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Salient. Victoria University Student Newspaper. Vol 35 no. 1. 28 February 1972

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor


From time to time we all must feel pangs of uncertainty whether our protests In this God Forsaken part of the Universe are worth It. Both on racist sports and Vietnam issues protestors are Justified In claiming part victory, but often full victory seems to be beyond our generation's present capacity. A letter written on September 21st, 1971 justifies, I feel, the need to protest in solidarity with those, who won't win heroes medals but are heroes to the cause. The letter was from the Concerned Officers Movement, of U.S.A. end I would like to quote a few details of interest. "Several Com chapters are making efforts to attract enlisted men (I am one) end there are quite a few active G.l's in my Chapter. The military services are still trying to break up Com, but we are still growing. The Air Force of which I am a member has recently enunciated new policies aimed at "honourably" separating officers and airmen who participate in Com. My commander has personally councelled me. The honorable discharge they offer is a ruse. Future employers will know the reason for the discharge. To get out one must concede his behaviour is improper. Who is charging whom with bad conduct? In any case I wish to finish the few years I have left in the military and help make Com grow. Com is starting to work closely with Vietnam veterans against the War. Together we should have an appreciable impact on the American public. We enjoy hearing of your work".

So you see, in time, what is the more important or era all equally important? Having thousands out in the streets, or having veterans and enlisted men working from within? Should one go Awol or stay and fight from within? Should one become A Co. or join up and fight from within like Australian's are attempting. I believe Christchurch Mobe had the right idea, with its various subcommittees dealing with their own sector. After all, I feel if we can get one Catholic Bishop to condemn our participation in the war, or if we can get the clergy to speak from the pulpit, than I feel we might be having a better impact on public reaction than say N.Z.U.S.A. resolutions which everyone knows will be ignored by the apathetic majority of 36,000 students or the Fol resolutions which at least in Chch are treated as rubbish by certain unions' hierarchy.

Just to close - I am an admirer of Robert Muldoon for not whet he says, but that he Isn't afraid to say it and apologize if he makes an error. Society needs such men so that the apathetic throng can be shaken. It is not Imperialism or communism, that endangers N.Z. it is materialistic requirements and apathy.

Michael O.Neill

C/- P.O.Box 407, Christchurch.


I am a long time, long distance walking hitchhiker. Just lately ecoconscious, I must report a salient observation from a summer's walking, mainly on roads all over the North Island, country and city.

Empty cigarette packets account for a substantial proportion of litter beside roads. I took a rough count of the brands of cigarette packets so slowly decaying. I find the results quite amazing. Rothmans packets accounted for about 80% of the ones I saw. Pall Mall, usually the red packet, accounted for 17-19%. I only saw 2 or 3 packets each of B.&.H., Belmont, and Peter Styvesant.

Now I realise that Rothmans probably do have a large share of the market. But surely not that large.

I wonder - are the sort of pricks who smoke South African owned cigarettes the same pricks who litter our countryside?

Raymond Forsyth.


What is this thing called love ? Further, what Is this spectacle in the northern stairwell of the student union, apart from being a birdless vet bird-brained Binney painting? Were the bureaucrats and the idea mongrels too Imaginative to knock out the wall and give us God's own land-scape?

You can now read New Zealand's 'leading' radical monthly for $2.00 per year. The Students Association executive has accepted an offer from New Zealand Monthly Review to make a student subscription $2.00 as against the regular $3.00. And that is as far as our free advertising will extend.

page 4

The Best Brass Band in the World

At last the gravy train!

At last the gravy train!

The demise of Holyoake, accompanied as it was by sanctimonious denials of [unclear: acrimony]; can bring vindictive satisfaction only to those who are able to imagine the world that exists behind the scenes. There were signs if you cared to look for them: Holyoake requesting that he be accompanied to the Caucus room; the excessive use of christian names by Jack and Rob, and Holyoake's insistant reminder that it was what he hadintendedall along. There were minor power games, too, that were worthy of note The spectacle of Jack announcing on Television that Bottler Shelton would soon announce his retirement to his local branch, had about it the smelll of contradiction. Maybe he figured that television hadn't penetrated as far as the Rangitikei.

It is reasonable to assume that the whole performance was a victory for the anti-Muldoon faction of the Party. Rob had been off-side with the more conservative element by reason of his abraisive pushy "I get things done" approach. The past few months had seen a moderation born of the desire of the Minister of Finance to convince this element of the Party that he was not the man that burped at a State Dinner, and there were indications that it was paying off. Rob's growing acceptability apparently frightened the die-hards who saw the need for the leadership to be decided (i.e. changed) as soon as possible. So the "Dominion" chimed in with a "quit while you are ahead editorial", Marshall rallied his dwindling forces, the Parliamentary wing of the party was roused briefly from its customary somnolence, and a ho ho was replaced by a whimper

The immediate question was, of course, whether Marshall and Muldoon would be able to forget "The healthy competition" (i.e. bury the hatchet) and present a united facade. Again television provided a little side commentary. Predictably enough breathless interviewers raised with Holyoake, Marshall and Muldoon the memory of Marshall "disciplining" Muldoon before an audience of thousands at the time of the Brian Brooks farce. Holyoake and Muldoon emphasised the view that the incident had been played up by the media and denied that there had been any question of "Discipline". Marshall smiled and spoke of things being forgotten, the "wages-prices-spiral", and the selection of his "team".

Which brings us, not altogether subtly, to a consideration of the team. Predictably enough it is consistent with all the connotations of that euphemism for group mentality - faceless, grey, mediocre and cautious to a man they paraded before the camera with all the verve of Debs at the Winter Show Building. They all, they assured us, had ideas but were all unwilling to divulge them at this stage. We would, so to speak, find out in the fullness of time. And who could forget Marshall's slow, sickly, half-aware smile when laughter confronted him with his "No one's been moved down; some have been moved up ahead of them".

And what of Marshall, the new Prime Minister, our man in London, Paris, Zurich and Karori? In 1968 Salient reported him (whether accurately I'm not sure) as opining that a Nationalist Chinese invasion of China would be "a good thing", which places him to the right of Nixon. In 1972 he appeared dramatically on television-to have a heart to heart and explain to the country what he intended to do, which, if repeated often enough, places him twelve years ahead of his time. I can't think of anything much he's done in between.

In any event press speculation is over, democracy has been upheld (albeit behind closed doors) and the country is ready and willing to give the chosen one a fair go. The "Evening Post" was one of the first papers to grasp the imp lications of the change - the National Party educational millstone had been caste off! While Holyoake was free to race off and read Hayley Mills' essay on "Liberty", Harpo Marx's "Das Kapital", Joe McCarthy's poems and listen to Albert Einstein's "West Side Story" we had a Graduate for Prime minister. As a country, the "Evening Post" pointed out, we are against education and the "egg-heads" (how's it goin' mate - alright?). Now that we are into the seventies and now that even the African States have graduates in government, however, it might be time for a change. Norman Kirk hasn't got a degree has he?

Why the incident I am about to relate sums it all up I'm not quite sure but (to avoid further procrastination) it happened like this. Some years ago a Salient reporter was granted an audience with Muldoon. Armed with resolve a radical view, and a tape-recorder he presented himself at the heart of the machine. Apparently the interview was a complete farce (it took the alloted half hour to trudge from the door to Muldoon's desk) but it is not that which concerns me. While the reporter waited in the Secretary's office he noted that the murmurings which emanated from the intercom were in fact being created in the House. The secretary scribbled busily; the clock, almost blotting out the sounds from the House, ticked dynamically; newsboys cried distortedly; the secretary's woolly mittens steamed on the radiator; Muldoon's copy of "The Business Man's Guide" sat on top of a filing cabinet. Suddenly the quality of sound from the intercom changed radically, dynamism was in the air. The new speaker talked with conviction and force, beating his desk with his hand as he spoke; "The members on the other side of the House may wish to disagree with me but I can say without fear of their contradiction that we have the best brass band in the World!"

page 6

Time Mt John Gone

On November 1968, a U.S. Air Force satelite tracking station became operational at Mt. John, near Lake Tekapo. It is built on land leased from the University of Canterbury, and receive in return approximately $25,000 annually.

The Mt. John Tracking stations real purposes appear to be military, as much as anything else, and the station is therefore another installation on N.Z. land for the 'Defence' of the U.S.A. Washdyke - Mt. John Committee has been formed to organize protest, especially against Canterbury University's lease agreement with the U.S.A.F.

This Committee is organising a demonstration at Mt. John on the weekend of March 11th-12th. What follows is a summary of the functions of the Mt. John tracking station.

Negotiations between the U.S.A.F. and the N.Z. Government (in which the university also participated) began in September 1966, but these were not made public until 4th July 1968, only 4 days before an agreement was signed and only 8 days before tenders for construction were called.

A baker Nunn tracking camera is used at Mt. John to photograph satellites. Thes photos are then orocessed and the satellite positions are measured from the photos. This information is tabulated and passed to the base communications room, whose security precautions tend to be at a military rather than of a scientific nature. Only the communications operators and maintenance men (four in all) have routine access. Anyone (including other officers) else is carefully vetted before being allowed [unclear: a].

[unclear: a] 1970, Canta representatives were allowed a brief glimpse into this room, and are apparently the only New Zealanders to have seen it. Canta was told that the reasons for these security precautions were that the teleprinters inside, fed directly into a computer in Colorado, and were [unclear: irtually] part of the computer. So that an understanding of their mode of operation would reveal details of the computer, which had to remain sec-[unclear: et], obviously. The detachment commander also [unclear: tated] in a Christchurch Star interview (30.4.70) [unclear: hat] "like any military installation, if the time [unclear: came] when we had to abandon it in case of emer-[unclear: ency] then precautions would be taken to destroy equipment"

Also, the base can operate independent of N.Z. [unclear: utillities], using its own diesel generator. Its water supply is pumped 1000ft up from Lake Tekapo and is clorinated and filtrated, possibly to prevent chemical and bacteriological sabotage. Twenty thousand gallons of water are stored within the [unclear: base] itself- enough to keep the base operational [unclear: for] at least a month, as only 12 men staff it at a one time.

[unclear: Mt]. John is operated by Detachment one at the [unclear: 8th] surveillance squadron of the 14th Aerospace Defence force of the Aerospace Defence Command the ADC exists to defend the U.S. against enemy [unclear: missiles] and aircraft, and recieves its basic information from various electronic (ie: radar) and [unclear: optical] systems, among which is the spacetrack system, whose primary function is the tracking [unclear: of] all objects placed into orbit. It's optical sensors [unclear: Baker] Nunn cameras) are located at Edwards Air [unclear: Force] Base, California, Sand Island, Pacific Ocean, [unclear: Jupiter], Florida and on Mt. John, New Zealand.

Spacetrack" is a part of the "Space Detection and [unclear: racking] System" (Spadats). Data from which [unclear: fed] into the Air Defence systems nerve centre [unclear: cated] 1400ft beneath Mt. Cheyenne, Colorado, [unclear: hich] controls deployment of America's nuclear [unclear: eaponry] including the anti satellite defence sys-[unclear: em], "a land based missile system which is capable [unclear: f] interception and destruction of armed sat-[unclear: llites]."

Satellite installations

Demonstration against U.S. Military Bases in N.Z.

Demonstration against U.S. Military Bases in N.Z.

A Gathering Of White Liberal Limousines

The Race Relations Council (12th-13th) was opened by mayor Robbie with his pet topic of law and order in Auckland.

"We cannot allow the long-haired mobs (Panthers and Nga Tamatoa?) to ruin this beautiful city of ours."

The Council although set in an marae was conducted in pakeha style. Most of the official delegates were pakeha hence the term white liberal limousine was used. The presence of the Polynesian Panthers, the Nga-Tamatoa's and the lefties added colour to an otherwise black and white meeting. This so-called mob of leftwing shit-stirrers emphasised the institutionalised left-wing racism in our society. Most people left the meeting convinced although some were offended.

The message of the Nga-Tamatoa was clear enough. It's time the white liberals listened to them. They want to be in the fore front of moves to counteract discrimination instead of remaining passive The white liberals, if they are sincere, should support their demands. Since the country is run by whites, the liberals can bring their influence to bear on the policy makers so that justice can be done.

The Polynesian Panthers were not concerned with land as were the Nga-Tamatoa. Their demands are for more immediate things - education penal reform, job opportunities and recreational facilities They want direct action on these things. They pledged support for and would join the Race Relations Council if the new committee can convince them that they will take action this year. The newly elected committee of the Council promised to pursue the demands of the Nga-Tamatoa and of the Panthers.

page 7

Odd One Out


1.Cleaning the bails may lead to scandal (4-6)
6.There's company for dinner! (4)
10.Land dealer gets an existing hill (7)
11.Two degrees take in top gear for freedom fighter (7)
12.Or rather the smallest routes may have it! (9)
13.A neck or two may be wrung in exam prank (5)
14.Behind a severe description (6)
15.The sun is and shines through it (8)
18.Took off, though finally perished (8)
20.Offender, formerly an Irish patriot (6)
23.Man in the drink will get a runny nose (5)
25.Viking Bled win? Shortened nickname says he talked nonsense! (9)
27.Up with a chest! (7)
28.One in a pistol is hard on the stomach (7)
29.Vulgar face distorts for Gala's mate (4)
30.With nothing outside, bears or emus could be shot through these holes 10)


1.Noted on the wall a Greek latter, and an old god returned (5)
2.Tea skit about rising part (9)
3.Spinner has decaying wings (7)
4.In holy writ a note speaks of an Asian (6)
5.Call liquor of the same label?
7.A festering carbunkle partly caused by alcohol (5)
8.Butcher has a jolly aspect (9)
9.Defraud a shaper (6)
14.Send a pram rolling and sign the answer (9)
16.Greater? No, father, in a way (9)
17.Part of speech a backward university copied exactly (8)
19.Bearing without our dignity to lower (6)
21.Inspires what 20 ac. will do badly about describing vigour (7)
22.In this type of commerce retail goods may have the dealer surrounded by silks (6)
24.Record name on list (5)
26.They are often played but curiously never ridden (5)

(answers on p.3.)

Chess board

Cryptic Crosswords

[unclear: his] short and by no means extensive survey is designed to be of [unclear: ssistance] to the novice wishing to attempt the solution of cryptic [unclear: rosswords,] whether they be found in the Evening Post on Wednes-ays and Saturdays, the Dominion on Saturdays, the Christchurch [unclear: reas] every morning, assorted magazines weekly or monthly, or the [unclear: aper] in which this appears.

[unclear: he] difficulties perceived in initial contacts with this type of cross-[unclear: ord] can seem almost insurmountable. This is due primarily to the [unclear: ability] of the beginner to decode the clues, which resemble [unclear: eroglyphic] spells whose aim is to hypnotise the reader into a state [unclear: f] incredulous immobility. Some knowledge of the structure [unclear: f] cryptic clues and the conventions employed in their making is [unclear: ssential] to dispel this glassy-eyed incomprehension. It is a peculiar [unclear: act], however, that those who are au fait with cryptic crosswords [unclear: re] often reluctant to part with their secrets, such Information that [unclear: hey] possess being regarded as sacred and not to be imparted to the [unclear: ninltiated]. Here follows, then, a brief outline of the main points to [unclear: he] cabbala.

[unclear: General]

[unclear: a] genuine synonym-type clue is nearly always present, ranging from [unclear: he] explicit to the very broad (eg 'on which people put their shirt' [unclear: as] been seen as part of a clue for 'derby favourites'). Accom-[unclear: anying] the synonym may be other words which describe how the [unclear: lue] is to be made up. One of the first difficulties encountered will [unclear: e] that of working out exactly what part of the clue is the 'real' [unclear: lue]. For example:

[unclear: ining] is giving out outside a minor star' (5,7) (Bangsoon)

[unclear: he] answer might be two words meaning any of the following: [unclear: ning], lining is. lining is giving out, a minor star, minor star, star.

[unclear: he] other words present may be components of the actual word [unclear: at] is the answer. These can be In strict succession, reversed, inter[unclear: wined], or otherwise convoluted eg-

[unclear: Turn] the handle just for fun, (5) (The Times)

[unclear: Revel] - lever backwards)

[unclear: 'In] being embraced by renown, there's nothing for man's inner [unclear: eeds]. (6) (Daily Telegraph)

Famine - in 'embraced' by Fame)

'(So auburn is his hair the journalist is very upset. (4,10) The Guardian.)

Sore Distressed - so red is tress ed.)

'Beer returned by the King. (5) (Bangsoon)

[unclear: ager] - regal backwards)

[unclear: acluded] in, or in place of, this structure may be found abbrevia-[unclear: tions], anagrams, homophones, homonyms, pun, and various other [unclear: evices] for word manipulation.

[unclear: Abreviations]

[unclear: ny] of the abbreviations used in, say the Concise Oxford Diction-[unclear: ry] might be used in relating an answer to a clue. Some frequently [unclear: sed] examples of conventions and abbreviations are given below, [unclear: e] left column being answer components and the right column [unclear: lue] components.

.S.E.W. point(s), quarter(s), eardinal(s), dixection(s). ALT, TAR,AB sailor, seaman etc A one I nothing, love, ring. E. LA.UN 'the French' 'a French' E about, engineers (though note that 'about', in a clue may merely refer to the placement of one word about another) A artist, painter etc. AN. THE article(s) G horse, nag etc B,C,D,E,F.G. note(s) R.R royal, queen etc V V V X,L four, five, six, ten, fifty etc PP.F.FF soft, quiet/loud etc R, MO,MB, doctor etc. A, MA fellow degree etc. ns is only a partial list

[unclear: Anagrams]

[unclear: sually] an indication is given that an anagram is present, though [unclear: his] is not always the case. Watch for words like 'bad', 'strange' [unclear: pset]', etc. eg: 'Feeling ill, the strange nurse left' (9) (The Times). [unclear: esentful] - anagram of 'nurse left')

[unclear: Homophones]

adicated by 'we hear', 'sounds like, etc, for example:

'Erect sound beams' (5) (The Times).


'Sound string to tie up a bundle of notes, (5) (Bangsoon)


[unclear: Homonyms]

[unclear: g] "A alight case of more notes than syllables' (4) (Bangsoon) Slur)

'Cultivates fields - there's money in them' (5) (The Observer)

[unclear: ills])

[unclear: Conclusion]

[unclear: It] would be false comfort to say that cryptic clues can be so [unclear: easily] analysed into the above categories. Many constructions are [unclear: complex] mixture of two or more different styles of word manip-[unclear: ulation], and only constant practice with crosswords from different [unclear: sources] can transform the state of incomprehension to one that [unclear: resembles] competence. Than there are the Joke clues or puna, app-[unclear: earing] about as frequently as anagrams in some crosswords. The [unclear: ability] to do these often depends on how twisted is the solver's [unclear: use] of humour. Bangsoon has a Very twisted sense of humour.