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The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 15, Issue 2 (May 1, 1940.)

Hand Tools on Virgin Land

Hand Tools on Virgin Land.

The others followed. They built their first homes—rough wooden shelters page 31 roofed with nikau or raupo. They had no plough, but with the few hand tools that the average man now uses in his neat garden, they cleared, dug and sowed. Each family ground its own flour till there was a mill.

They came to the stage of producing beyond their own requirements and they wanted what they could not grow or fashion themselves. Isolated on land by lack of roads, they again turned their hands to shipbuilding and manning the ships they built, they sailed and traded with Auckland.

Norman McLeod was still their pastor. In four lands for approximately sixty years he had led his flock, and had practically the same congregation all the time. He was their pastor till he lay down his earthly burden in 1866, aged 86. Never had he had a stipend or fee from his people; he had his own farm, and they helped him work it. He helped them, too.