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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 48

A Classification Somewhat Suitable to the British Races

A Classification Somewhat Suitable to the British Races.

1.Reasoners and reasoning formalists, including all who, while possessing perhaps very large formal power, are also able to invent great and useful ideas for themselves and others; excellent judges, the greater historians, generals and other rulers,
2.Reasoning imaginatives are those poets and poetical writers and thinkers whose reason effectually governs their large imagination, nearly at all times. Shakspeare and some few other writers, also some rulers of men. Politicians of this type of mind are, notwithstanding their reason, at times more likely to go beyond their strength than are the formalists.
3.Reasoning Self-asserters.—Those who, while not devoid of formalism yet are not over strong on that group of organs; when their reason is sufficiently powerful they make most excellent orators, politicians, business men, diplomatists and leaders in peace and war, being particularly successful in command of small parties, where ready wit is sometimes better than book tactic; also their warmth of friendly nature endears them to the men they command, although at times they may be somewhat rough in manner; that is, however, a matter of training, all can and should be gentlemen in the future. In all commands connected with the sea, they are hardly to be excelled.
4.Formal Reasoners while being thorough formalists, yet show great reasoning power in applying the forms. These make excellent accountants, conveyancers, heads of department, and formal business men.
5.Imaginative reasoners are the poetical writers, actors, and thinkers of the second rank in intellect, although they also are of great value to humanity, nevertheless their reason too often permits the imagination to lead them astray, the latter being the greater in power; this is a somewhat dangerous stratification of mind for individuals born to it (as well as for nations so trained) and requires strict self-examination and will power to keep it within bounds. As well as poets and novelists these make special pleaders, good at exaggerating all points in favour of their case.
6.Conscentious Formalists.—Those who constantly desire to carry out their forms to the fullest extent, but are incapable of inventing anything of importance. They make good accountants and sound copyists if rightly page 30 taught; but are apt to degenerate into tyrants when in independent power, or to be servile flatterers of the mob when they have to consult the public as elected officials. When such men have not received a sufficiently strong formal education, they are excessively dangerous to the people. Setting their reason and imagination at work as imaginative reasoners (not their correct class) to gain political power as orators, and often they succced by means of utter carelessness as to facts or even possibilities, thus imposing npon the working classes who naturally are unable to classify men, if those who should teach them cannot do it.
7.Acquisitive formalists—Those who apply their possibly large reason and formalism principally to economical purposes. When they are sufficiently intellectual they become most useful politicians, accountants, and business men for their own purposes, or for the national good; such men are often generous, and yet careful in spending, as they are clever in gaining money. The better minds of this class have no right to be placed so low down on the list as I have written them, but the lower intellects belonging to it are often despicably mean.
8.Formal self-asserters suitable for mechanical and clerk labour, and also for seeing that others labour rightly.
9.Self-asserting formalists, those who work with a will as directed.
10.Self-asserting reasoners of the inferior type are men who should have been formalists, but from false training prefer to use their reason often in applying forms to bad purposes. The Australian larrikins are usually of this class.

As to the brutal natures who permit, either willingly or unwillingly, their mere animal passions to guide them, they need not be further alluded to here, as their existence will not be necessary in the time to come. The exact classification of the lower intellects is at the present time not needed, although doubtless it will have to be done eventually. Conscientious and acquisitive formalists are sometimes of very large capacity, as inventors or reasoners, naturally preferring to act in accordance with the forms they have learned, but nevertheless able to invent expedients when those rules will not answer. From his physiognomy, as well as biography, the great Duke of Wellington was certainly a conscientious, but not particularly acquisitive formalist, and was a most remarkably persistent specimen. In his own profession of war he must have been ready enough with expedients, otherwise he could not have been so great a general; but as a politician, from perhaps not thoroughly comprehending the real meaning of political matters—not having so thoroughly studied them—he seemed not to know when he must drop the older forms and give into the people's will: thus, he who had never been beaten in war had to capitulate to public opinion under threat of revolution. Nelson, judging both from personal appearance and from history, was almost a pure reasoner, and naturally rather too prone to act in opposition to orders received from men more formal than himself; he would have been more at home in the coming than in the past ages.

Specimens of different stratifications of intellect, arising from various causes, both natural and artificial, that is by means of peculiar religious and political training:

The Original Savage. 1st Stage.

1.Reason or cunning.
2.Destructive and protective organs.