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Explorers of the Pacific: European and American Discoveries in Polynesia



The Russians, though they came so late into the south Pacific, passed through the Tuamotu Archipelago along courses not previously followed, with the result that their names are associated with a number of first discoveries. Kotzebue on his first voyage found Romanzoff (Tikei), the Rurick chain page 80(Arutua), and Krusenstern (Tikahau). The only new discovery in Krusentern's expedition was the small island near the Hawaiian Islands discovered by Lisiansky and named after him. Bellingshausen, emerging from the bitter cold of his Antarctic explorations, sailed an even less explored route, along which he discovered no less than eleven new islands. Kotzebue, on his second expedition, recognized Aratika as the Carlshof of Roggeveen and preserved that name. He checked on his previous discoveries and made the new discovery of Fakahina, or Akaina, which he named Predpriatie after his ship. Hagenmeister is credited with the discovery of Apataki in 1830.

In addition to the above islands, Lazarev discovered Suvorov Island in the northern Cook Islands, Bellingshausen discovered Vostok, and Kotzebue discovered Motu-one in the Society Islands and named it Bellingshausen Island.

French Voyages of the Nineteenth Century
Date Leader Ship Islands Visited
1816-1819 Roquefeuil Bordelais Marquesas, Hawaii
1817-1820 Freycinet Uranie Hawaii, Rose, Pylstaart
1822-1825 Duperry Coquille Tuamotu, Society, Tonga, New Zealand
1826-1829 Dumont d'Urville Astrolabe New Zealand, Tonga
1826-1829 Duhaut-Cilly Hérbs Hawaii
1828-1834 Moerenhout Volador (and others) Easter, Mangareva, Tuamotu, Society, Austral
1836-1839 Du Petit-Thouars Venus Hawaii, Easter, Marquesas, Tuamotu, Society, New Zealand
1837-1840 Dumont d'Urville Astrolabe Mangareva, Tuamotu, Marquesas, Society, Samoa, Tonga, New Zealand
1837-1840 Jacqumot Zélée Mangareva, Tuamotu, Marquesas, Society, Samoa, Tonga, New Zealand