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Ethnology of Manihiki and Rakahanga

Plate 7. Canoes and Bailer

Plate 7. Canoes and Bailer

A. Modern outrigger canoe of sawn planks, both ends pointed: two outrigger booms with float on left, right ends projecting beyond gunwale; indirect connection by means of two staves between booms and floats; bow and stern pieces to which ends of planks are nailed project above bow and stern covers; canoe small for one man, who is holding flying fish net.

B. Large modern plank outrigger canoe to seat two or more men: outriggerfloat turned to right for convenience in photographing; upward-projecting modern bow and stern posts; man in stern holds bamboo bonito rod and faces astern to illustrate method of bonito fishing.

C. Double canoe model (B.3475): three triangular sails and masts go with model; bows and stern reversed in the two canoes; elaborate inlay with pearl shell; lauhala bulwarks; lenght, 36 inches; width between outside gunwales, 9 inches; depth from ground level, bow, 8 inches and stern, 8.25 inches.

D. Bailer (C.3022): lenght, 10.5 inches; front width, 5.3 inches; back width, 5.9 inches; side depth in front, 3.5 inches; side depth at back, 4.3 inches; mesial back depth, 6 inches; thickness, 0.15 inch in front, increasing toward back to 0.5 inch; back meets bottom and sides at sharp angles and is 1.1 inches thick; handle projects forward from upper part of back in mesial line and is 6.9 inches long, 1.3 inches wide, and 1.7 inches thick.