous Quartz, and a Trophy, shewing the yield of Gold from New Zealand. Value, £36,227,114; 9,253,021 ozs. troy; 285 tons; 670 cubic feet; height, 36.5 feet; Base, 5.2 × 5.2 feet; Apex, 3.5 × 3.5 feet.
5—Cromwell Quartz Mining Company, Cromwell, Dunedin—
  • Specimens of Tailings for treatment
6—Douglas, George Brown, Macetown, Arrow, Lake County, Otago—
  • Quartz Reef Specimens from Macetown, Arrow River, Otago.
7—D'Urville Island Copper Mining Company (Limited)—.
  • Specimens of Copper Ore from D'Urville Island Copper Company (Limited.)
8—Edgar, John, Queenstown—
  • Specimens of Fossilized Fern Roots and Leaves, from Lake Wakatipu, Queenstown
9—Edwards, E. R., Thames—
  • Specimens of Gold-bearing Quartz, from Thames
10—Gardiner William, Moke Creek, near Queenstoum—
  • Copper Ore, specimens from Moke Creek
11—Hackett, T. R. (for Johnston and Co.) Aniseed Valley, Nelson—
  • Copper Stratum Specimens
  • Chrome Stratum Specimens

Description of the Copper Stratum in Aniseed Valley, Nelson.

The Copper Stratum in Aniseed Valley was discovered in 1878 by Messrs, Johnston, and is hence called "Johnston's Copper Stratum." It was first found in the centre of the belt of Serpentine Rock, known as the Mineral Belt, in the immediate vicinity of a former chrome ore working.

The copper-bearing stratum runs in the same direction as the surrounding serpentine rock, of which it is only a portion, but in its northerly course it is interrupted by a mass of volcanic breccia, from which possibly its contents of copper may have originated.

page 3

The copper occurs in a native state almost equally interspersed through the whole mass to a thickness of about 8 feet. The stratum has been traced, copper-bearing, for a length of 250 feet, the average contents being 5 to 6 per cent, of copper, disseminated through the mass in minute irregular grains.

In the natural cleavages of the rock constituting this stratum, the copper is not visible, and it can only be seen in a fracture made across the grain, which makes it difficult to trace on the surface, and which will probably account for this deposit not having been previously observed.

The great practical value of the stratum consists in the facility with which the copper can be extricated, inasmuch as nearly the whole of the grains of metal can be panned off from the pounded mass, as easily as gold can be panned from crushed quartz, and it can consequently be saved by a crushing machine similarly to gold, or rather, similarly to tin or lead ore as treated in Europe.

At present the proprietors are endeavouring to open up the stratum in its southern continuation, and are also making a cart road to it, with a view to its eventual working on a large scale.

12—Hematite Paint Company, Nelson, New Zealand—
  • Specimens of Raw Hematite Ore
  • Specimens of Calcined Hematite Ore
  • Specimens of Paint from Hematite Ore
  • Specimens of Crystaline Limestone, from Para Para, Collingwood, Nelson
13—Jackson, H. D. Nelson—
  • Specimens of Ores and Regulus
  • Specimens of Copper Brick
  • Specimens of Silver (pure 19 oz.) from Richmond Hill Mine
14—Johnston Bros, and Co., Nelson—
  • Specimens of Galena and Silver Lead Ore, Collingwood
  • Specimens of Zinc Blende, Collingwood
15—Low, William, Maori Point, Shotover, Queenstown—
  • Specimen of Specular Ironstone, from Maori Point, Shotover, Queenstown
  • The Sample is water-worn as found on the Terraces. Lode, from 3 feet 4 inches thick
16—Martin, Charles Henry, Mt. Hamburg, Wakapuaka, Nelson—
  • Rock, from Mount Hamburg
  • Excellent Road-metal, owing to its forming a good cement when well watered, and making a durable binding surface
17—McCaffrey, Edward, Sculptor, Queenstown—
  • Specimens
    2.Marble, from the head of Lake Wakatipu
    3.Freestone, fossil leaf, from Fews Creek
    4.Freestone, light yellow, Fews Creek
    5.Freestone, different grain, Fews Creek
    6.Freestone, green, Fews Creekpage 4
    7.Gypsum, from head of Lake Wakatipu
    8.Gypsum, from head of Lake Wakatipu
    9.Freestone, fine grain
    10.Freestone, cream or light green
    11.Freestone, with coal specimens
    12.Freestone, crest of quarry, with fossil wood
    14.Mineral, gold found under it
    15.Stone with broken shell
    16.Limestone, with large shell
    17.Freestone, dressed
    18.Freestone, partly dressed, fine grain

The freestone is imperishable, can be turned out from 1 ft. to 20 ft. for pillars any thickness and size, obtainable for building. Price at quarry, 2s. 6d. per cubic foot, free on board lake steamer. Freight to Kingston Railway Station, 10s per ton.

18—Moffett, William, Invercargill—
  • Tailings, from Geelong Claim, Longwood Ranges, Southland—
19—Mount Rangitoto Silver/ Mining Company (Limited)—
  • Specimen of Silver Ore (Crushed), from Rangitoto Mine, Hokitika
20—Stansell, John B., Christchurch—
  • Specimens of Iron Ore and Small Ingot, from Para Para, Nelson
21—Warren, William, J. P., Queenstown—
  • Specimen of Copper Ore, found between Lake Wakatipu and West Coast
22—White Island Sulphur Company, Auckland—
  • Specimens of Crude Ore and Flowers of Sulphur, n anu-factured by the Company
23—Williams, Cornwell Joseph, Thames—
  • Specimen of Silver Lead Ore, from Tareru Creek
24—Wohshington, John S., Queenstown—
  • Specimens of Iron Sand
  • Occurs in large quantities at Queenstown
25—Gardiner, Walter, Moke Creek, Wakatipu—
  • Three Specimens of Copper Ore
page 5

Class 101.

40—Bat of Islands Coal Company, Kawa Kawa Colliery, Bay of Islands—
  • Specimens of Coal, from Bay of Islands
  • Glance Coal, shewing every stage from Brown Coal to Anthracite
41—Brunner Coal Company, Brunnerton, Grey River—
  • Specimen of Coal, two blocks, from Brunner Mine, Grey River. Price, 12s 6d per ton, shipped
  • Specimen of Coke. Half-ton. Manufactured from screenings of the above. Price, £2 per ton, shipped
42—Coal Pit Heath Coal Mining Company (Limited), Greymouth—
  • Section of 18-ft. Coal-seam, from the Company's mine
  • 12s. per ton, delivered on board ship at Greymouth
43—Gardner, James, Birchwood, Southland—
  • Specimen of Coal, from Birchwood Estate, Southland
44—Green Island Coal Company (Limited), Dunedin—
  • Specimens of Brown Coal from the Green Island Mines
45—Murray, Dalgleish and Company, Nightcaps, Southland—
  • Specimen of Coal, from Nightcaps, Southland
46—Shag Point Coal Company, (Limited), Dunedin—
  • Specimen of Coal
47—Walton Park Coal Company, (Limited), Dunedin—
  • Samples of Brown Coal from the Company's pits, Green Island, near Dunedin
48—Westport Colliery Company, Westport—
  • Specimen of Coal, and Pillar shewing one half the thickness of the 30-foot seam, Mount Rochfort Mine
49—Williams, Capt. W. R., Wellington—
  • Specimens of Coal (Soft Smithy), from Wellington Mine
  • Specimens of Coal (Soft Smithy), from Wellington Westport
50—Wilson, W., Malvern, Christchurch—
  • Specimens of Coal (Bituminous) seam 6-ft. 6-in,
  • Specimens of Coal (Anthracite) seam 2-ft. 10-in., from Malvern Hills, Canterbury
page 6

Class 102.

51—Canterbury Marble Company, Christchurch
  • Marble, red and grey specimens, from Canterbury Marble Quarry Company
52—Daniel, William, Dipton, Oreti, Southland—
  • Specimens of Stone from quarry at Dipton, Southland
53—Edwards, E. R., Thames—
  • Specimen of Building Stone
54—Enys, J. D., Trellisic, Canterbury—
  • Specimen of Building Stone from Castle Hill, West Coast Road
55—Haast, Professor Julius Von., Ph.D., F.R.S., Director of Canterbury Museum—
  • Building Stones of Canterbury
    I.Trachyte, from a vertical dyke 16 feet broad. Cap Peak, Banks Peninsula; Butterfield's Quarry.
    II.Trachyte, from a dyke 26 feet broad. Heathcote Valley, Banks' Peninsula; Thompson's Quarry.
    III.Trachyte, from a dyke 20 feet broad. Heathcote Valley, Banks' Peninsula; Thompson's Quarry.
    IV.Porphyritic Dolerite, from a dyke 18 feet broad. Banks' Peninsula; Teape's Quarry.
    V.Porphyritic Dolerite Lava. Northern spur of Banks' Peninsula (Hillock's Gully), Banks' Peninsula.
    VI.Porphyritic Dolerite Lava. Northern Spur of Banks' Peninsula; Tait's Quarry.
    VII.Anamesite, from a lava stream (submarine), 26 feet thick. Timaru; Kirby's Quarry.
    VIII.Quartziferous Porphyry. Governor's Bay, Banks' Peninsula; Hodgson's Quarry.
    IX.Calcareous Sandstone (Oamaru formation). Mt. Somers; Cox's Quarry.
    X.Calcareous Sandstone (Waipara formation). Mt. Brown; Sheath's Quarry.
    XI.Calcareous Limestone (Oamaru formation). Kakahu; Sheath's Quarry.
    XII.Calcareous Limestone (Oamaru formation). White Rock (near Ashley); Nelson's Quarry.
    XIII.Calcareous Limestone (Oamaru formation). Coal Creek (near Timaru)' Pavitt's Quarry.
    XIV.Calcareous Limestone (Waipara formation). Castle Hill, West Coast Road; Enys' Quarry.
    XV.Doleritic Tnfa. Latter's Spur, Banks' Peninsula; Latter's Quarry.
    XVI.Trachyte Sandstone. Governor's Bay, Banks' Peninsula; Pott's Quarry.
    XVII.Carved Specimen of Castle Hill Stone; Enys' Quarry.

Building Stones of Canterbury.

The building stones of Canterbury are principally derived from two very distinct sources, of which the first, furnishing free-stones of excellent quality and generally of considerable hardnsss, is of volcanic origin.

page 7

These are mostly obtained from Banks' Peninsula, and are probably of middle tertiary age. The rest of the building stones, mostly of a calcareous nature, are derived from the upper portion of two well defined sedimentary deposits, named the Waipara and Oamaru formations, the first being of cretaceo-tertiary, and the latter of upper eocene or lower miocene age. The hard building stones of volcanic origin quarried in Banks' Peninsula are derived either from basaltic lava streams, in which case they are generally used for rubble and for dressed ashlar work, or they are taken from dykes generally of a trachytic character. These dyke rocks for every kind of architectural work are very useful, and form in many instances beautiful building stones of rich colour and fine texture.

The calcareous sandstones usually called limestones are of light colours, from brownish-grey to a creamy white, and of a varying degree of hardness, but they can all be cut with a saw when taken from the quarry. Afterwards they gradually become much harder when being exposed to the air, an excellent quality for a building stone of that class. An almost unlimited supply of this building material can he obtained.

56—Hacket, T. R., for Johnston Stratum Company, Aniseed Valley, Nelson—
  • Specimen of Marble.
57—Munro, G., Dunedin—
  • Specimens of New Zealand Marble (polished and rough)
  • Specimens of Kakanui Stone, viz.:—
  • Clock Case, made from Knkanui Stone
  • 2 pieces of White Marble, cut and polished, from Caswell Sound
  • 2 pieces of Dove-coloured Marble, from Caswell Sound
  • 4 samples of K.K. best quality Kakanui Stone
  • 1 samples of K. second quality Kakanui Stone
58—New Zealand Agricultural Co., Southland—
  • Specimens of Building Stone
59—Oamaru Stone Company (Limited), Omaru—
  • Stone Column with capitals, Cornice and Balusters
  • Specimens of Stone, undressed
60—Otago Slate Company, (Limited) Otepopo, Otago—
  • Samples of Slates, quarried from the Company's Quarries, viz.,
    (1)Slab, 3 ft. 9in. × 1 ft. 8½in.
    (2)12 Slates 20 × 10 (Countess)
    (3)5 pieces of Slate, split thin to show cleavage
61—Port Chalmers Building Stone Company, Dunedin—
  • Sample of Base Course Blue Stone
  • Sample of Kerbing Stone
62—Stansell, John B., Christchurch—
  • Specimen of Marble
63—Wilson, J., Malvern, Christchurch—
  • Specimen of Building Stone, from White Rock Quarry, Canterbury
page 8

Class 103.

70—Dunedin Harbour Board
  • Cement Boulders from Sea Beach, Port Moeraki, Otago
71—Eldred, E., Few's Creek, Lake Wakatipu—
  • Specimens of Limestone from Few's Creek, Lake Wakatipu, Otago
  • Supply unlimited, price for Burnt Lime, 5s per sack, delivered at the Bluff Harbour
72—Munro, George, Dunedin—
  • Six samples of Hydraulic Cement in its native state
73—O'Neill, Charles, C. E., Wellington—
  • Artificial Caithness Flagging, patented by the Exhibitor, 12 × 33 feet, laid at the Main or West Entrance to the Garden Palace

Class 104.

80—Austin and Kirk, Christchurch—
  • Specimens of Fire Clay and Ganaster
81—Boyd, George, Newton, Auckland—
  • Specimen of Fire Clay Bricks and Puzzolana
82—Brunner Coal Company, Brunnerton, Grey River—
  • Samples of Fire Clay (ground aud unground) from seam, underlying coal in Brunner Mine, from 2 feet to 5 feet thick. Value £2 per ton, shipped
  • Sample of Fire Bricks, manufactured from above clay. Value £6 per 1000, shipped
83—Edwards, E. R., Thames—
  • Potter's China Clay, from Thames
  • Potter's Felspar Clay, from Thames
84—Ford and Ogden, South Malvern, White Cliffs, Christchurch—
  • Fire Bricks
  • Fire Clays
85—Gum and Spence, Lawrence, Tuapeka, Otago—
  • Specimens of Pipe Clay
  • Has been successfully manufactured at the Dunedin and Milton Potteries
page 9

86—Hacket, T. R., for Johnston and Co., Stratum Co., Aniseed Valley, Nelson—Steatite

87—Munro, George, Dunedin—
  • Sample of Pottery Clay
88—Stansell, John B., Christchurch—
  • Sample of Glass-making Sand
  • Sample of Pottery Clay

Class 106.

95—Pawa Rika Lithographic Stone Company, Abbey Rocks, West-land—
  • Slabs of Lithographic Limestone

Class 107.

100—Archard, Frederick, Makaraka, Auckland—
  • Artesian Mineral Waters
101—Kelly and Fraser, Thames—
  • Mineral Waters from Puiri Springs, Thames
102—Thomas, J. A., Moutere, Nelson—
  • Fossil Shell from Wairoa, Nelson
103—White Island Sulphur Company
  • Specimens of Crystallized Gypsum

GroupMetallurgical Products.

Class 111.

110—Vivian, James Mitchell, New Plymouth, Taranaki
  • Specimens of—
    • Iron Sand from Taranaki Beach
    • Soil used as flux
    • Brick, prepared for smeltingpage 10
    • Pig Iron, after smelting
    • Pig Iron, polished
    • It is hoped that these samples from Taranaki may attract the attention of scientific men, and lead to the discovery of a process for smelting this sand that will be commercially successful.
    • Wheels for Railway carriages have been ordered by the Minister for Public Works in New Zealand, to be made out of Taranaki sand

GroupMine Engineering, Models, Maps, and Sections.

Class 120.

120—Climo, William, Tararu, Thames
  • Specimens illustrating a Chlorine Process for obtaining gold from tailings

Class 121.

130—Beetham, George, Wellington—
  • Model of Mount Ruapehu, the central extinct volcanic mountain in the North Island. The summit was for the first time explored by Messrs. Beetham and Maxwell, in February, 1879.
131—Coal Pit, Heath Coal Mining Company (limited), Greymouth—
  • Section of Coal Seam
132—Greymouth Local Committee, Westland—
  • Gilt Pyramid showing amount of Gold exported from Greymouth since 1857. 1,216,987 ozs., value £9,867,998
133—Hector, James, C.M.G., Wellington
  • Model of the Volcanic Mountain of Tangariro
134—Hokitika Local Committee
  • Model of Mining Claim "Morning Star," Ross, Westland
135—Hokitika Local Committee
  • Gilt Pyramid representing quantity of Gold exported from Hokitika from 1865 to 1879—2,032,339 ozs. Value £8,261,860
page 11

Class 122.

137—Haast, Professor Julius Von, Ph.D., F.R.S., Director of the Canterbury Museum—
  • Report on the Geology of Canterbury and Westland, New Zealand
138—Hector, James, C.M.G., M.D., F.R.S., Director of the Colonial Museum and Geological Survey of New Zealand—
  • Relief Map of New Zealand
  • Relief Map of New Zealand, Geologically coloured
  • Geological Maps of New Zealand, dated 1865, 1869, 1873, 1879, shewing the progress of the Geological Survey of New Zealand.
  • Plans, Sections, and Local Geological Maps
  • Plans and Sections of Coal, and other Mines of New Zealand