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Salient. An Organ of Student Opinion at Victoria College, Wellington, N.Z. Vol. 14, No. 5. May 24, 1951

Resolution for Cessation

Resolution for Cessation

The Security Council,—

Recalling the finding of the General Assembly in its resolution of October 21, 1949, that the Government of the Republic of Korea is a lawfully established government "having effective control and jurisdiction over that part of Korea where the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea was able to observe and consult and in which the great majority of the people of Korea reside; and that this Government is based on elections which were, a valid expression of the free will of the electorate of that part of Korea and which were observed by the Temporary Commission: and that this is the only such Government in Korea."

Mindful of the concern expressed by the General Assembly in its resolution of December 12, 1948, and October 21, 1949, of the consequences which might follow unless Member states refrained from acts derogatory to the results sought to be achieved by the United Nations in bringing about the complete independence and unity of Korea; and the concern expressed that the situation described by the United Nations Commission on Korea in its report menaces the safety and well being of the Republic of Korea and might lead to open military conflict there:

Noting with grave concern the armed [unclear: attack] upon the Republic of Korea by forces from North Korea.

Determines that his action constitutes a broach of the peace,

Calls for the immediate cessation of hostilities; and

Calls upon the authorities of North Korea to withdraw forthwith their armed forces to the thirty-eighth parallel;

2.Requests the United Nations Commission on Korea
(a)To communicate its fully considered recommendations on the situation with the least possible delay;
(b)To observe the withdrawal of the North Korean forces to the thirty-eighth parallel; and
(c)To keep the Security Council informed on the execution of this resolution;

Calls upon all Members to render every assistance to the United Nations in the execution of this resolution and to refrain from giving assistance to the North Korean authorities.

This resolution was adopted in a paragraph-by-paragraph vote and as a whole, by 9-0, with Yugoslavia abstaining.