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The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Canterbury Provincial District]


Studholme is an important junction on the main line of railway from Christchurch to Dunedin. The north and south express trains meet at this point, which for the time presents a busy appearance. The station is 106 miles from Dunedin, and 124 from Christchurch, and stands at an elevation of thirty-two feet above the level of the sea. It is also the junction of the Waimate-Waihao Downs branch line. Studholme is in the Deep Creek riding of the Waimate county, and the population is set down in the census returns of 1901 at 138. Besides a railway station and post office combined, Studholme has a hotel, a general store, a blacksmith's shop, a saddler's shop, a large grain store, and a creamery. The educational needs of the district are met by the Hannaton public school, about a mile distant, and at that point there is also a small Methodist church known as Nukuroa church. Studholme was named in compliment to the Messrs Studholme, who were prosperous and public-spirited pioneers in that part of South Canterbury. The land in the district is devoted to farming, and is of the best quality.

The Studholme Junction Railway Station And Post Office was established about 1879, and is on the main south line of railway between Christchurch and Dunedin, at the point of intersection by the Waimate branch. Nine trains pass through the station daily, and the post and telegraph office is combined with railway work. The building is of wood and iron and contains five rooms, including waiting rooms. There are grain and wool sheds, and a double passenger platform at the station. Studholme is also a water station; two wells of forty-four and fifty feet respectively have been sunk, and a two-and-a-half horse-power engine is employed to pump the water to supply the tanks, which have a capacity of 20,000 gallons. The staff consists of a stationmaster, cadet and porter, one ganger and three platelayers.

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Mr. Isaac William Turner, who acts as Stationmaster and Postmaster at Studholme, was born in 1868, at Lyttelton, and was educated at the borough school. He joined the Railway Department as a cadet at Lyttelton in March, 1883, and held every position up to that of stationmaster, at various places on the Auckland and Canterbury sections before taking up his duties at Studhohlme in October, 1900. As a Freemason Mr. Turner is a Past Master of Methven Lodge, No. 51, New Zealand Constitution. He was married, in 1891, to a daughter of Mr. Robert Hawarth, engineer of the Islington Freezing Works, and has one daughter.

Hayman, John, Architect, Studholme. Mr. Hayman was born on the 24th of December, 1862, on the ship “Ivanhoe,” on her voyage to Melbourne, and was educated at Cust and Willowby, in Canterbury, New Zealand. He was brought up to country life at Ashburton, and was for some time afterwards in partnership with a brother. Having disposed of his interest, he became a Home Missionary in connection with the Methodist church. Subsequently he was connected with the Ashburton saleyards, and while so engaged he began to study as an architect. Mr. Hayman then settled at Studholme, to practise his profession. He has designed and supervised the erection of various buildings in the district. Mr. Hayman was married in 1892, to a daughter of Mr. B. Low, of Willowbridge, and has three sons.

The Studholme Creamery was opened on the 26th of December, 1901. It is the property of the North Otago Dairy Company, Limited, and is built of wood and iron. The plant consists of a six-horse power engine and boilder and an Alpha Laval separator, capable of working 440 gallons of milk per hour. Owing to the large increase of milk the company had the creamery altered in the month of June, 1903, and fitted up with a pasteurizer, a skim milk machine, and all the latest machinery. In July, 1903, there were about forty-two suppliers, and during the season the manager, Mr. W. H. Black, put through 1200 gallons of milk daily.