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Nineteenth Century New Zealand Artists: A Guide & Handbook

RICHMOND, James Crowe 1822–1898

RICHMOND, James Crowe 1822–1898

Leading New Zealand painter known mainly as a watercolourist. Born London where he studied art and trained as an engineer. Arrived New Zealand 1851 to settle in Taranaki, travelling out with the two Atkinsons, brothers of C. W. Richmond's wife. Henry Atkinson was to become Prime Minister of New Zealand. In 1854 Richmond returned to England with the intention of continuing his painting: married while he was there and returned to New Zealand 1857. He entered into politics, becoming Native Minister. Settled in Nelson and in 1865 he and his protégé the painter John Gully were major exhibitors at the NZ Ex Dunedin 1865. Richmond won the silver medal for an oil. In 1873, after the death of his wife, he went back again to Europe with his daughters; painted in Tyrol and Switzerland, and was employed on railway construction in Algeria, but in 1880 returned to New Zealand. In late 1860s and early 1870s was sending “quiet” watercolours to his dealer in Melbourne. Was one of the few southern painters to be asked by the Society of Artists, Auckland, to show at their first exhibition in 1871. Exhibited: OAS 1882–97; NZ Academy of Fine Arts, of which he was vice-president from 1889; NZ Industrial Ex Wtn 1882, 1885; Centennial Ex, Melbourne 1888–89; NZ and South Seas Ex Dunedin page 206 1889–90, winning a first prize. Work included in Centennial Ex Wtn 1940. Showed work at the Canterbury Ex 1870. Large collections of his work are in NAG, Hocken, Turnbull; represented also in many other public galleries in New Zealand.