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Salient. Victoria University Student Newspaper. [Volume 39, Issue 8. April 1976]

Chin Dynasty Find

Chin Dynasty Find

N.Z. Press Association

About 1000 bamboo slips, most carrying laws and documents dating back 2200 years, have been found in one of 12 tombs recently excavated in Yunmeng County in central China.

The tombs were discovered by peasants digging a drainage canal.

The three laws of the Chin dynasty unearthed are China's earliest laws and acts so far discovered and the bamboo slips, well preserved and with legible characters, are the first discovered of the Chin dynasty (221 B.C. to 207 B.C.).


The finds date from the late years of the warring states period (475 B.C. - 221 B.C.) and provide important historical evidence of how the Chin dynasty followed the [unclear: legelist] line and imposed the dicatorship of the landlord class over the slave-owning class.

Preliminary studies show the bamboo slips include a document of a governor in 227 B.C.. laws, acts, judicial cases, a book on the "ways of officials", and a chronicle of major events from 306 B.C.

Also Included are specific cases showing how court trials were conducted.


The records of laws and acts of the Chin dynasty and of earlier periods had been lost for centuries.

Amone the new finds are acts on farmland, currency, appointment of officials, self-exiled Chin subjects and dismissal of officials.

The new find provides key research material into the historical experience of the rising landlord class in exercising dictatorship over the slave-owning class after winning political power, and the history of the struggle between the Confusion and the Legalist schools and class struggle as a whole.