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Salient. Official Newspaper of Victoria University Students Association. Volume 40, Number 3. March 14, 1977.



A quarter of the population of Namibia were killed resisting the German occupation. The people continued to resist their removal to the "homelands" created for them by white South Africa, and in 1960 the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) was set up to become the best known of the liberation movements in Namibia today. It forms part of the Namibiar National Convention — a coalition of five opposition groups resisting the South African occupation of their country, and demanding an independent unitary state instead of the continued division of Nami bia on an ethnic basis where the whites have 60% of the best land. SWAPO organised armed struggle in 1966, and has the support of the Organisation of African Unity, the UN and the World Council of Churches. As a result of their resistance member's of both SWAPO and NNC have been harassed and persecuted, detained tortured and killed. SWAPO leader, Hermann ja Toivo, a schoolteacher, is serving a 20 year prison sentence on Robben Island with 34 other SWAPO members. Church leaders who have called for liberation have received similar treatment, but continue to witness against injustice and racial tyranny. The majority of Namibians belong to the Lutheran church (350,000 members), the Anglicans, Roman Catholics and Methodists. Three Anglican Bishops have been expelled from Namibia since 1968, and over 100 clergy and mission workers from Europe and elsewhere.