The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 12, Issue 9 (December 1, 1937.)
European Train Ferries
European Train Ferries.
From time to time suggestions have been considered for the operation of train-ferries between England and Ireland, but for the present these appear to have been shelved. A great many train-ferries are included in the European transportation machine, and there are three ferries linking Britain with the continent. There is the Dover-Dunkirk passenger ferry, with a sea-crossing of 44½ miles; and the Hard-wich-Zeebrugge and Folkestone-Dunkirk freight ferries, with sea-crossings of 115 and 52½ miles respectively. The longest passenger train-ferry in Europe is that between Sassnitz and Trelleborg, connecting Germany with Sweden. This covers 66½ miles, the sea-crossing of the Baltic occupying about four hours. Denmark operates a greater number of train-ferries than any other European land, there being ten important railway ferries on the Danish State Railway system. In association with the Swedish State Railways, the Danish lines also maintain a vital ferry link between Copenhagen and Malmo, a distance of about 18 miles. In the extreme south of Europe there are two important train ferries operated by the Italian State Railways, and crossing the Straits of Messina to give connection with the Island of Sicily. These are respectively nine and five miles in length.