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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 48

Annual Report and Balance Sheet of the Caledonian Society of Otago [1878-79]

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Annual Report and Balance Sheet of the Caledonian Society of Otago

coat of arms

Dunedin: A. Sligo, Bookseller and Stationer. George Street.

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Seventeeth Annual Report and Balance Sheet of the, Caledonian Society of Otago

The Directors have much pleasure in submitting to the Members the Seventeenth Annual Report and Balance Sheet of the operations of the Society.

The net balance at credit of Profit and Loss Account is L4361 11s 4d. The grounds, grand stand, fence, plant, and care-taker's cottage remain at the official valuation given by Mr. Calder last year.

Revenue.—The total receipts for the year just ended are L2198 4s 5d, as against L1983 0s 3d the previous year—notwithstanding there are 39 fewer members on the roll.

Gatherings.—The Annual Gathering in January was most successful, and shows an increase in the takings of L205 1s 9d over the former Gathering. The usual Gathering on Easter Monday was not held, the grounds having been let to the Otago Athletic Association, from which the sum of L51 3s was derived.

Rentals from Recreation Grounds.—The revenue derived from letting the Recreation Grounds during the year amounts to L229 19s, being on increase of L75 on any previous season.

Leaseholds.—The sum of L141 6s 4d has been collected to date on account of rent of leaseholds, leaving a balance of L196 8s 8d to be received.

Anderson's Bay Road.—Your Directors regret that the frontage to this road is still unlet, but trust that their successors in office will be able soon to utilize this valuable portion of the Society's property.

Expenditure.—The expenditure for this year includes L407 which should have been settled before, also exceptional expenses amounting to L131.

Grand Stand.—The severe gale of last October having damaged portion of the roof, your Directors expended a sum of L81 14s 4d in thoroughly overhauling and strengthening it and repainting the stand.

Evening Classes.—The cost of the Classes this session is L224 11s, less L108 7s received by way of fees. From the official report herewith appended you will learn that 385 pupils attended the classes, and that great good has been done by this means.

Your Directors trust that the efforts of their successors will tend still further to promote the prosperity and usefulness of the Society.

W. C. Kirkcaldy,

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Balance Sheet of the Caledonian Society of Otago, August 31, 1879.

Rebenue. £ s. d. £ s. d. Invercargill Band ... ... 38 0 0 Dagg and Thomas ... ... 28 0 0 Tyson and Thomas ... ... 23 17 6 Promenade Concert ... ... 9 0 8 Goodfellow and Shepherd ... 21 8 6 Hibernian Society ... ... 50 0 0 Hudson and Tiffen ... ... 5 3 6 Easter Monday Sports .. ... 51 3 0 Brooks and Allen—Two Matches ...3 6 0 229 19 2 Annual Gathering, Entries ... 46 12 6 " " Gate Money ... 783 8 9 " " Booths & Privileges 401 9 6 " " Cards of Sports 44 5 6 1,275 16 3 Members' Subscript ions... ... 239 5 0 Evening Classes, Fees ... ... 108 7 0 Grazing Account ... ... 6 2 0 Rent Account ... ... 338 15 0 Balance ... ... ... 33 18 4 £2,232 2 9 Expenditure. £ s. d. £ s. d. Education Account, 1877-8 ... 124 18 6 " 1878-9 ... 224 11 0 349 9 6 Donations ... ... ... 108 2 0 Prizes ... ... ... 448 6 0 Moneytakers, Checktakers, and Groundsmen ... ... 101 14 6 Band ... ... ... 48 18 0 Printing, Stationery, and Advertising, 1877-8... ... 105 9 0 Printing, Stationery, and Advertising, 1878-9... ... 93 4 9 198 13 9 Grounds Improvement Account 105 1 11 Grand Stand Repairs and Painting ... ... 81 14 4 General Expenses ... ... 56 6 5 Legal Expenses ... ... 94 4 10 Interest ... ... 447 2 2 Groundsman ... ... 100 16 0 Secretary ... ... 91 13 4 £2,232 2 9

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Liabilities. £ s. d. Mortgage ... ... ... ... 4000 0 0 Bank of New South Wales ... ... 1585 10 0 Sundry Creditors ... ... ... 101 13 10 Teachers' Salaries ... ... ... 183 0 0 Balance, Profit and Loss Account... ... 4395 9 8 £10,265 13 6 Assets. £ s. d. £ s. d. Freehold ... ... ... 7200 0 0 Grand Stand ... ... 1800 0 0 Fences ... ... ... 800 0 0 9800 0 0 Plant and Cottage ... ... 173 15 0 Books ... ... ... 25 0 0 Band ... ... ... 2 17 0 Educational Committee, 1877 6 5 0 Members' Subscriptions, 1877-8 7 0 0 " " 1878-9 17 0 0 Sundry Debtors ... ... 196 8 8 Cash in hand ... ... 3 9 6 223 18 2 Balance ... ... ... 33 18 4 £10,265 13 6 PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT. 1879. £ s. d. Aug. 31. To Balance ... ... ... 33 18 4 " Ditto Carried forward ... 4361 11 4 £4395 9 8 Audited and found correct, GEORGE FALCONER, J. T. ROBERTS, Auditors. 1878. £ s. d. Sept. 30. By Balance ... ... ... 4395 9 8 £4395 9 8 1879. Sept. 1, By Balance brought forward, £4361 11 4 GEORGE WATSON, Secretary and Treasurer.

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Closing of the Caledonian Society's Evening Classes.—session 1879.

The Annual Meeting and Distribution of Prizes in connection with the Caledonian Society's Classes took place in the large hall of the Athenæum, on the evening of Friday, 12th September. There were some 250 persons present. The chair was occupied by the president of the Society, Mr. W. C. Kirkcaldy, and on the platform were Messrs. Keith Ramsay, A. Sligo, W. D. Stewart (M.H.R.), G. M. Thomson, and A. R, Livingston. On the table in front of the Chairman there was an imposing array of books to be distributed in prizes, many of them being at once handsome in exterior and valuable as regards their contents.

The Chairman said: As President of the Caledonian Society, I have much pleasure in congratulating the teachers and pupils on the successful completion of the seventh session of the Society's classes. Mr. Ferguson, our superintendent, will read the official report, and as it is an interesting and exhaustive one, it will not be necssary I should make any remarks in introducing it.

Mr. J. L. Ferguson, Superintendent of the Society's classes, then read the annual report as follows:—

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen—I have the honour to submit to you the seventh annual report of the Caledonian Society's evening classes. You will see by the report and also by the reports and remarks of the several masters, that the classes have proved a great success this year. The number of pupils and the fees show an increase on those of last year. Three additional classes have been added—viz., Chemistry, Latin, and Shorthand; and the work, as a whole, has been better than in previous years. The classes were resumed in the second week of May. The Education Board, as in former years, granted to the Society's Educational Committee the use of eight of the class-rooms in the Normal School. The High School authorities also granted the lecture-room and laboratory connected with the High School for the use of the chemical class. The following scale of fees was adopted by the Committee for the course of four months:—Junior classes, 5s; senior classes, 7s 6d; mathematics, 7s 6d; engineers' class, 7s 6d; chemistry class, 7s 6d; shorthand class, 7s 6d; Latin class, 7s 6d. An extra fee of 2s 6d was charged to pupils belonging to any of the other classes who were desirous of attending the chemical class.

The following is a statement of the fees received at the different rates:—
182 at 5s £45 10 0
163 at 7s 6d 61 2 6
13 at 2s 6d 1 12 6
40 admitted free
Total 398 Total received from pupil; £108 5 0

The scale last year was:—Junior classes, 5s; senior classes, 7s 6d; mathematics, 10s; engineers' class, 10s; the total amount of fees received, £95 10s; number of pupils, 330. The number of scholars admitted this year, deducting the number who paid 2s 6d extra for chemistry, was 385. The fees last year amounted to £95 10s; this year, to £108 5s. This shows an increase of 35 pupils, and £12 15s in fees. The total cost of the page 7 classes—which is made up of teachers' salaries, prize fund, stationery, advertising, janitors, &c.—amounts to about £235. The fees, amounting to £108 5s, leave a balance of £126 15s, which is contributed from the funds of the Caledonian Society of Otago.

The following is a list of the number of pupils at each age who attended the classes during the session:—
Age. No.
11 3
12 9
13 48
14 71
15 73
16 60
17 38
18 22
19 25
20 9
21 11
22 5
23 1
24 3
25 3
27 1
28 1
38 1
44 1
Total 385
The occupations of the 385 pupils admitted to the classes arranged alphabetically are as follows:—
Architect 1
Bootmakers 11
Blacksmiths 7
Bricklayers 2
Booksellers 4
Boilermakers 4
Butchers 7
Builders 7
Brassfounders 2
Bookbinders 2
Bottlers 1
Bakers 11
Cabinetmakers 19
Carpenters 25
Compositors 2
Clerks 30
Cordial Manufacturer 1
Coach builders 2
Confectioners 3
Chemists 4
Carters 4
Collectors 3
Carriers 2
Carvers 3
Coppersmith 1
Drapers 17
Engineers 26
Engravers 3
Fishmongers 2
Framework Knitters 2
Guilders 2
Grainer 1
Gunsmith 1
Grocers 16
Journalist 1
Ironmongers 5
Jewellers 2
Hairdressers 2
Lithographer 1
Law Clerks 3
Labourer 1
Moulders 4
Masons 5
Message Boys 11
Millers 2
Machinists 2
Office Boys 24
Photographers 3
Plasterers 2
Patternmaker 1
Polishers 4
Plumbers 12
Printers 9
Painters 11
Students 2
Sawmaker 1
Storemen 4
Seedsmen 2
Salesmen 5
Sailmaker 1
Sailor 1
Saddlers 11
Soap makers 4
Ship Chandler 1
Tinsmiths 5
Teachers 2
Telegraphist 1
Tailors 7
Upholsters 6
Venetian Blind Maker 1
Wheelwrights 4page 8
Waiters 2
Watchmakers 2
Making 384
And one lad of 19
who describes him
self as "gentleman" 1
Total 385

The Masters and Their Classes.

The masters employed in conducting the various classes were:—Mr. Jackson, of the Otago Foundry, engineers' class; Mr. Kyle, of Ravens-bourne School, mathematics; Messrs. Kneen, of the Normal School and Worsop, of the North-East Valley School, senior classes; Messrs. Balsille, of the North School, and Cooke, of Albany-street School, junior classes; Mr. Wicks, formerly one of Professor Black's students, chemistry; Mr. M'Lean, Latin; and Mr. Smith, shorthand.

The numbers admitted to the various classes at the beginning of the sessions:—Mr Jackson (engineers'), 26; Mr Kyle's (mathematics), 21; Mr Wicks' (chemistry), 19; Mr McLean's (Latin), 7; Mr Smith's (Shorthand), 19; Mr Kneen's (senior), 58; Mr Worsop's (senior), 70; Mr Balsille's (junior), 78; Mr Cooke's (junior), 80; and 7 pupils taught by myself in book-keeping by single and double entry. About 265, or 68 per cent., continued their attendance to the end of the session. The percentage last year was 64.


In classifying the scholars written examinations were given, and no difficulty was experienced in placing them according to merit. The papers given in by the junior classes were no improvement on those of last year, many of the lads failing utterly in the simple rules of arithmetic. In my last year's report I took occasion to point out that it was a matter for regret that such elementary work should have to be undertaken by the Society's evening classes. Many of these lads, and a number who applied for admission, where under 11 years of age, should in justice to themselves be still attending the public schools. While the Society deserves the thanks of the community for undertaking this work, I think it will be unnecessary in the course of a year or two. The public are aware of the efforts made by the Education Board towards increasing the school accommodation in Dunedin, and I see by the reports of the last meeting of the Dunedin School Committee that by the beginning of 1880, from the increased school accommodation which will be available by that time, they will be in a position to enforce the compulsory clauses of the Education Act. When this has been in operation, say two years, the Society should no longer provide a master to undertake the 3rd standard work of our educational syllabus of instruction in the evening school.

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The following are the masters' reports of works accomplished:—

I.—Engineers' Class (Mr. Jackson's).

The number of students enrolled at the beginning of the session was twenty-six (26), which was maintained for several nights. It then dropped to 24, by-and-bye to 20, 19, 18, which was the number at the close of the session. The average attendance has been nearly 22, which, satisfactory as it is, would have been still better had not death removed two of my most constant students—viz., J. Caldwell and W. Chisholm. The students were arranged in two classes—junior and senior—and the work done ranged from the most elementary questions in mechanics and engineering to such advanced problems as would be set at a Board of Trade. Second and First Class Examination.—Both divisions were likewise drilled in those parts of arithmetic indispensible to the working out of engineering and mechanical problems, as, for example, the extraction of the square and cube roots, management of decimals, and the reduction and conversion of the three scales of temperature—Fahrenheit, Centigrade, and Reaumur. In addition to the class work, two practical demonstrations of the steam indicator were given—the one at Messrs Guthrie and Larnach's Factory, and the other at the Otago Foundry. These were nighly appreciated. Throughout the session the students were most respectful in their demeanour to myself, and earnest in the work of the class. Some of them have attained a very fair knowledge of the subjects gone over, showing considerable natural talent for scientific work such as should induce them to aim at a still higher standard of attainment. The prizes have been awarded partly for regularity of attendance and general excellence, and partly by competitive examination. At the beginning of the session our work was much impeded on account of bad light—indeed on one occasion we had to send out for candles. On this being represented to Mr Kirkcaldy and Mr Ferguson, they took steps to introduce gas, after which there were no grounds of complaiut on this score. In a city like Dunedin, where there are many hundred mechanics, an engineering class should present a much longer class-roll, and I shall be glad to see an improvement in this respect next session.

Prize Lists—Senior Class: Michael J. Moloney, 1; John Scott, 2; John Rose, 3; John M'George, good conduct and regular attendance. Junior Class: John Davis, 1; Robert Dickie, 2; Michael D. Dunne, 3; Alfred Perry, good conduct and regular attendance.

II.—Mathematics (Mr. Kyle's).

During this session I have confined my teaching wholly to algebra and geometry. In algebra those attending for the first year have got to simple equation, those for the second year to quadratic equation (Todhunter's Smaller Algebra), while those for the third year have gone through simple equation, evolution, indices, surds, and quadratic equation (Tex-book, Todhunter's Larger Algebra). In geometry, the first two books of Euclid have been gone over. Deductions were given out once a week, and were very creditably done by several. The home work, especially in algebra, has been very satisfactory, both in quality and in quantity. The conduct of the students throughout the session has been orderly and gentlemanly in the highest degree.

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Prize List—Lower Division: Prizeman—John M'Cune; honourable mention—William Mauley, Joseph Hendry, Henry Sheppard, William Hendry, and John M'Lennan. Second Division: Prizeman—George Bodley; honourable mention—Alexander Hendry. Upper Division: Prizeman—William Wilson; honourable mention—David Standfield. Geometry: Prizemen—William Wilson, 1; Alex. Hendry, 2.

III.—Chemistry (Mr. Wicks').

Lectures were delivered at the High School every Friday evening on oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, sulphur, phosphorus, chlorine, potassium, sodium, calcium, aluminium, gold, arsenicum, antimony, and iron, and a number of experiments to show the properties of each were performed. During the lectures the atomic theory, notation, and nomenclature were explained, also the methods of taking the specific gravity of solids, (fee. A description of the manufacture and uses of the barometer, thermometer, and other instruments used in the laboratory were given.

Prize List—J. W. Innes (instruction in the loboratory of University), 1; J. Rose and J. M'Farlane, equal, 2; David Standfield, 3.

IV.—Latin Class (Mr. M'Lean's).

Seven pupils enrolled themselves as members of this class. Six attended regularly during the greater part of the session, and five remained to the close. The book which we used throughout was the first part of Smith's "Principia Latina." The whole of the nouns, adjectives, and pronouns have been mastered, together with the greater portion of the verbs; and all the exercises prescribed, of turning Latin into English and English into Latin, have been carefully performed. I had every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of every member of the class, and also with the attention which they individually gave to my instructions. I may also state that I have been requested to continue the class during the summer recess, which, if sufficient encouragement offers, I have consented to do. This result will, no doubt, be regarded as encouraging by the friends and promoters of higher education. Whilst a knowledge of the rudimentary branches is admitted to be of the greatest importance, yet the advantages to be derived from the study of the Latin language should not be overlooked. Not only as a means for disciplining and training the mind to habits of study is it useful, but from the fact that one-third of all the words of the English language are derived from it, it must be obvious that great benefits must accure from the possession of some acquaintance with the Lain language. It is a great mistake to suppose, as many do, that to acquire a competent acquaintance with Latin is a most laborious and painful process. I speak from experience when I say that in six months a person may acquire such a knowledge of the principles of the language as may be useful to him for life.

Prize List—Charles Beeby, 1; Matthew Lewis Moss, 2; D. Waters, honourable mention.

V.—Shorthand (Mr. Smith's).

The work gone over has exceeded all anticipations. We commenced with Pitman's "Phonographic Teacher," going carefully through it into the "Manual," which we have also passed through, and translated several pieces from newspapers into phonography. With a few weeks' practice page 11 the pupils may hope to attain to the speed of 100 words per minute. The excellent progress made is solely to be attributed to the attention which has been given by my pupils throughout the session. I am highly pleased with the manner in which they have stuck to their work. Some have not made the progress that might have been desired, as the work of the other classes occupied so much of their time.

Prize List.—John Morrison, 1; Charles Young, 2; John Brown, 3; Fritz Cottrell, 4; F. E. Baume highly commended.

VI.—Senior Class (Mr. Kneen's).

The work gone over comprises—Bookkeeping by single entry, and the following rules of arithmetic:—Vulgar fractions, decimals, square measure, with many practical questions; square root, simple and compound interest, stocks, proportion, discount, and percentages. These rules have been thoroughly gone over, especially vulgar and decimal fractions, to which we devoted two entire months. A good knowledge of these having been attained, the rest of the work was extremely easy. The pupils have been most attentive, and nearly all of them did home exercises every night. The major part of the class I would strongly recommend to join Mr. Kyle's class for mathematics next session.

Prize List.—Arithmetic: James Farquharson, 1; Arthur Tidey, 2; John Robertson, 3; John Bevin, 4; Donald Maclean, 5. Bookkeeping: James Arthur, Thomas Mant, William J. Bardsley, Edward McFadyen, Samuel Jenkins, James Robertson, Archibald MacGregor, Alexander Dempster, Alexander Wilson, honourable mention.

VII.—Senior Class (Mr. Worsop's).

Work done by Senior Division—Vulgar and decimal fractions, simple and compound interest, square and circular measure, square root. Work done by Junior Division—Vulgar and decimal fractions, simple and compound proportion, and simple interest. In addition to the above work, a good number of both divisions have been learning bookkeeping, and those who were not doing so had a writing lesson instead. The conduct of the majority has been exceptionally good. As a rule the pupils have done their best to profit by the instruction given.

Prize List.-Senior Division: A. McCarthy, 1; William Pietersen, 2; James McPherson, 3; James Wallace, 4; William Terry, D. Douglass, and Peter Walker, honourable mention. Second Division: William Love, 1; Clement Beck, 2; George Arthur, 3; William Anderson, 4; John Leslie, Nisbet Binnie, and Henry Wallis, honourable mention.

VIII.-Junior Class (Mr. Balsille's).

This class has been worked in two divisions, as some were not equally advanced with their neighbours. The average attendance was fully 10 per cent, better than last year. The work gone over by the First Division consisted of the compound rules in money, square measure, &c., vulgar fractions, simple interest, and practice; together with the making out of accounts and letter writing. The work of the Second Division embraced the simple and compound rules, together with bills of parcels and practice, as well as letter writing. There has been a greater number doing home exercises this year, and some deserve great credit for the manner in which they have executed the work. In short, the work done page 12 this year has been far more satisfactory than hitherto. I was much pleased with the progress many made in the subject of letter writing.

Prize List.—First Division: Sinclair Swanson, 1; Alexander Campbell,; Thomas Carr, 3; John Pay, Alexander Swanson, Frank Battson, Jesse Hounsem, William Matthews, honourable mention. Second Division: James Moir, 1 (a microscope, presented by His Worship the Mayor); Robert Renwick, 2; George Readman, 3; Benjamin Hay, Edward Glaister, James Wilson, Fred. Brooks, George McGregor, John Black, honourable mention.

IX.—Junior Class (Mr. Cook's).

In classifying the scholars I found it necessary to make three divisions, namely, one for the study of the first four simple rules, another for the study of the more simple rules of compound quantities, and a third for the more advanced questions in the compound rules, together with simple interest, proportion, and fractions, and I am happy to state that the examination held last week shows very satisfactory progress in the different branches, the lowest division having acquired a fair knowledge of the subjects, the second or middle division having likewise shown a very fair acquaintance with the prescribed course, while the third and highest division have thoroughly mastered the compound rules, and acquired a good grounding in questions relating to interest and commission, as well as shown great aptitude in mastering the calculations of goods, &c, by the method of aliquot parts as taught under the rule of practice. The behaviour, with one exception, has been very good, and the scholars as a whole have shown an earnest desire to take every advantage of the chances of improvement offered them, and the progress made is very satisfactory and encouraging. The class received instruction in English composition and letter writing every Thursday, but with few exceptions the writing has been anything but satisfactory, and the want of knowledge of the most simple grammatical rules and the construction of sentences of the simplest form, have prevented the progress being made which I should have desired

Prize List,—William Sim, 1; Charles Hamon, 2; Joseph Manley, 3; Edward Jackson, 4; Samuel Hoare, 5; Donald Fitzgera ld, 6; William Tracey, James Reynolds, John Burns, James Simpson, William Brown, honourable mention.

Conduct of Pupils.

It gives me great pleasure to state—what you will find borne out by the reports of the respective masters—that the conduct throughout has, with very few exceptions, been excellent. At the beginning of the session we experienced much annoyance from five boys who had evidently joined the classes more for amusement than from a desire for learning. After bearing with them for some little time we were compelled to expel four. Much annoyance was also caused by a troop of larrikins, probably led by the boys expelled; but Mr. Inspector Mallard, having been informed of the fact, kindly and promptly brought the nuisance to an end. I am sure, from the diligence and earnestness of the pupils, that their appreciation of the evening classes is in no wise abated since last session. I have great pleasure in stating that in addition to the funds set apart for prizes by the Society several gentlemen interested in education have contributed money to be spent in prizes, and valuable books (special prizes.) It is gratifying to me, and I am sure gratifying to you all that so many testify to the interest they have in your progress in such a substantial manner. I have page 13 much pleasure in acknowedging money contributions from Messrs. Hallenstein and Co., Guthrie and Larnach, J. Mackerras and Co., Findlay and Co., Burt Bros., Keith Ramsay, Esq., J. Robin, Esq., and A. R. Livingston, Esq. (Dunedin School Committee,) W. C. Kirkcaldy, Esq., and James Davidson, Esq., also valuable books from James Caffin, Esq., of Wise and Co., D. Petrie, Esq., Inspector of Schools, P. G. Pryde, Esq., Secretary Education Board, T. S. Graham, Esq., William Caldwell Esq., His Worship the Mayor of Dunedin, and I have also to thank Professor Black for his special prize to the Chemistry class. I have also to thank Mr. Lyster for a very large supply of excellent writing paper which he sent me at the beginning of the session, and which proved very useful in the composition and writing lessons. Towards the close of the session several of the masters held a meeting in regard to the annual custom of presenting the master of each class with a testimonial or present at the end of the session. The result of the conference was that an intimation to the pupils to the following effect was drawn up:—"We, the undersigned, beg to make the following intimation to the students attending the Caledonian Society's evening classes—That at the close of each session a practice has hitherto prevailed of presenting the teachers with gifts purchased by the joint contributions of the several classes. While thanking the students for their kindness and liberality, and fully appreciating the motives which influenced them in making the presentations, we respectfully request that the custom—for the practice has grown into a custom—be not followed at the close of this session." This intimation was signed by all the teachers, and read by myself to each class. I may say that I agree entirely with the teachers in this matter. Testimonial nuisance, as it has been designated by some of our newspapers, should certainly be discouraged We have too much of it in this Colony. The work of a teacher who enters heart and soul into it, though laborious, is a pleasure to him, and the harvest which will most gladden his heart is to see the fruit of his labours in the attention of his pupils and in the substantial progress made by them. I am sure I am speaking the minds of the masters when I say that such a reward will be more valued by them than any presentation which could be made to them. In conclusion, I cannot refrain from remarking upon the golden opportunities presented to the young men of Dunedin—opportunities which probably the majority of their fathers might have sighed for in vain. The Caledonian classes have clone much, and will yet do more, and with our School of Arts and University we should ere long have a noble phalanx of young men possessed of solid learning and useful acquirements ready to do good service in this young and rising country.

The Chairman read a communication from the Rev. Dr. Stuart, bearing date the 18th inst., in which that gentleman wrote as follows:—"I regret that a fixed engagement on Friday evening will deprive me of the pleasure of being present at the distribution of prizes. Your excellent Society I regard as an important factor in the educational agencies of this City." The Chairman prefaced his leading of this communication by adverting to the deep interest the Rev. Dr. Stuart had always taken in the classes.

The Chairman said:—You have heard the report, and you will now agree with me that it is both an interesting and exhaustive one. I notice one serious omission, however, in the list of the occupations of those attending the classes. I do not see any member of Parliament in the classification, and I do not know but that some of them even, might have derived page 14 advantage from attending some of the classes. But we have a member of Parliament present, and he is going to make amends for his guild by giving us his opinion of the classes.

Mr. W.D.Stewart. M.H.R., then said: Mr. Chairman, Gentlemen and boys—(loud laughter from the boys)—I have felt very much gratified indeed in listening to the very exhaustive report which you have heard read. Your countenances are beaming with intelligence, and you reflect very great credit indeed on the youth of this town. I am quite sure that those who have attended these classes have done so not through compulsion, but through an earnest desire to fit themselves for future duties in life, and I am quite sure there are amongst you those who will score your marks in the different trades in which you will be engaged. You cannot to highly prize the present, and you will often in future years realise and appreciate the services which this Society is rendering you in fitting you for the duties which you will be called on to discharge. If I were to give you an advice on anything, I should advise you not to allow your studies to come to an end when the doors of the Society's school-room closes upon you. You will I am sure devote your time hereafter in perfecting these studies which you have initiated and carried on under the auspices of this Society. Of course, in a Colony like this every position in life, from that of the humblest boy to the Premier of the Colony, is open to every one of you, and if you choose by diligent application to gain for yourselves a position in society, society will recognise your labours and place you in a position honourable to yourselves and creditable to the Colony. Everyone one of you, no matter how young, may from a laudable ambition attain the very highest position which this free country can proffer any of its inhabitants. Many of you, I have no doubt, look on those who are at present holding prominent positions in public life as occupying positions which are not attainable to you, but I tell you that a large number of those who hold positions in this Colony have risen by their own industry—by their own continuous application—and I am quite sure that these are the men who will render the greatest service to this country. Now this generation is imposing taxes which will hereafter, I think, have to be paid by posterity; and you, and I daresay those who come after you, will probably have to solve the problem of how best to pay the debt the present generation is incurring. Therefore it is desirable you should bring to bear, and all those in similar circumstances to yourselves should bring to bear, in the solution of this difficulty, all the powers which you possess. I do not know I need to refer to anything else beyond proposing a vote of thanks to the Caledonian Society for the noble provisions they are making for those young citizens who are desirous of spending their time not frivolously nor in useless amusements, but so as to fit themselves to properly carry out the duties they have entered on here. One thing has been very gratifying to me. It is that this is not what might be termed a society got up with any limited sectarian or national object, although it is under the auspices of this Caledonian Society. I see from the names which were read, and also from the varied trades which were represented amongst the students here, that the Society is making very liberal provision for all industries and all trades which exist in this City, and therefore everyone has an opportunity, if he pleases, to fit himself for whatever trade or business in which he may be engaged. I think we cannot too highly praise these efforts of the Society. I have some considerable de- page 15 gree of pleasure in being present here this evening, although I did not expect to be asked to say anything. Still, in the absence of Dr. Stuart, who has always taken a very warn interest in the affairs of this Society, and also of this Educational Institute, I have very much pleasure indeed in proposing a vote of thanks to this Society, and hope their labours will be abundantly rewarded in times to come, and that instead of having the number that is present here this evening it will be increased and doubled year by year I have very much pleasure in proposing a vote of thanks to this Society for the efforts they have made.—(Applause.)

Mr. Livingston seconded the vote of thanks, and in doing so said; I think the Caledonian Society have done admirably during the last seven sessions. They deserve considerable credit for providing us with the New Year's amusements, but I think the best work they do is providing these evening classes for this town.—(Applause.)

The Chairman said that on behalf of the Society he had to acknowledge the vote of thanks proposed by Mr. Stewart, and seconded by Mr. Livingstone. It was not necessary he should put it to them, because they were all of one mind, and had indicated so by their acclamations. Mr. Stewart had made a mistake, however, in saying the Society had no national object in view. They wanted to build up an educated nation here in New Zealand—to make the pupils they had there a creditable section of an educated people.—(Applause.) They had another pleasure to come to—that was the distribution of the prizes. He regretted that they could not give prizes to all who had been diligent and attentive. Some years ago the Society gave free tickets to the Athenæum to all those who attended regularly and who showed, by their application and diligence when in the class-room, that their hearts were really in their work. Such pupils received free tickets for the Athenæum, no matter what place they took in the classes. The object the Society had in view was to encourage diligence and attention on the part of the pupils, and to secure the interests of parents in the work, and he believed that when a pupil secured a prize in the shape of a free ticket to the Athenæum, the parents took care that their boy continued diilgent and regular in his attendance. Unfortunately the want of funds had prevented them from continuing these tickets, but he thought, seeing the good that was done by the classes and that the mechanics' part of the Athenæum was a misnomer, the Society should be entitled to hand in a list of those who had shown diligence and attention, and that these pupils should be entitled to receive free tickets. That would be a very graceful recognition on the part of an institution that had received Government funds, and was supposed to be also a Mechanics' Institute. He hoped the Press would take notice of it, and with a little pressure the Athenæum Committee might open their hearts and authorise the Society to send in a list of those entitled to such prizes for the present year.

The Chairman then proceeded to present the prizes, adverting appropriately to the individual character of them. On presenting one youth with a copy of the works of Shakespeare, he said it was the best book in the English language after the Bible, and the numerous quotations slightly altered in their dress, which were to be found in his writings, indicated that the author himself had been a diligent student of sacred writ. The next book to be presented was a copy of Burns, and the Chairman observed that it formed a fitting sequel to Shakespeare.

page 16

The prizes having been all presented, a work which, from the number of them, consumed some time,

Mr. Keith Ramsay said he had to ask the students present to join him in according a very hearty vote of thanks to Mr. Ferguson and the other gentlemen who have been associated with him in the conducting of these classes. He must heartily congratulate these gentlemen on the success of their efforts, and the students on the diligence they had shown during the past winter, and the satisfactory results they have attained. He recognised with very much pleasure the young men whom he had seen there year after year, and he thought it did them credit to come there regularly, he believed they would reap much substantial benefit from their attendance at these classes. On behalf of the Society he begged to invite them all back again next year, and on any future year in which the Society may hold classes.

Mr. A Sligo said he had pleasure in seconding the vote of thanks to the teachers. He was highly gratified to find the teachers had so good a report to give of the conduct of their pupils. He believed with Mr. Ramsay that those attending the classes would reap much benefit, that they would be able to make their mark in after life in a way they could not have clone but for their attendance at the classes. He hoped and believed that many of them would fill positions hereafter which they could not have aspired to but for the training they had received at the classes. The teachers had spoken so favourably of their pupils that he had no doubt the pupils were ready to accord their teachers a vote of thanks in an unmistakable manner. The motion was carried by acclamation, the applause been hearty and long continued.

Mr Thomson said he thought the most gracious thing they could do now was to join in a hearty vote of thanks to Mr Kirkcaldy for the manner in which he had discharged the duties of Chairman. He had always shown the warmest sympathy in that Society, and he hoped they would join him (the speaker) in giving the Chairman a hearty vote of thanks on that occasion.—(Applause.)

The Chairman expressed the hope that all those present would practically express their interest in the classes by each bringing another student with him next session. It was not sufficient that they alone should have the benefit to be derived there; for they wanted not only to improve a few, but to benefit the community in general. Mr Thomson took charge of the first chemistry class, and but for him it would not have been started three years ago. He not only, however, took an interest in it, but gave a special prize, entitling the holder to admission to Professor Black's laboratory. The boy who secured it had attended, and had been greatly benefited.

The Chairman then thanked the students for their presence, and the proceedings terminated.

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Caledonian Society of Otago



  • Mr. W. C. Kirkcaldy.


  • Mr. Keith Ramsay.


  • Anderson, A. T.
  • Bell, Walter
  • Baxter, D.
  • Bailey, R. H.
  • Butchart, Thomas
  • Birch, Thomas
  • Burt, A.
  • Cargill, John
  • Caldwell, William
  • Clayton, S.
  • Calder, Hugh
  • Dowse, George
  • Douglas, W. S.
  • Douglass, J. G.
  • Dodson, T. H.
  • Denovon, A. D.
  • Falconer. George
  • Fish. H. S, jun.
  • Gourley. Hugh
  • Gibb, W. A.
  • Goodman, T. J.
  • Golder, John
  • Hume, R.
  • Jamieson, J. M.
  • Jones, J. F.
  • Lees, Andrew
  • Morrison, J. H.
  • Morrison, George
  • Marshall, James
  • McGregor, A.
  • McGregor, J.
  • McGaw, James
  • Park. J. A.
  • Philp, W. L.
  • Roberts, J. T.
  • Sligo, Alexander
  • Speight, James
  • Swan, Robert
  • Tait, G. C.
  • Wilson, Robert
  • Wain, Job, jun.
  • Wilson, R., jun.
  • Wedderspoon, J.
  • Wright, Wiliiam
  • Walker, S.
  • Wales, N. Y. A.

Honorary Members:

  • The Rev. Dr. Stuart
  • Mr. J. Barr, Craigielea.
  • Mr. W. Hepburn Honorary Members:
  • Mr. John Davie
  • Mr. A. J. Burns
  • Captain Logan
  • Mr. W. S. Fitzgerald
  • Mr. John Hislop

Secretary and treasurer:

  • George Watson.


  • Armstrong, G.
  • Armstrong, J.
  • Auld, D.
  • Anderson, James
  • Blood, W. F.
  • Black, J.
  • Bartleman, A.
  • Baxter, J.
  • Binnie, J.
  • Brebner, T.
  • Burt, T.
  • Brown, B.
  • Bennett, R.
  • Baskett, W.
  • Blackie, D.
  • Bond, G.
  • Barron, J.
  • Beal, L. O.
  • Brown, T.
  • Cassidy, J.
  • Cargill, A.
  • Cargill, W.
  • Carr, T.
  • Cooper, J.
  • Council, W.
  • Court, Louis
  • Campbell, Daniel
  • Campbell, R.
  • Dallas, D.
  • Dow, J.
  • Donaldson, J.
  • Douglas, J. S.
  • Dempster, G.
  • Deppie, A.
  • Davidson, W. H.
  • Dawson, W.
  • Dymock, W.
  • Eskdale, J.
  • Findlay, G.
  • Findlay, D.
  • Finch, J.
  • Finck, W.
  • Fogo, T.
  • Fountain, C.
  • Fraser, W.
  • Gibson, P.
  • Gregg, W.
  • Guthrie, H.
  • Grant, J. R.
  • Godso, J.
  • Gillies, J. L.
  • Gawn, F.
  • Gunn, P.
  • bow, G.
  • Gregor, J.
  • Greenslade, C.
  • Greenslade, R.
  • Genever, E.
  • Haydon, John
  • Haydon, W.
  • Hardie, J.
  • Hardie, John
  • Hutchinson, J. E.
  • Herbert, T.
  • Hodges, G.
  • Hislop, J. A.
  • Harris, J. H.
  • Hodgeson, Captain
  • Halligan, Wm.
  • Jenkins, W. A.
  • Johnson, G.
  • James. J. E.
  • Johnstone, A.
  • Keligher, P.
  • Keast, C.
  • Kirk, E.
  • Knox, J.
  • Lewis, J.
  • Livingstone, T.
  • Lane, W.
  • Leves, N.
  • Lowry, B. J.
  • Leith. P.
  • Low, R. A.
  • Meenan, F.
  • Moritzon, A.
  • Moss, M.
  • Morris, J. C.
  • Marshall, John,
  • Murray, J.
  • Murray, R. K.
  • Mathieson, S.
  • Mears, E.
  • Mitchell, J.
  • Miller, S.
  • Milne, W.
  • M'Grath, F.
  • M'Cutcheon, H.
  • M'Cliskey, F.
  • M'Crathy, S.
  • M'Gregor, M.
  • M'Kinnon, Capt. A.
  • M'Lean, H.
  • M'Kinlay, A.
  • M'Laren, John
  • McDonough, J.
  • McDonald. H.
  • McDermid, A.
  • Mcintosh, D.
  • McLean, C. F.
  • McDonald, Jas., Waihola
  • Gorge
  • McDermid, T.
  • McNicol, G.
  • McGill, D.
  • McMillan, W. Q.
  • Naumann, F. G.
  • Oliver, T.
  • Owens, W.
  • Patterson, J.
  • Pritchard, E.
  • Proudfoot, D.
  • Park, J. B.
  • Porter, F.
  • Paul, Mrs. W.
  • Russell, Captain J. U.
  • Russell, J.
  • Robertson, D.
  • Reimer, Dr.
  • Riddle, J. A. X.
  • Roberts, T.
  • Reynolds, A.
  • Rankin, A.
  • Reynolds. W. H., M.L.C.
  • Robin, J.
  • Rutherford, John
  • Scott, J. M.
  • Simpson, J. F.
  • Scoular, J.
  • Sise, G. L.
  • Smith, S. G.
  • Scoullar, J.
  • Sew Hoy
  • Small, J.
  • Saunders, R.
  • Stenhouse, J.
  • Strachan. W.
  • Seideberg, F.
  • Stohr, D. J.
  • Stewart, D.
  • Stephenson, J.
  • Sibbald, J.
  • Sievwright, B.
  • Stout, R.
  • Stenhouse, Dr.
  • Taggart, W. H.
  • Tonduit, M.
  • Toms, Geo.
  • Thomson, A.
  • Thomson, T.
  • Thomson, A.
  • Thomson, J.
  • Thomson, J. B.
  • Tennant, J.
  • Thomson, Thos.
  • Thomson,—
  • Tyson, W.
  • Telfer, J. T.
  • Ure, A. R.
  • Vezey, J.
  • Wallace, R. H.
  • Watson, J. M.
  • Wilson, J. P.
  • Woodlands, W.
  • Wilson, T. P.
  • Wilson, Jas.
  • Waters, R. T.
  • Wilson, G.
  • Watson. W. P.
  • Winton, J.
  • Westland, L.
  • Wilson. Jas.
  • Walkem, M.
  • Wybar, G.
  • Winton, D.
  • Worth, S. C.
  • Wilson. Ed.
  • Zurbano, B.
  • and 4 others.