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History of New Zealand. Vol. III.

Contents of Vol. III

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Contents of Vol. III.

Chapter XVII. Pages 171
1872 TO 1874.
Donald McLean and the Maoris—Mr. Todd shot—Fox Ministry implore the Governor to retain H.M.S. “Virago”—Lord Kimberley and Mr. Fox—Fenians and other Convicts—Conditional Pardons—Colonial Armed Forces—Te Kooti—Public Memorial of Waka NeneTe Whiti at Parihaka—Sir D. Monro and Mr. Fox—Dispute as to Powers of Legislative Council—Opinion of Sir J. D. Coleridge and Sir G. Jessel—Mr. Sewell and Mr. Vogel—Railway Contracts—Financial Statement—Character and Death of John Coleridge Patteson—Polynesian Labour Traffic—Taiaroa's Resolutions on a Council for Native Affairs and Translating into Maori Bills affecting the Maoris—Karaitiana Takamoana—Commendations of Maori Members—Katene on Parliamentary Government—Native Land Bill—McLean, Sir W. Martin, and Mr. Fenton—Colonel Haultain on Acquisition of Maori Lands—Te Wheoro on the Working of the Land Courts—Sir W. Martin's Criminal Law Digest—Mr. Sewell's Praise of Mr. Mantell's Services—Committee on Native Affairs—Te Rangitake reconciled—Titokowaru allowed to return to his Home—Dr. Featherston sends out German and Scandinavian Emigrants — Emigrant and Colonists’ Aid Society—Public Thanksgiving Day on Recovery of Prince of Wales—Poihipi Tukeraingi at Taupo—The Governor assures him that the Queen will maintain inviolate the Treaty of Waitangi—The Governor cannot see Tawhiao—Gladstone and Kimberley Bill for Denaturalization—Ropata Wahawaha's Meeting—D. McLean's Tribute to him—Wi Tako Ngatata and Mokena Kohere Legislative Councillors—Vogel extols Provincial System—Mr. Vogel on Corruption—D. McLean's Speech on Maori Affairs—Fox Ministry turned out—McLean declines to take Office with Stafford—Stafford Ministry — Public Funeral of PatuoneTaiaroa's Committee on “Unfulfilled Promises” in Middle Island—Story of Tauroa's Captivity —Fox and Bell on Promises—Katene on the Rape of the Waitara—Want of Confidence Motion—Vogel's Statement as to the Intrigue page vi
which expelled the Weld Ministry—Stafford Ministry out-voted—Discussions as to Dissolution—Stafford resigns—Waterhouse Ministry—D. McLean's Native Councils Bill—McLean's Disclaimer of Responsibility for the War of 1860—Rangitikei—Manawatu Validating Bill—Railway Policy—Royalty on Gold—McLean's Policy as to dealing with confiscated Land sanctioned by Secretary of State—Mr. Water-house's Resignation—Governor Bowen's Departure—Statistics, 1867 to 1872—New Zealand University—Colleges—Pukekura Block—Death of T. Sullivan—Coroner's Inquest—Mr. Mackay and Mr. Mair report—Mr. Mackay at Te Kuiti—Rewi—Arrival of Governor Sir J. Fergusson—McLean's Policy acquiesced in—Maori Census, 1874—McLean's Native Lands Bill—Judges’ Tenure of Office— Native Reserves Bill—Dr. Pollen on Land Transactions—Ngatata in the Legislative Council—Mantell quotes a Speech by Dr. Pollen—McLean's Land Bill passed—Taiaroa on Middle Island Native Claims —Relations between the two Houses—Mr. Vogel's Manœuvres—Provincial Loans Bill thrown out by Legislative Council—Ancillary Bills thrown out—Mr. T. B. Gillies on Log-rolling—Australian Colonies Customs Duties Statute 1873—Dr. Featherston and Mr. Vogel—Emigration Commissioners and Mr. Vogel—Forest Waste in New Zealand—Annexation in the Pacific—New Zealand and Polynesian Company—Mr. Vogel and Mr. Phillips—Sir J. Fergusson on Educating the Children of the Chiefs—Donald McLean knighted.
CHAPTER XVIII. Pages 72141
1874 to 1877.
Assembly summoned, July, 1874—Report of Judges of Native Land Courts —Taiaroa moves for Committee on Unfulfilled Promises in Middle Island—Mr. Mackay's Report on the Ngaitahu Claims in Middle Island—Mr. Fitzherbert on Mr. Vogel's State Forests Bill—Mr. Vogel's Bill to Abolish the North Island Provinces—Mr. O'Rorke indignantly resigns Office—Major Atkinson succeeds him—Discussions in the House—Mr. Fox confesses his Conversion from Provincialism to Centralism—A Member's Reasons for changing his Opinion—Native Lands Act Amendment Bill passed—Advances for Provincial Public Works—Pastoral Tenancy under the Crown; Gibbon Wakefield's System—Sir F. D. Bell as Speaker—Public Works Bills—Sir J. Fergusson resigns, and Marquis of Normanby becomes Governor—Dr. Pollen head of Ministry—Sir G. Grey elected Member of Assembly—D. McLean meets Tawhiao—Death of Mohi TawhaiD. McLean's Land Purchases for the Government—Rangihiwinui—Moriori Race decaying—Maori Education—Parliament meets, July, 1875—Loan Negotiations in London—Statement of Purchases in Middle Island compiled by Mr. A. MackayTaiaroa and Carrington on the Unfulfilled Promises—McLean upon them—Heretaunga Block at Hawke's Bay—Piako Swamp Transaction—Ohaewae Church, and kindly Feelings—Bill to abolish Provinces—Struggles in the House—Taiaroa on the Suffrage—Bill to increase Number of Members—Dr. Featherston's Despatches in Answer to Vogel—Disqualification Act of 1870 inconvenient—Indemnity Act—Statistics of 1875—Pioneers ask for Grants of Land—Marquis of Normanby's Report on Abolition Bill—Dissolution, page vii
1875—Vogel not economical—Swainson—Annexation of Fiji—Inscription of Colonial Stock—Death of Dr. Featherston—McLean and Te Wheoro see Tawhiao—Uriwera Tribes join in selling Land—A Maori Election Case: Karitiana Takamoana—Assembly meets, June, 1876—Fitzherbert Speaker—Sale of Piako Swamp to T. Russell and others—Mr. Waterhouse on Elections and Promises—Financial Statement—Price of Land in Provincial Districts—Both Houses adjourn as a Mark of Respect to Dr. Featherston's Memory—Vogel on “The Necessities of Democratic Institutions”—Mr. Fitzherbert's Tribute of Respect for Dr. Featherston—Vacancy of the Office of Agent-General— Mr. Stout on Vogel's Speeches—Mr. Stout and Major Atkinson on Appointment to post of Agent-General—Major Atkinson's Ministry of a Fortnight—Mr. Reader Wood on the Appointment of an Agent-General—Sir Julius Vogel's Farewell to the House—Mr. Whitaker's Attorney-General's Bill—Civil List Bill—Taiaroa's Maori Representation Bill passed as Amended—Mr. Hall, Mr. Holmes, and Captain Fraser eulogise the Maori Members—Major Atkinson's Indemnity Bill for Members of Ministry—Major Atkinson reconstructs his Ministry—Counties Bill: Qualification of Voters, &c.—Financial Arrangements Bill—Advances to County Councils—Waste Lands Bill—Carlyle on the Functions of Governments—Sir G. Grey introduces Manhood Suffrage and Triennial Parliaments Bills—Sir G. Grey and Sir D. McLeanTaranaki Land-claims Bill—Mr. Carrington and Sartoris and Downe Claim—Mr. Waterhouse on the Taranaki Land-claims Bill—Land claims of Sartoris and Downe compounded (1877)—Prorogation of Parliament—Taxation in Prospect: Sir Henry Maine's Prophecy—Proof of Efficacy of Gibbon Wakefield's Land Sale Theory—Land Revenue of Canterbury—Death of Donald McLeanHawke's Bay (Heretaunga) Native Lands Alienation Commission—Devices to procure Signatures narrated—Assembly meets, July, 1877—Mr. Ormond's Charge against Sir G. Grey refuted—Mr. H. R. RussellSir G. Grey proposes an Acreage Tax on Land—Compact of 1856 Threatened—Education Bill—Mr. Whitaker's Native Land Court Bill—Mr. Whitaker's Wail—Debates on the Bill—Mr. Whitaker's Libel Action against an Editor.
CHAPTER XIX. Pages 142272
1877 TO 1881.
Mr. H. R. Russell's Action against the Waka Maori Newspaper—Mr. Rolleston on Sir J. Vogel—Mr. Stafford explains the manner in which the Provinces were abolished—Mr. Larnach carries a Vote of Want of Confidence in the Atkinson Ministry—Sir G. Grey forms a Ministry—Confused Voting in the House—Gisborne, Fox, Mr. Stout on Privilege and the Governor—Mr. Speaker Fitzherbert—Mr. O'Rorke—Points of Order—The Governor and the Ministry—He declines to grant a Dissolution—Secretaries of State support the Governor in his Views, which his Ministry differed from—Sir G. Grey's Effort to Strangle a Land Sales Bill passed by both Houses—The Governor declines to withhold his assent, and is supported by Sir M. Hicks-Beach, Secretary of State—Sir G. Grey's Contentions with the Governors—Sir G. Grey's Financial Arrangements Bill, 1877—Mr. page viii
Hall vainly contends against Breach of the “Compact of 1856” in the Crown Lands Sales Bill—Mr. Sheehan's Native Land Purchases Bill—Mr. Sheehan's Statement on Maori Questions—Maori Reserve at Dunedin: Vote of £5000—Sir J. Vogel's Agency—Public Works and Immigration Scheme—Colonial Burdens—Loans—Sir W. Fitzherbert's Warning—Privileges of Legislative Council—Payment of Members—Sir G. Grey's Harangues—Electoral Addresses—Mr. Stout and Mr. Ballance join Sir G. Grey's Ministry—Conviction of Moffatt for unlawfully Manufacturing Gunpowder—A Cloud at Parihaka—Donald McLean's sanctioned Arrangements for Settlement within confiscated Boundary at Waimate Plains, &c.—Mr. Parris's Description of Te WhitiTe Whiti's Settlement at Parihaka—Te Rangitake—Condition of the Maoris, 1877—Petition of nearly 1000 Maoris—Sir G. Grey and Sheehan offend Mr. C. O. Davis and others—Mr. Whitaker's Land Claims at Piako—Dr. Pollen in 1863, 1873, and 1877—Parliament meets July 1878—Immediate Survey of Waimate Plains announced by Governor—Obliquity of Sir G. Grey and Mr. Sheehan—Donald McLean's System of Management at Waimate Plains, &c.— “Takoha” there during Atkinson's Administration, and Bribes given to Titokowaru under assumed Names—Signing of Vouchers—Mr. Sheehan suspends the Survey—Mr. Ballance and Mr. Macandrew—Preliminary Meeting of Maoris at Kopua—Sir G. Grey sees Tawhiao at Hikurangi—Sir G. Grey, Sheehan, Wi Tako Ngatata and Rewi at Waitara—Mr. Sheehan sees Te Whiti and Titokowaru —Hiroki—Survey interrupted by Maoris—Sir W. Fox and Sir Dillon Bell's Report on the Forcing of a Road-line through Titokowaru's Cultivations—Sale of Land advertised without any Reserves of Maori Cultivations, &c.—Mr. Ballance—Mr. Mackay sent to visit Te Whiti; his Report—Mr. Sheehan declares the Country from White Cliffs to Waitotara “strewn with Unfulfilled Promises”—Sir G. Grey meets Tawhiao and the Tribes at Kopua—Narrative of the Meeting—Failure of Sir G. GreyMr. C. O. Davis—Mr. Sheehan's Account of the Failure—Rewi visits Auckland—Ploughing at Oakura—Sir G. Grey and Colonel Whitmore at Taranaki—An Auckland Newspaper confesses that after the Rape of the Waitara “we found we had been all wrong”—Te Whiti on the Ploughing—Arrests of the Ploughmen sanctioned by Sir G. GreyTaiaroa in Legislative Council—Resignation of Mr. Stout and Mr. Ballance—Sir Hercules Robinson Governor—Sir W. Fitzherbert Speaker in Council—Mr. O'Rorke Speaker in House—Fox carries Vote of Censure—Sir F. D. Bell on Confiscated Land and McLean's Pledges—Peace Preservation Bill, 1879, thrown out by Council—Sir F. D. Bell and Mr. Waterhouse upon it—Taiaroa and other Chiefs send out a Panui—Te Whiti stops the ploughing—General Election—Mr. Hall—The Governor and Sir G. Grey—Mr. Hall and Tomoana—Tomoana quits the Ministry—Members of the Hall Ministry—Hall adopts the wild Proposals of Grey—Sir G. Grey's Exultation—Secession of four Auckland Members from the Opposition—The Manner of it explained by two of the Seceders—Statement as to Native Affairs which made Tomoana resign—Tainui and Te Wheoro on “buying the Votes of Members”—Maori Members complimented in the House—Whitaker and Taiaroa on Maori Tenure—Sir F. D. Bell on Maori Representation—Confiscated Lands Inquiry and Maori Prisoners’ Trials Bill— Mr. Sheehan and Mr. Bryce on the Bill—Sir F. D. Bell declares page ix
that the Land in Question was “never confiscated” and that “none of the Promises to the Maoris had been kept”—Taiaroa and Mr. Mantell—Mr. Scotland and Ngatata's Cousin—Sir H. Robinson assents to the Bill—Close of Session, December, 1879—Ministerial Designs on Parihaka—Parihaka Prisoners sent to Dunedin and Hokitika—Sir W. Fox and Sir F. D. Bell Commissioners—Stipulation that pending Report of West Coast Commission, the status quo in the District should be maintained—Tawhai declines to serve on the Commission—Ministry send a large Armed Force into the District.— Te Whiti warns his People to abstain from Provocation—The Inquiry and Reports (March, July, and August) of the Commissioners—Their Recital of M'Lean's Arrangements within the Confiscation Bounds —Their Summary of the Result of those Arrangements (p. 225)— Their Tribute to Te Whiti's Character and Conduct—Their final Recommendations—Sir G. Grev and Sir W. Fox—Assembly convened. May, 1880—Maori Prisoners Bill, 1880—Debates upon it—Captain Russell on Te Whiti and the “Page of History”—Mr. Andrews on the Maoris—Division in the House—The Bill in the Council—Mr. Whitaker upon it—Passing the Bill'in the Council—Maori Prisoners’ Detention Bill passed—West Coast Settlement Bill—Rangikaheke at Parihaka—Mr. Bryce, Sir G. Grey, Mr. Pyke, and Mr. Macandrew on West Coast Settlement Bill—The Bill passed in both Houses— Taiaroa's Extrusion from the Legislative Council—Bills on Native Affairs, 1880—Te Wheoro on Native Land Sales Bill—Mr. Reader Wood on. Maori Attributes—Patetere Block—Trial of Election Petitions by Judges of Supreme Court—Payment of Members of Parliament—A Tack avoided—How the West Coast Settlement Bill was applied—Trial of Maoris for alleged unlawful Obstruction—Departure of Sir Hercules Robinson—Prendergast Administrator—Sir F. D. Bell, Agent-General in LondonSir W. Fox sole Commissioner at West Coast —Sale of Maori Lands at West Coast by Governmeut—Resignation tendered by Mr. Bryce—Arrival of Sir A. Gordon — Secretary of State calls for a Report on Disturbances—Mr. Bryce's Memorandum —Magna Charta and Habeas Corpus Act Insignificant—Mr. Partis and Te Whiti—Captain Knollys, A.D.C., visits Parihaka, and Reports —Resignation of Mr. Bryce—Mr. Rolleston Native Minister——Mr. Atkinson and Mr. Bryce—Report of West Coast Commissioners on McLean's Arrangement that Lands at West Coast, though “nominally confiscated,” are “unavailable for Settlement”—Sir A. Gordon's Report (26th Feb., 1881) on West Coast to Secretary of State—Mr. Hall's Deceptive Memorandum on the Subject—Mr. Hall asks Secretary of State to suppress (at present) the Governor's Report—Lord Kimberley agrees to suppress it “if possible”—The Lyttelton Times— Meeting of Assembly, June, 1881—Taiaroa again in the House—Te Wheoro on a Crown and Native Lands Rating Bill—Tawhai upon it— Tawhiao visits Waikato District—Major Mair, Wahanui—Mr. Rolleston's Thermal Springs Districts Bill—Representation Bill, 1881— Mr. Sheehan, Taiaroa—Mr. Swanson on the Treatment of the Maoris —Mr. Mantell on the Himatangi Block—West Coast Settlement Reserves Bill—£100,000 voted for Suppression of West Coast Maoris— A Class of Men who become “Villains by Necessity”—Mr. Gisborne in the House—Sir G. Grey—All Votes of Censure afterwards expunged. page x
CHAPTER XX. Pages 273353
1881 TO 1882.
Sir A. Gordon sails for Fiji—The Raid upon Parihaka—Rumours about Te Whiti and the Press—Mr. Rolleston at Parihaka—The Press on Mr. Rolleston—Mr. Hall and Major Atkinson—Lyttelton Times Correspondents—Mr. Rolleston and Te Whiti—The Lyttelton Times—Armed Men sent to the West CoastSir A. Gordon on the Way to New ZealandTe Whiti's October Meeting—His Speech—Comments upon it in the Press—Determination “to break up Parihaka”—The Ministry —Mr. Hall and the Governor's Private Secretary—Prendergast and the Private Secretary—Nocturnal Meeting of Executive Council, 19th Oct.—Sir A. Gordon arrives at Wellington in H.M.S. “Emerald”— Proclamation by Prendergast threatening Seizure of Lands—Mr. Rolleston's Resignation and Mr. Bryce's Acceptance of Office as Native Minister—Sir A. Gordon lands at Wellington, 20th Oct.—Comments in the Press—Mr. Rolleston's Statement, 24th Oct.—Sir A. Gordon's Comment upon Mr. Rolleston's Statement—Troops poured upon Parihaka—Lyttelton Times—Mr. Stout's Protest—Judge Gillies'Charge to a Grand Jury on the Law applicable at Parihaka—Lord Kimberley —Deceptive Telegram to London—Leading Article in the TimesTe Whiti and Mr. Bryce—Te Whiti in Face of Captivity—Civilians forbidden to approach Parihaka—The Native Minister on a White Horse—Reading the Riot Act—Te Whiti Kidnapped—Te Whiti deemed a Gentleman—Pillage of Maori Houses—Sacred House destroyed—The EcJio on Te WhitiLyttelton Times on Blundering and Plundering at Parihaka—Titokowaru in Prison—Judge Gillies’ Charge to a Grand Jury—Te Whiti before Petty Sessions—Mr. Parris on the Bench—Te Whiti sent to Gaol—Mr. Hamilton on drafting Women and Children—Stolen Ornaments—Ramaka, Kukapo, and Motu—Mr. Stout on Impartial History—Death of Te Rangitake—Mr. Rolleston, Mr. Stout, and the Bishep of Nelson—Mr. Stout on Mr. Rolleston— General Election—Sir A. Gordon and his Despatches—Satisfaction of Lord Kimberley as to Affairs at Parihaka—Tawhiao's Visit to Auckland—Wahanui, Hemera Rerehau, and Ngapora—Archdeacon Maunsell—Lyttelton Times—Wahanui, Tawhiao, and Mr. Hall—New Zealand Herald—Resignation of Mr. Hall—Mr. Whitaker forms a Ministry—Houses destroyed at Parihaka—Judge Gillies’ Charge to a Grand Jury at Taranaki (1st May)—Sir John Hall's Evidence as to the Proceedings at Parihaka—Maori Meeting at Whatiwhatihoe—Te Wheoro—Peace Preservation (or Attainder of Te Whiti) Bill—Debates in the House upon it—Taiaroa—Mr. Bracken—Indemnity Bill— Protests in the Legislative Council—Debates upon Unfulfilled Promises in Middle Island,—Himatangi Block—Tawhai carries Orakei Reserve Bill—Maori Population discussed—A Native Reserves Bill— Crown and Native Lands Rating Bill—Ngatata, Mr. Whitaker, and Mr. Scotland—Tomoana's Native Committees Empowering Bin—Defeated by Negotiations—Wetere te Rerenga and Mr. Bryce—Amnesty Bill—Sir A. Gordon's Resignation and Departure—Sir W. Jervois Governors—Mr. Scotland and the Amnesty Bill—Te Kooti shaken Hands with—Debate in Legislative Council on the Withdrawal of Maori Pensions—Col Whitmore on Ropata Wahawaha—Captain Fraser on adding a Dark Chapter to the History of New Zealand—Sir page xi
G. Grey on Wahawaha and Mr. Brycc—Reports of Sir W. Fox as sole Commissioner on the West CoastPaora Tuhaere, and Lord KimberleyNgapuhi Chiefs, Parore and others, present a Petition at the Colonial OfficeLord Kimberley's Reception of Them—Aborigines’ Protection Society—Lord Kimberley disingenuous—The Treaty of Waitangi, the Pledges to respect it, and Lord Kimberley's Abandonment of it— Extract from House of Commons Committee Report of 1837—Mr. Gladstone—Memorandum sent by Whitaker to Lord Kimberley as to the exceptionally favourable “Treatment extended to Maoris in New Zealand”—Lord Derby, as Secretary of State succeeding Lord Kimberley, acknowledges the Ministerial Memorandum.
CHAPTER XXI. Pages 354396
1883 TO 1894.
Tawhiao, Te Wheoro, Topia Turoa, and others present at Downing-street a Petition to the Queen—Their Reception by the Earl of Derby—Mr. Gorst—Mr. Gladstone “passes by on the other side”—Lord Derby's Despatch to New Zealand—Jejune Reply to it by the New Zealand Ministry—Lord Derby's final Despatch on the Subject—Mr. Gladstone in 1887 on Imperial Control in a Colony—Departure of Tawhiao and his Friends from England—Sir W. Fitzherbert's Testimony as to Maori Character—Effect of Mr. Gladstone's and Lord Kimberley's Conduct—Owhaoko Land Bill and Sir Robert Stout—Mr. Stevens on the “Middle Island Native Claims Question”—Mr. Stevens and Taiaroa—Unfulfilled Promises—The Bible in Exile—Sir John Hall on Public Opinion—Education in Public Schools—Atkinson and Sir G. Grey—Meeting of General Assembly, Aug., 1884—Sir W. Jervois, Governor—Ministerial Convulsions—Sir G. Grey's Activity—Wahamii heard at the Bar in each House—Sir R. Stout and a “Historical Occasion”—A Heke in the House—Federation discussed—Financial Position—Resignation of Atkinson in 1891—Mr. Ballance Head of a Ministry—Sir Henry Maine on Representative Government—Degradation of Electorates—The “Caucus” and its Works—Mr. W. H. Mallock and Mr. G. Brooks — Mr. Seddon — Tampering with the Constitution—Nominated Upper Houses—Duke of Newcastle's Rebuke of Sir J. Young — The Governor and Lord Ripon — Lord Ripon's Ineptitude—His “Stewardship”—The Judiciary of New Zealand— Appeal to Judicial Committee of Privy Council—Delegates in Parliament—So-called “Labour Members” placed in the Upper House— Deaths of Sir W. Fitzherbert, of Captain Fraser, of Sir Frederick Weld, of Sir F. Whitaker, of Sir Harry Atkinson, of Mr. Ballance, and Sir W. FoxDr. Grace's Eulogy in the Upper House on Wi Tako Ngatata—Death of Rewi—Death of William Swainson.