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The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 29

Table of Contents

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Table of Contents.

Part I.

Who Pays? Who Doesn't Pay?

What Taxes do you pay?—What Taxes are collected?—The Revenue. 1. The Land Fund: its value, its liabilities. 2. Ordinary Revenue.—Indirect Taxation.—Property and Income.—Private Land Ownership.—Working-men's Income.—Taxes on Food.—Rice for example.—Protective Duty on Grain and Flour.—Ought to be Abolished.—Loss and Gain of so doing.—Other Food Taxes.—Table of Taxes on Food.—Taxes on other necessaries.—Clothing.—Furniture and Household Utensils.—Cleanliness.—Medicine and Medical Comforts.—Light.—Stationery.—Conveyance.—Building Materials.—Table of Taxes on all Necessaries.—Comparative Burden.—Large Untaxed Incomes.—An Instance.—Banks and other Money-lenders.—Other Surplus Incomes.—Wrong and Right.—Taxes on Superfluities.—Table of Taxes on Stimulants.—Poor Man Pays Highest Duty per cent, of value.—Taxes on Carriage.—High Railway Haulage Rates Make Food and Fuel Dear.—Use New Zealand Coal.—Reduce Railway Rates.—Objections of Protectionists.—Replied to.—Local Industry, how affected.—Protection not needed.—Unjust and Obstructive to Bettering of Working-man's Condition.

Part II.

Who Ought to Pay?

Present Unfairness.—Proposed Reforms.—Tax on Property and Income.—Mode of Assessment.—Objection to "Inquisitorial" Action.—Replied to.—Other Objections.—By Members of Parliament.—Replies to them.—Alleged Unproductiveness of Tax.—Absurdity of Low Estimate.—British Landed Income.—Approximate Estimate of Proceeds of Tax in New Zealand.—Income from Other Sources than Land.—Limit of Exemption.—Probable Produce of New Taxes, deducting exempted incomes.—Share of Land Fund.—Table of Receipts and Acreage Tax thereon.—Taxes on Purchases and Leases of Land from Natives.—History of "Native Land-sharking."—New Zealand, 1839.—Victoria, 1835.—Fijis, 1870.—New Zealand, 1840-1877.—The Land Purchase Department.—Native Land Courts.—Donald McLean.—Pacifying the Natives.—Assisting the Land-sharks.—Sir Donald.—His Fortune.—Skinning the Native Eels Alive.—The Process Described.—No Chance for Man of Small Means.—No Public Revenue.—Southern Runholders engaged in it.—Men of Monied and Parliamentary Influence.—Moorliouse's great Murimotu Conception.—Block Described, by Mr. Ballance, the new Minister.—My own Knowledge of it.—Opinions of Native Land Courts Bill, 1877.—Probable Private Acquisition of cream of North Island.—Tax proposed.—Probable Proceeds.—Probable Effects.—Sir Donald McLean's Legacies.—To His only Son.—To the Colony.

Part III.

Taxation Reform, and how to get it.

Summary of Proposed Reforms.—Loss and Gain.—Railway Reform.—How to obtain Reforms.—Defects and Injustices of Electoral Machinery.—Representation should be by Numbers.—Form of Ballot no Protection to Real Independence.—Class Polling hours.—Agitation.—Working-men's Clubs.—Working-men's Newspapers.—Radical. Refokm.