Historical Records of New Zealand
Rules and Regulations for the Government of the Mission and Settlement formed by the Church of England Missionary Society at the Northern Island of New Zealand in the South Seas. Communicated by Rev. S. Marsden to Commissioner Bigge
Rules and Regulations for the Government of the Mission and Settlement formed by the Church of England Missionary Society at the Northern Island of New Zealand in the South Seas. Communicated by Rev. S. Marsden to Commissioner Bigge.
1st. The Society supplying every person permanently engaged in this mission, not only with certain fixed annual salaries and regular sufficient supplies of provisions, but also being engaged to support the widows and orphans of any and every person dying in the service of the mission. It is ordered that no person engaged in this mission shall be allowed upon any account or pretence whatever to acquire or to hold any private or individual property-real, landed, or personal-in New Zealand, distinct from or other than such as shall and may be granted by the Society, their Superintendent or Agent; neither shall any trade or traffic whatever be carried on with the natives of New Zealand or with any ship or person touching there, but only for the general account and benefit of the mission, all private and individual trade and traffic being prohibited.
2nd. That the labour and services of every person engaged in this mission shall be considered as belonging to and be entirely devoted to the general purposes of the mission, and that the produce of every person’s labour and services shall belong to the society, and be disposed of for the general use and benefit of the mission, as directed by the Superintendent. And every person shall do and perform whatever the Superintendent shall direct, according to the nature of his particular office, trade, and calling, and shall render an account thereof to the Superintendent from time to time, as he shall require.
3rd. That a sufficient number of dwellinghouses shall be erected as soon as it conveniently can be done for each person permanently engaged in the mission, and a sufficient quantity of land for a garden, yard, &c., allotted to each house; that every page 456 family shall have a dwellinghouse, and be allowed to cultivate the allotment of land attached thereto for their private individual benefit, but to have no right whatever to the use of either house or garden land any longer than they shall continue faithfully in the service of the mission, and obedient to the regulations thereof, according to the judgement of the Superintendent.
4th. That all property of every description, either raised at the settlement, procured from the natives, and in every other way and manner whatever, shall be deposited in the mission store house, and from thence distributed to the persons engaged in the mission according to their wants, or otherwise disposed of to the best advantage for account of the mission; and that all supplies for the mission shall be also deposited in the mission store house, and from thence distributed in the same manner as above mentioned.
5th. That rations of provisions according to the following scale shall be weekly issued from the mission store by the store-keeper, to be appointed by the Superintendent, viz.: For every man, 8 Ibs. flour, 5 lbs. salt pork or 7 lbs. fresh meat. 1 lb. sugar, 2 oz. tea, and 1/4lb. of soap; for every woman, 6lbs. flour, 4lbs. salt pork or 6 lbs. fresh meat, 1 lb. sugar, 2 oz. tea, 1/4lb. soap; and for every child, 4 lbs. flour, 2 lbs. salt pork or 3 lbs. fresh meat, 1/2 lb. sugar, 1 oz. tea, 2 oz. soap—per week respectively, or so much of other provisions as shall be equivalent thereto: the Superintendent to be at liberty to increase the ration if he shall find it necessary and prudent so to do: and all medical attention and medicine shall be supplied as well and sufficiently as means and circumstances will allow.
6th. For the preservation of peace, order, and good will, it is ordered that all disputes and differences between any person and persons engaged in or attached to this mission shall be examined and enquired into and determined by the Superintendent, whose decision shall be binding and conclusive on the parties, allowing an appeal to the Agent at New South Wales, or the Committee in England, to any party finding himself aggrieved by such decision.
7th. That the Superintendent shall once a month, or oftener if he shall think fit, convene a meeting of the men permanently engaged in this mission, with whom he shall consult and advise upon all matters of importance in any wise concerning or affecting the mission.
8th. That the Reverend John Butler, Superintendent of the mission appointed by the Committee of the Society, shall superintend, direct, order, and manage all and every matter and thing whatsoever and of every kind, nature, and degree belonging to, affecting, or concerning the mission at New Zealand; that all and every person engaged in and attached to the mission shall page 457 be subject to and obey all his orders and directions according to their several offices, trades, and calling, and shall account to him for all their labour and time, and all matters entrusted to them shall receive orders from him, and make returns to him always in important matters, reserving the right of appeal as before mentioned to any party feeling themselves aggrieved.
9th. That if the Superintendent shall at any time judge that the conduct of any person or persons engaged in or attached to this mission is unfaithfully and disobedient to the rules and regulations of the mission, and injurious and contrary or opposed to the great object and purposes of the mission, he, the Superintendent, shall thereupon convene a special meeting of the men permanently engaged in the mission, excepting the person or persons accused, to enquire into and decide upon the matter or accusation, and if two thirds of the members of the meeting are of opinion the person so accused ought to be suspended from the mission the Superintendent may suspend the party or partys accused until the decision of the Agent at New South Wales or Committee in England be made known thereupon, provided always that the charge or accusation be reduced to writing, as well as the opinion or decision of the said meeting, and an opportunity be given to the party accused to make his defence, the whole proceeding to be forwarded to the Agent at New South Wales and the Committee in London.
10th. That the Superintendent shall keep a regular journal of all the transactions of the Society and its several members, including himself, a copy of which shall be forwarded quarterly to the Agent at New South Wales and the Committee in London.