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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 48


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Chapter. Page.
1.—Introduction—"Squatting" v. "Settlement"—Sir Julius Vogel's Scheme—State of Colony in 1870 5
2.—Extracts from Speech of Sir J. Vogel—Proposed Grants of Land for Railways—Extracts from Speeches of Messrs. Richmond, Travers, Jollie, and Rolleston—Mr. Rolleston's Change of Sides 9
3.—Hawkes Bay in 1859—Some Canterbury Journals Contrasted—Crosbie Ward in The Canterbury Rhymes—Extracts from the Speeches of Messrs. Stafford, McAndrew, McGilliway, Gillies, Fox, Stevens, aud Fitzherbert 14
4.—Extracts from Speeches of Messrs. Brandon, Kelly, Ormond, Creighton, Sir D. McLean, Messrs. Williamson, Driver, &c.—Mr. Vogel's Reply—The Division, Lower House 20
5.—Extracts from Speeches of Messrs. Fitzherbert, Richmond, Carleton, Rolleston, Williamson, &c. 20
6.—Legislative Council—Extracts from Speeches of Hon. Messrs. Gisborne, Holmes, Campbell, Robinson, aud Wigley 28
7.—Lower House—Extracts from Speeches of Messrs. Williamson, Mervyn, and Sir J. Vogel—The Second Division 32
8.—The Land not properly Settled—Comparison between Australian Colonies and United States—American Statistics—New Zealand Statistics—Small Farms in America—Settlement in Manitoba, and Iowa—Emigration from Europe to United States 33
9.—New Zealand Statistics—E. Wakefield's List of Large Estates—Mr. McKerrow's Report on the Lands remaining in the Possession of the Crown—The Large Estates compared with Selectors' Blocks—Large Estates in Timaru District—Dittu, in Oamaru District 38
10.—The Hundreds System in Otago—The London Times on Squatting in Australia—The Future of Timaru—The Runs in South Canterbury—Settlement in South Canterbury—Advantages Enjoyed by the Runholders—Pre-emptive Rights—Gridironing—Spotting 44
11.—Difficulties in the way of Settlement—Young Men of Education—Station Hands—Land Sharking—Squatting in the United States—Protection of New Zealand as a British Colony 48
12.—The Land Regulations—Fencing and Impounding Ordinances—Road Boards—Roads in South Canterbury—Rates and Valuations—Three Careers: the Squatter, the Farmer, the Civil Servant 51
13.—The Subdivision of Large Estates necesasry—Statistics of the Liabilities of New Zealand Debt per head of population—Ditto, in other Countries—United States' Debt—Expenditure in New Zealand out of all Proportion to Population—Good Land in Large Estates—Small Farmers on Bad Laud—Small Holders crushed out by Large ones 56page break
14.—Farm Labourers in New Zealand and in England—Establishment of Local Manufactures frustrated through Lack of Country Population—Towns too large for same reason—Falling off in Wheat Area in England—Flour Mills, &c.—Small Farms in France—Early Setlement in United States contrasted with Australian Colonies 61
15.—The Feudal System compared with the Squatting System—Married Men on Stations—Colonial System of Labour—Origin of Larrikinism—Wife Desertion—Model Stations—The Stations in the hands of Absentee Companies—The Levels Estate—The Company's Operations as affecting New Zealand Finances—The Companies in Otago 64
15.—The Estate-owner's Position—Taxation and Civil War at Buenos Ayres—Scheme of Taxation of Large Estates—Comparison with Customs Revenue—Land Pledged as Security for Loans—Leasing Farms—Price of Land in America—The proposed Sale of the Railways 68
17.—The Hall Ministry—The Bank Crisis—The Credit of the Colony run down—Retrenchment begun at the wrong end—Recapitulation of Proceedings of the Hall Government—Taxation—Railways—Probable Course in the Future—Property Tax v. Land Tax—Public Dissatisfaction 74
18.—Present State of the Colony—Disastrous Collapse—Prosperity of United States—"Class against Class"—Sir George Grey's true character—Conclusion 80

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