Salient. An Organ of Student Opinion at Victoria University, Wellington N.Z. Vol. 22, No. 8. August 3, 1959
International — World of Universities
World of Universities
News of university activities throughout the world is given in this new Salient feature.
The general principles on which university reform in Cuba could be based have been circulated by the General University Reform Commission appointed by the Federacion Estudiantil. Among the most important of these principles are the following: revocation of all statutes that might prevent reform, university depuration, revision of texts and programmes, appropriate functioning of the university press, sanctions on students who left the universities in Cuba to study in other countries or in official institutions, establishment of day and night courses in all faculties, elaboration of F.E.U's internal regulations, construction of student residences and restaurants and planning of the new university campus. (C.O.S.E.C. Information Bulletin, Leiden).
A recent Anglo-Soviet agreement has resulted in the official exchange of students between the two countries in the year 1959-60. Twenty British students are to take part, of whom half are to be Russian linguists and half reading other subjects. Those who are accepted for the exchange will spend 10 months at a Russian university, starting in September. The exchange from Russia to Britain means that Cambridge can expect two or three Russian students in October. (Varsity, Cambridge).
In a survey of library borrowing habits during 1957 at Leeds University, 14 per cent. of Arts students and 39 per cent. of Science and Technology students did not borrow any books. The average student borrowed a book 14 times during the year. The survey points out that "no obvious correlation exists between borrowing and examination results." (Darts, Sheffield),
Sweeping changes are announced in University Lodging Laws at Cambridge. They will bring rules for undergraduates living in digs more into line with those living in college. Doors are to be left unlocked until 11 p.m. instead of 10. Women visitors may now stay an hour longer—until 11 o'clock. Keys may now be issued by landladies for those coming in after 11, although men will still have to be in by midnight unless they have special permission. These regulations, which have been fully approved are to come into effect at the beginning of next term. (Varsity, Cambridge).
The Democratic Union of Students of Spain (U.D.E.) recently informed C.O.S.E.C. of a series of arrests of Spanish students and professors which have taken place in Madrid, Valencia, and Barcelona. During the middle of April, seven students of the University of Barcelona were detained by the Spanish Police. On May 19 a detachment of the Spanish police arrested Thomas Llorens, Cesar Cimadevilla and Augustin Garcia del Leon, all students of the University of Madrid and Professor Mariano Rubio Jimenez. The series of arrests of students was extended to Valencia where five students have been imprisoned including one girl. These students have been accused of distributing pamphlets calling for a 24-hour strike of all Spanish students. (C.O.S.E.C., Leiden).
The university paper "Vestnik Vysshej Shkoly" reports on the training programme for future engineers that every aspiring engineer in the Soviet Union must put in 500 hours of practical work along with his studies during the first three years, thus acquiring the qualification of a specialised worker. The theoretical courses during this period will be made up of 50 per cent. classroom time and 50 per cent. laboratory work. The second stage of study consists solely of practical work performed for one year in a production enterprise. The third stage also covers about one year and will be used for acquiring specialisation. The study period will end with final diploma examinations. (Vestnik Vysshej Shkoly, Moscow).
Union of S. Africa
220 protests from Europe, Britain, America, Asia, Latin America, Australia, Africa and South Africa against the South African government's intention to enforce University apartheid have been received by the National Union of South African Students, N.U.S.A.S. Professors and student bodies have sent protests from Austria, France, Sweden, Finland, Poland, Bulgaria, Denmark, Holland, Germany and Italy. In Latin America protests came from Uruguay, Costa Rica, Mexico and Guatemala and in Asia support came from India, Vietnam and China. Among others were 53 protests from Britain. (N.U.S.A.S. Newsletter, Cape Town).