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The King Country; or, Explorations in New Zealand. A Narrative of 600 Miles of Travel through Maoriland.

Shrubs, Flowers, and Plants

Shrubs, Flowers, and Plants.

  • Anata.—A buttercup.
  • Hanea.—A cress.
  • Harakeke.—Phormium tenax. A New Zealand flax; flowers dark red; leaves long, drooping and narrow; the seeds may be used as a substitute for coffee; the root is employed by the natives as a purgative and worm medicine; the gum is applied to wounds and sores; the fibre of the leaf is used for rope-making and the manufacture of paper. Common throughout the interior in swampy places; growth from 4 to 8 feet.
  • Heruna.—Polygonum adpressum.
  • Kaikaiatua.—Rabdothamnus solandri. A plant.
  • Kokota.—Epilobium minuta. A small willow-herb.
  • Korikori.—A species of ranunculus.
  • Koromiko.—Veronica salcifolia. A common shrub, with lilac or white flowers, lanceolate leaves; frequent all over interior; grows luxuriantly around southern and western region of Lake Taupo. page 355A decoction of the leaves is valuable in dysentery. The foliage is eaten readily by cattle.
  • Koropuku.—A plant with a red berry, common in the vicinity of Tongariro.
  • Koru.—A blue and white flower.
  • Kotukutuku.—Fuchsia excorticata. A spreading tree-like shrub, leaves ovate lanceolate; bears a purple berry, yields a dye of the same colour; met with in all parts of interior.
  • Kowhitiwhiti.—Watercress.
  • Kalakuta.—A white flower.
  • Manuka.—Leptospermum ericoides. A tree-like shrub, widely distributed all over interior; finest specimens met with in the Geyser Valley, Wairakei.
  • Mataroa.—A flax-plant.
  • Matuakumara.—A plant.
  • Nahui.—Alternanthera denticulata.
  • Nene.—Dracophyllum latifolium.
  • Outatoranga.—Pimelia arenaria.
  • Panahi.—Convolvulus.
  • Panara.—Taupo primrose.
  • Papataniwhaniwha.—Lagenopliora Forsteri. A plant like a daisy.
  • Pototara.—Cyothodes oxydrus.—A plant with a small white fragrant flower, found growing on Rangipo table-land.

    Piripiri whata.—Carpodetus serratus.

  • Poipapa.—Chenopodium triandrum.
  • Poroporo.—An edible nightshade with a white flower.
  • Puatea.—A yellow daisy.
  • Puwha.—Sonchus oleraceus. Sowthistle, much used by the natives as a vegetable.
  • Rengarenga.—Andhropodium cirrhatum. A lily.
  • Rongotainui.—A flax used fox cordage and fishing-lines.
  • Taihinu.—A white flower found at Taupo.
  • Taretu.—A plant with blue berries.
  • Tataramoa.—Rubus australis. A climbing bramble, armed with prickles, branches pendulous, leaves coriaceous; berry, red or amber-coloured; known to the colonists as the "bush lawyer;" found in all the forests of the interior; most frequent in Valley of Whanganui.
  • Tikupenga.—Cordyline stricta.
  • Titirangi.—Veronica sjpeciosa.
  • Totaratara.—A small shrub with a white flower.page 356
  • Tupapa.—Lagenophora Forsteri. Native daisy.
  • Tutu.—Coriaria ruscifolia. A frequent shrub with glossy leaves and pendulous clusters of purple fruit, the seeds of which are poisonous as well as the foliage; produces a black dye.
  • Waewaekaka.—Gleichenia hecystophylla.
  • Wharangi.—Melicope ternata. A broad-leaved, poisonous shrub, very common in the forests of the Whanganui and Western Taupo.