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Land Tenure in the Cook Islands

Part One: Theory and Comparative Studies

Part One: Theory and Comparative Studies

1. Land tenure theory and general

Binns, Bernard O., The Consolidation of Fragmented Agricultural Holdings, Rome 1950.

Cadastral Surveys and Records of Rights in Land, Rome 1953.

Black, John D. (Ed.), Research in Agricultural Land Tenure - Scope and Method New York 1933.

Clauson, Gerard, Communal Land Tenure Rome 1953.

Colonial Office, An Annotated Bibliography on Land Tenure in the British and British Protected Territories in South East Asia and the Pacific London 1952.

Conklin, Harold C., ‘An Ethnoecological Approach to Shifting Agriculture’, Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences (second series) 17:133–42.

Cooper, J.M., ‘The Concept of Land Tenure in World Culture’, Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences 11:220–3.

Dietze, C. von, ‘Land Tenure and the Social Control of the Use of Land’, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of Agricultural Economists 1938, London 1939, 118–39.

Digby, Margaret, Co-operatives and Land Use Rome 1957.

Dowson, Ernest and Sheppard, V.L.O., Land Registration London 1956.

Farm Foundation, Agricultural Land Tenure Research Chicago 1955.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bibliography on Land Tenure Rome 1955.

page 351

Gooch, Donald W., World Land Reform Washington 1951.

Harris, Marshall, ‘Objectives of Land Tenure Policy’, Caribbean Land Tenure Symposium, Trinidad 1947, 30–48.

Harris, M. and Ackerman, J. (eds.), Agrarian Reform and Moral Responsibility New York 1949.

Holmes, Ian A., ‘The Legal Recognition of Native Land Rights’, South Pacific 7:666–74.

Jacoby, Erich H., Inter-Relationship Between Agrarian Reform and Agricultural Development Rome 1953.

Leake, H. Martin, Land Tenure and Agricultural Production in the Tropics Cambridge 1927.

Liversage, V., Land Tenure in the Colonies Cambridge 1945.

Meek, C.K., Land Law and Custom in the Colonies (second edition) London 1949.

‘A Note on Primitive Systems of Land Holding and on Methods of Investigation’, JAA 3:9–13.

Parsons, Kenneth H., ‘Land Reform in the Postwar Era’, Land Economics 33:213–27.

‘Basic Elements in the World Land Tenure Problems’, Journal of Farm Economics 38:430–7.

The Owner Cultivator in a Progressive Agriculture, Rome 1958.

Parsons, Kenneth H., Penn, Raymond J., and Raup, Phillip M. (eds), Land Tenure, Madison 1956.

Senior, Clarence, Land Reform and Democracy Gainesville, Florida 1958.

Simpson, S. Rowton, ‘Land Tenure: Some Explanations and Definitions’, JAA 6:50–64.

Spiegel, H.W., Land tenure Policies at Home and Abroad Chapel Hill, North Carolina 1941.

Taylor, H.C., ‘Land Tenure and the Social Control of the Use of Land’, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of Agricultural Economists 1938, London 1939, 140–95.

Thelwell, Arthur, ‘Comparison of Leasehold and Freehold Systems of Land Tenure’, Caribbean Land Tenure Symposium, Trinidad 1947, 59–71.

United Nations Organization, Indigenous Land Tenure and Economic Change New York 1958.

Land Reform, New York 1951.

Progress in Land Reform, New York 1954.

(Trusteeship Council), Suggested Outline for Land Study, cyclostyled, New York 1951.

page 352

United Nations Organization (Trusteeship Council), Sundry Papers relating to land tenure in Trust territories issued by the Committee on Rural Economic Development, cyclostyled, New York.

2. Selected studies of specific tenure situations

Fisher, John L., ‘Native Land Tenure in the Truk District’, cyclostyled, Truk 1950.

Murphy, Raymond E., ‘Landownership on a Micronesian Atoll’, The Geographical Review 38:598–614.

Tobin, J.E., Land Tenure in the Marshall Islands Washington 1952.

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands - Staff Anthropologist, Land Tenure Patterns - Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Guam 1958.


Africa Instituut Leiden, Land Tenure Symposium Leiden 1951.

Allan W. and others, Landholding and Land Usage among the Plateau Tonga London 1948.

page 353

Colonial Office, ‘Report of the Conference on African Land Tenure in East and Central Africa’, JAA October 1956 (special supplement).

Gluckman, Max, ‘Studies in African Land Tenure’, African Studies 3:14–21.

Essays on Lozi Land and Royal Property, Livingstone 1943.

Gulliver, P.H., Land Tenure and Social Change Among the Nyakyusa London 1959.

Mair, L.P., Studies in Applied Anthropology, London 1957. (Chapter 5: ‘Modern developments in African land tenure’.)

Mansfield, C.B., ‘Farming Systems and Land Tenure’, JAA October 1952 (special supplement).

Mukwaya, A.B., Land Tenure in Buganda - Present Day Tendencies Nairobi 1953.

Sheddick, Vernon, Land Tenure in Basutoland London 1954.

Simpson, S. Rowton, ‘Land Law and Registration in the SudanSouth Pacific 8:30–5.

3. Land tenure in Polynesia and Fiji
Polynesia generally

Alexander, W.D., ‘Ancient Systems of Land Tenure in Polynesia’ (being a series of 3 articles), The Friend April, May and June 1888.

Barrau, J., Polynesian and Micronesian Subsistence Agriculture Noumea 1956.

Peren, G.S., Agriculture of Samoa, Cook Islands, and Fiji Palmerston, North N.Z. 1947.

South Pacific Commission, ‘Land Tenure‘ typescript, Noumea, n.d.

South Pacific Conference, ‘Problems Resulting from the impact of Participation in Economic Development with Reference to Land Tenure and the Growing of Permanent Crops‘ cyclostyled, South Pacific Commission, Noumea 1958.

New Zealand

Belshaw, Horace, ‘Land Tenure in New Zealand’, Far Eastern Survey 15:115–19.

Land Tenure and the Problem of Tenurial Reform in New Zealand, Wellington 1949.

Firth, Raymond, Economics of the New Zealand Maori Wellington 1959.

Frazer, Roger M., ‘Maori Land and Maori Population in the Far North’, NZG 14:19–31.

Hunn, J.K., Report on Department of Maori Affairs Wellington 1961.

Kawharu, I.H., ‘Maori Land Tenure in the Nineteenth Century’, B. Litt. thesis, Oxford 1957.

Ngata, Apirana T., Native Land Development Wellington 1946.

Smith, Norman, Maori Land Law Wellington 1960.

page 355

Stace, C.J., ‘Maori Lands - Title Improvement’, typescript, Wellington 1959.

Taylor, L.A., ‘Maoris and the Tenure of their Lands’, Juridical Review 41:50–9.

Various, Opinions of Various Authorities on Native Tenure, Wellington 1890.


Chinen, Jon J., The Great Mahele - Hawaii's Land Division of 1848 Honolulu 1958.

Coulter, J.W., Population and Utilization of Land and Sea in Hawaii 1853 Honolulu 1931.

Earle, F.M., ‘Land Ownership in Hawaii and its influence on the Local Ecology’, Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Year book 9:32–3.

Hawaii Lands Commissioners, ‘Principles Adopted by the Board of Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles’, Revised Laws of Hawaii 1925 3:2120–52.

Hobbs, Jean, Hawaii, A Pageant of the Soil California 1935.

French Oceania

Danielsson, Bengt, Work and Life on Raroia Stockholm 1955.

Handy, E.S. Craighill, The Native Culture in the Marquesas Honolulu 1923.

Henry, Teuira, Ancient Tahiti Honolulu 1928.

Newbury, Colin, ‘The Administration of French Oceania 1842–1906’, Ph.D. thesis, ANU 1956.

Te Rangi Hiroa, Ethnology of Mangareva Honolulu 1938.


Gifford, E.W., Tongan Society Honolulu 1929.

Mouat, L.S. and Davis E.J., ‘Engineering Experiences in the South Seas 1906–1910’, Transactions of the Northern Engineering Institute of New South Wales 1913:60–79. (Deals primarily with the initial land survey of Tonga.)

page 356

Nayacakalou, R.R., ‘Land Tenure and Social Organization in Tonga’, JPS 68:93–114.

Other Polynesia

Eason, W.J.E., A Short History of Rotuma, Suva, Fiji 1951 (pages 70–105 deal with land matters).

McEwen, J.M., ‘Report on Land Tenure in Niue’, typescript, Wellington 1958.

MacGregor, Gordon, Ethnology of the Tokelau Islands Honolulu 1937.

Central Archives of Fiji and the Western Pacific High Commission, ‘Records of the Land Titles Commission, Rotuma, 1882–3‘ cyclostyled, Suva 1961.

Firth, Raymond, Primitive Polynesian Economy London 1939.

Kennedy, D.G., ‘Land Tenure in the Ellice Islands’, JPS 64:348–58.


Coulter, J.W., ‘Land Utilization by Fijians and East Indians in Fiji’, Proceedings of the Sixth Pacific Science Congress 4:29–37.

Foster, T.E., ‘History and Development of Land Tenure in Fiji’, The Fiji Times, 22, 23 and 27 September 1958.

Prasad, Shew, ‘A Landholding Co-operative Society’, South Pacific Bulletin 11 (no.2):65–6.

Quain, Buell, Fijian Village Chicago 1948.

Roth, G.K., Fijian Way of Life Melbourne 1953.

Ward, R. Gerard, ‘Village Agriculture in Viti Levu, Fiji’, NZG 16:33–56.