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Ethnology of Manihiki and Rakahanga

Plate 9. Paddles and Hooks

Plate 9. Paddles and Hooks.

A. Paddles (hoe) 1, front view of paddle (C. 2924) showing typical blade with shoulder angles and long point: total lenght 65 inches; blade lenght 31:25 inches; greatest blade with, 5.1 inches; greates width to handle jucnction, 4.5 inches; length of rib on back, 7.5 inches; 2, side view paddle (C. 1444) showing handle rib on back of upper part of blade, projection on back of point, and longitudinal point concavity: total length, 67–25 inches; blade length, 30.6 inches; greatest blade width, 5.4 inches; greatest width to handle junction, 5.2 inches; length of rib on back, 5.8 inches. 3, front view of paddle (C. 1446) showing pearl shell inaly of disces triangles: total lenght, 62.25 inches; blade lenght, 24.75 inches; greatest blade width, 5.15 inches; greatest width to handle junction, 3 inches; length of rib on back, 7.25 inches. 4, back view of paddle (6104) showing pearl-shell discs inlaid on handle rib: total lenght, 66 inches; blade length, 32.5 inches; greatest blade width, 4.8 inches; greatest width to handle junction, 9.1 inches; length of rib on back, 7.4 inches. 5, paddle probably erroneously attributed to Manihiki: total length, 68.5 inches; length of blade, 25.25 inches; greatest blade width, 9.6 inches; distance of greatest width from bottom, 4.5 inches; handle surmounted by flattened knob 2.1 inches wide and 1.1 inches thick; handle averages 1.5 inches in width and 1.4 inches in thickess and widens out to 2.8 inches at shoulders below, diminishes to 1.2 inches in thickness; blade, 2.3 inches wide at handle junction and 0.75 inch thick at side edges; blade diminishes in thickness in middle line from 1.2 inches at handle junction to 0.3 inch near lower end; side edges diminish in thickness from 0.75 inch at junction to average of 0.3 inch.

B.Pearl-shell hooks: 1, one-piece wide U-shaped hook (tope) (C. 2841) (fig. 83, a); 2, one-piece narrower U-shaped hook (matau riokio) (C.2844) (fig. 83, b); 3, one-piece circular hook (roma) (C.2843) (fig. 83, c); 4, bonito hook, back view, showing two lashings of point, width hackle secured by turns of second distal lashing; 5, bonito hook, side view, showin form of point with proximal projection and two holes for lashings to shank, snood loop passing around base of point, characteristic shape of shank head, hole and head lashing to snood, snood slack between point and head; 6, bonito hook, front view, showing snood passing along mesial line in front of shank, hackle removed on left side (figs. 8688).

C. Ruvettus hooks: 1, small hook (C. 2806) with pearl-shell point and wide bend, snood of three-ply braid (fig. 80); 2, large hook (C. 2805) with page 238 wooden point and sharp bend, attached to three-ply twisted line of coconut fiber (fig. 77).