The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout: Volume 4
It cannot be denied but outward accidents conduce much to fortune; favour, opportunity, death of others, occasion fitting virtue: but chiefly "the mould of a man's fortune is in his own hands:" "Faber quisque fortunæ suæ?," saith the poet; and the most frequent of external causes is, that the folly of one man is the fortune of another, for no man prospers so suddenly as by others' errors; "Serpens nisi serpentem comederit non sit draco" ["Unless the serpent eat the serpent, there may be no dragon."] Overt and apparent virtues bring forth praise; but there be secret and hidden virtues that bring forth fortune—certain deliveries of a man's self, which have no name. The Spanish name, "disemboltura," partly expresseth them, when there be not stands nor restiveness in a man's nature, but that the wheels of his mind keep way with the wheels of his fortune; for so Livy (after he had described Cato Major in these words, "In illo viro, tantum robur corporis et animi fuit, ut quocunque loco natus esset, fortunam sibi facturus videretur"—" In that man, there existed such strength of body and of mind, that in whatever place he had been born he would most probably have made fortune his own") falleth upon that he had, "versatile ingenium:" therefore, if a man look sharply and attentively, he shall see fortune; for though she be blind, yet she is not invisible. The way of fortune is like the milky-way in the sky, which is a meeting, or knot, of a number of small stars, not seen asunder, but giving light together; so are there a number of little and scarce discerned virtues, or rather faculties and customs, that make men fortunate: the Italians note some of them, such as a man would little think. When they speak of one that cannot do amiss, they will throw in into his other conditions, that he hath "Poco di matto" ["Somewhat of the fool"]; and, certainly, there be not two more fortunate properties than to have a little of the fool, and not too much of the honest: therefore, extreme lovers of their country, or masters, were never fortunate; neither can they be, for when a man placeth his thoughts without himself, he goeth not his own way. A hasty fortune maketh an "enterpriser" and "remover;" (the French hath it better, "entreprenant," or "remuant"); but the exercised fortune maketh the able man. Fortune is to be honoured and respected, and it be but for her daughters, Confidence and Reputation; for those two felicity breedeth, the first within a man's self, the latter in others towards him. All wise men, to decline the envy of their own virtues, used to ascribe them to Providence and Fortune; for so they may the better assume them: and, besides, it is greatness in a man to be the care of the higher powers. So Cæsar said to the pilot in the tempest, "Cæsarem portas, et fortunam ejus"—["You carry Cæsar and his fortunes."] So Sylla chose the name of "felix" ["lucky"], and not of "magnus" ["great"]: and it hath been noted, that those who ascribe openly too much to their own wisdom and policy, end unfortunate. It is written, that Timotheus, the Athenian, after he had, in the account he gave to the state of his government, often interlaced this speech, "And in this fortune had no part,'' never prospered in any thing he undertook afterwards. Certainly there be whose fortunes are like Homer's page 29 verses, that have a slide and easiness more than the verses of other poets; as Plutarch saith of Timoleon's fortune in respect of that of Agesilaus, or Epaminondas: and that this should be, no doubt it is much in a man's self.