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A History of the Birds of New Zealand.

Eudyptes Chrysolophus. — (The Macaroni Penguin.)

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Eudyptes Chrysolophus.
(The Macaroni Penguin.)

  • Eudyptes chrysolophus, Brandt, Bull. Acad. Sc. Pét. ii. p. 314 (1837).

  • Eudyptes chrysocome, Abbott, Ibis, 1860, p. 337 (nec Forst.).

  • Eudyptes chrysolophus, Sclater, Ibis, 1860, pp. 338, 432.

  • Eudyptes diadematus, Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1860, p. 419.

  • Eudyptes chrysolophus, Scl. & Salv. Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 654*.

Ad. suprà nigricans cinereo lavatus, alis cinereo nigricantibus, margine alari summâ vix albicante, margine remigiali medialiter albo: caudâ rigidâ, dorso concolore: facie laterali gulâque dorso concoloribus: pilei plumis nitidis nigris elongatis cristam formantibus, frontis plumis basaliter aurantiacis: fasciâ superciliari cristali a loris supra oculum per latera capitis ductâ: corpore reliquo subtùs purè albo, pectoris lateribus dorso concoloribus: alâ subtùs albâ, margine alari nigricante, plagâ nigricante etiam propè ortum alæ et ad apicem remigialem positâ: rostro rufescenti-brunneo: pedibus albicanti-carneis, unguibus nigricantibus.

Adult. Forehead and crown blue-black; across the vertex an inconspicuous band of yellow, the base of each feather being of that colour and the apical portion bluish black; over the eyes the yellow increases and develops into a supraorbital crest of extremely narrow feathers of bright canary-yellow, about an inch and a half in length; nape, hind neck, and general upper surface bluish black, each feather having a median stripe of dark blue; sides of face, throat, and upper part of fore neck bluish grey, becoming paler downwards, and terminating in a tapering projection, both flanks of which as well as all the underparts of the body are pure white; under surface of flippers white, with a band of slaty black along the exterior edge, and a mark of the same colour near the tip. Bill dark reddish brown; feet paler brown (probably flesh-colour in the fresh bird); claws pale brown. Total length (approximately) 26 inches; length of flipper 7·75; bill, along the ridge 2·5, along the edge of lower mandible 2·75; maximum depth of bill 1; tail too much broken for reliable measurement; tarsus 1·50; middle toe and claw 3·25 (the claw being 1).

Obs. The extent of the crest and the richness of its colouring vary in different individuals. In most examples I have seen from other localities there is a small white patch over the tail; but this is absent in the two New-Zealand specimens mentioned below.

Note. Eudyptes chrysolophus was first included in the New-Zealand avifauna by Dr. Otto Finsch, who did so, with some hesitation, on the authority of a label in the Leyden Museum.

Of this fine Penguin I have seen only two examples in New Zealand. One of these is in the Otago Museum, having been obtained somewhere on the east coast; the other was caught in a fishing-net at the Spit, near Napier, in the summer of 1880–81. It was brought ashore alive, and having afterwards died was very successfully mounted by the local taxidermist, Mr. Hooper. I believe it is now in the possession of Messrs. Nelson Brothers of Tomoana.

* “On comparison of the Kerguelen specimens of this Penguin with others from the Falklands we find no reason for considering them otherwise than of the same species. There is, however, less appearance of the white upper tail-coverts in the Falklands specimen.” (Scl. & Salv. Voy. Chall., Zool. Birds, p. 127.)