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The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 9, Issue 1 (April 2, 1934.)

Transport in the 'Eighties

Transport in the 'Eighties

Browsing the other day in an old library, the writer came across a New Zealand Year Book of the ‘eighties, and certainly it brought out in striking contrast the condition of those far off days with the present. The shipping arrangements were of especial interest, comparing the liners that now enter the port of Auckland.

The “Chief Cabin” passengers were informed that they must fit up their own cabins, while the “Second and Other” passengers have their berths built for them, but require to find their own bedding and any little extra things they may think they require. They must also provide knives, forks, etc., and saucepans, cups, mugs, 41b. of marine soap—(a hook teapot to hang on the bars of the stove was regarded as very handy)—cannisters to hold a week's small stores and half a week's rations. Note: The ship provides a steward for second cabin passengers. Then for cooking purposes, there was a public stove on deck for the above classes, and passengers could, if they so desired, prepare their own favourite dishes.

The instructions for embarkation were many and varied. “Cabin” passengers were informed that they may get on board at Gravesend, by small boats, for about one shilling each, the “other” passengers were advised to board at the docks. “We,” goes on the instructions, “would caution them, too, when in London, to be on their guard against any strangers who may kindly offer to assist them in any little matter; for sometimes there are even decent looking men prowling round the docks and dock streets whose room is better than their company.”

A good deal of space is devoted to the outfit needed for New Zealand.

And in another part it says: “A want of means to reach this El Dorado is a much more serious matter, but a steerage passage for the better classes of society is a wholesome preparation for colonial life; it is eminently destructive of self-conceit, generates self-denial and consideration for others, makes men and women less selfish, because more mutually dependent, and is a fine preparatory lesson for life in the colonies.”

Plantation Profits.

Anyone travelling through N.Z. at present and seeing the large number of pine plantations now being milled cannot fail to appreciate the potential value of the large pine forests established by N.Z. Perpetual Forests Ltd.

Sawmillers are finding that it costs less, and is much more profitable to mill plantations instead of natural forests, which are now mostly inaccessible.

The importation of foreign boxing timber has dropped considerably and the milling of Insignis Plantations has been responsible for this.

Very satisfactory returns are being received for trees planted without any thought of profit.*

“Tobacco absolutely free from nicotine?” writes Mr. Eugene Orme, an analytical chemist of note. “No, I'm afraid it's as hopeless to look for that as it is to discover the philosopher's stone or elixer of life. The nearest approach to tobacco of such purity–and it is a near approach—is made in New Zealand. I know, because when I was there for the big game fishing a year or two ago I found that ‘the tobacco of the country,’ as the Maori-landers call it, contains surprisingly little nicotine. The manufacturers toast it (having installed special machinery for the purpose), with the result that so much of the nicotine is eliminated that what remains is negligible. Both flavour and bouquet are delightful. No wonder this tobacco finds so much favour with smokers in ‘the Britain of the South.’ “Thus the testimony in favour of New Zealand toasted tobacco is always growing! The four brands are: Navy Cut No. 3 (Bulldog), Riverhead Gold, Cavendish, and Cut Plug No. 10 (Bulls-head). Smoke them as freely as you will, they are harmless-because they're toasted.*

Shibli Listens In-Continued.

About four years ago a Wellington bookshop discovered several copies of the first edition of the same work stowed away on a book shelf. These were sold at the published price!

Since Ken Alexander commenced his series of humorous talks over the wireless there have been renewed inquiries for his “High Lights of Life.”

Big sales are predicted for “The Magic Story,” recently published by the Australian Book Publishing Co. A remarkable little book.

In the two days book sale of rare New Zealand, Australian and South African books (on account of Mr. W. J. Mc-Eldowney) recently held in Wellington, one of the items was No. 2 of the New Zealand Artists' Annual (1927).

I have received the first number of a monthly journal entitled “The Student's Digest.” It is a small paper containing informative notes on current affairs, and is to circulate through the higher standards of the primary schools and through the secondary schools. Certainly this little journal will be of great interest and help to young students, dealing as it does in a clear and forceful manner with current world problems. The Minister for Education (the Honourable R. Masters) in his foreword to the news-sheet, expresses the hope that the boys and girls of the Dominion may find the perusal of its pages both interesting and profitable, and that it may aid in the fostering among New Zealanders of a more intelligent interest in world affairs. The annual subscription to the paper is 1/6.

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