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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 36

Vineland, New Jersey

Vineland, New Jersey.

One of the best illustrations of the practical workings of prohibition is the Vineland tract, in New Jersey. The settlement of this tract began in 1801. It numbers now, 1873, something owe 10,500 inhabitants. In 1804, by a special act of the Legislature, the citizens were empowered to vote upon license or no license. From the beginning of the settlement, in 1801, no traffic in alcoholic beverages had been allowed. A very large preponderance of the votes have uniformly been given for "no license." Vineland has, therefore, never had an open grog-shop. The population consists of manufacturers and business people upon the town-plot, and of farmers and fruit-growers outside the village limits, gathered from different parts of the United States, from Germany, France, England, Ireland, Scotland, and Italy. At the invitation of the New Jersey Temperance Alliance, Hon. Charles K. Landis, the founder of Vineland, delivered an address before the Judiciary Committee of the House of Assembly. 1873.

page 4
Police Expenses.
1867 $50 00
1868 50 00
1869 75 00
1870 75 00
1871* 150 00
1672 25 00
Poor Expenses.
1867 $400 00
1868 425 00
1869 425 00
1870* 350 00
1871 400 00
1872 350 00

Mr. Landis says: "These figures speak for themselves, but they are not all. There is a material and industrial prosperity existing In Vineland which, though 1 say it myself, is unexampled in the history of colonization, and must be due to more than ordinary causes. The influence of temperance upon the health and industry of her people is no doubt the principal of these causes. Started when the country was plunged in civil war, its progress was continually onward. Young as the settlement was, it sent its quota of men to the field, and has paid over $69,000 of war debts. The settlement has built twenty fine school-houses, ton churches, and kept up one of the finest systems of road improvements, covering 178 miles, in this country. There are now some fifteen manufacturing establishments on the Vineland tract, and they are constantly increasing in number. Her stores in extent and building will rival any other place in South Jersey. There are seventeen miles of railroad upon the tract, embracing six railway stations. The amount of products sent away to market enormous. The poorest of her people seek to make their homes beautiful."

In the light of the foregoing, it is quite apparent that in Vineland, where it has been fairly tried, Prohibition is not a failure.