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White Wings Vol II. Founding Of The Provinces And Old-Time Shipping. Passenger Ships From 1840 To 1885


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Lord Auckland, 600 tons, Captain Jardine, sailed from London, arrived 10th February. Passengers, 155.

Brougham, Captain Robertson, arrived 6th March from London. Sailed through the French Pass. Sailed for New Plymouth, arriving 28th March. The French Pass was given its name when Captain Dumont D'Urville (a Frenchman) sailed through on the 24th January, 1827, in his ship Astrolabe,

Bolton, Captain Robinson, from London, arrived 15th March. Passengers, 354.

Martha Ridgeway, Captain Webb, from Liverpool, arrived 2nd April.

Clifford, Captain Stapp, from London, arrived 11th May, with a large number of saloon and steerage passengers.

Sir Charles Forbes, 363 tons, Captain Bacon, from London, arrived 22nd August. This vessel made the passage in 96 days and brought out 187 passengers, including Mr. A. Domett.

Thomas Harrison, 370 tons, Captain T. Harrison, from London, 25th May, arrived 25th October, after a long and tedious voyage. Passengers, 187.

Olympia, 500 tons, Captain Whyte, from London, arrived 25th October. Passengers, 138.

New Zealand, 445 tons, Captain Worth, from London, arrived 4th November. Passengers, 137.

George Fyfe, 460 tons, Captain Pyke, from London, arrived 12th December.

Bombay, 400 tons, Captain Moore, sailed 1st August, arrived 14th December, after a tedious passage of 135 days. Passengers, 165.

Prince of Wales, 582 tons, Captain Alexander, from London, arrived 22nd December. Passengers, 203.


Indus, 420 tons, Captain McKenzie, sailed 1st October, 1842, arrived 5th February.

Phoebe, 471 tons, Captain Dale, sailed 15th November, 1842, arrived 29th March. This was the first vessel bringing immigrants at a reduced rate.

St. Paul, sailed 14th January, arrived 14th June, 148 days from Hamburg. The Nelson "Examiner" reporting the ship's arrival, said: "The St. Paul, with German immigrants, left Hamburg on 14th January, but put into Bahia, where she remained three weeks. Notwithstanding the prolonged passage and the destructive disease (smallpox) making itspage 229 appearance three weeks after sailing, only four deaths occurred among children. A salute was fired from the shore when the vessel entered the harbour.


Himalaya, 477 tons, Captain Burns, from London, via New Plymouth, arrived 10th January.

Tuscan, 300 tons, from London, arrived 17th May. Put into Hobart to land the captain, who died there.

Skiold, from Hamburg, arrived 1st September, with 140 German immigrants. The "Examiner," announcing her arrival, said: "It is a gratifying circumstance connected with the expedition that all the labourers will be employed by the cabin passengers, and in order to provide for the first year, the latter wisely put on board provisions for consumption after arrival."


Louisa Campbell, 350 tons, Captain Darby, from London, arrived 9th July. The vessel put into St. Jago to repair damage sustained during a gale in the Bay of Biscay.

Nelson, 153 tons, sailed from London 15th August, arrived 15th December.

The Captain brought papers containing London comments on the destruction of Kororareka, which had caused a considerable sensation. The barque Enmore which was ready to sail for New Zealand, was immediately taken off the berth, as intending passengers refused to proceed and merchants were too much alarmed to ship goods to the Colony.


Mary Catherine, 385 tons, Captain Howlett, sailed from London 27th September, 1845, arrived 24th January.

Ralph Bernal, 400 tons, Captain McLaren, sailed from Plymouth 2nd January, arrived via Cape of Good Hope, 10th June.


Ralph Bernal, 400 tons, Catpain McLaren, sailed from the Downs 23rd July, arrived 3rd December. The following year this barque, when bound from Sydney to London, put into Nelson to repair damage caused during a series of gales of the worst description, shortly after leaving Sydney; she was leaking badly. The "Examiner" said: "The Ralf Bernal will proceed direct from Nelson to England, consequently there will be no postage charged on letters.

Bernicia, 548 tons, Captain Arnold, from London, via Taranaki, arrived 5th November. Captain Arnold was formerly in command of the Fifeshire, the first immigrant ship to Nelson, which was wrecked on leaving the harbour.


Bernicia, 548 tons, Captain Arnold, sailed from Gravesend 7th July, via New Plymouth, arrived 5th November.

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Ajax, 750 tons, Captain Young, from London, via Otago and Wellington, arrived 9th March.

Cornwall, 600 tons, Captain Dawson, from London, via Taranaki, arrived 25th August.

Kelso, 500 tons, Captain Innes, from London, via Taranaki, 109 days to Nelson.


Berkshire, 582 tons, Captain Whyte, from London, arrived 30th January. On entering the harbour the vessel ran on to the Arrow Reef, but was floated off the following tide.

Poictiers, 500 tons, Captain Beale, from London, via Taranaki, arrived 11th July.

Eden, 600 tons, from London, via Taranaki, arrived 6th October.


Cornelia, 400 tons, Captain Meikleburgh, sailed from London 12th November, 1850, arrived 18th March. The unusually long voyage for this vessel was mainly due to unfavourable weather encountered in the Channel, where she was delayed five weeks.

Thames, 500 tons, Captain Hedley, from London, via Auckland and Wellington, arrived 9th October.

Lady Nugent, 668 tons, Captain Parsons, from London, via Lyttelton, arrived 23rd October.

Columbus, 467 tons, Captain Holton, sailed from London 2nd July, called at Cape of Good Hope, arrived 7th October.

Midlothian, 414 tons, Captain Gibson, from London via Lyttelton, arrived 7th November.


Persia, 800 tons, Captain Broadfoot, from London, arrived 24th July, after a very long passage. The ship called at Hobart for water and provisions and was six weeks making the passage from the latter port. The Gwalior, which left London in January for Auckland, also made a lengthy voyage of 205 days.


Royal Albert, 662 tons, Captain Norris, from London, via Wellington, arrived 18th May.

Cornwall, 580 tons, Captain Dawson, from London, arrived 19th September.

Mahtoree, 500 tons, Captain Cowan, sailed 15th July, arrived 28th November.

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Duke of Portland, 502 tons, sailed from Plymouth 9th November, 1853, arrived 7th February after a fine passage of 88 days. She ran from the Lizard to the Line in 22 days, passed the Cape on the 27th December, and made New Zealand coast on the 31st January, 82 days from Plymouth. This was the record passage to Nelson at that date.

Lady Ebrington, 500 tone, Captain Harris, from London, via Wellington, arrived 26th February.


John Phillips, 500 tons, Captain Smithers, from London, arrived 5th May.

Sir Allan Mcnab, 840 tons, Captain Cherry, from London, arrived 8th August. This ship brought the machinery for starting the Dun Mountain Copper Mine, and 24 miners.

Queen Margaret, 555 tons, Captain Spence, from London, arrived 18th October, 116 days out.


Emma Colvin, 560 tons, Captain Nicholson, sailed from London 9th March, arrived 23rd June. Passengers, 172.

John Masterman, 1000 tons, Captain M'Ruvie, from London, arrived 8th February, 104 days out. Passengers, 140.


Westminster, 731 tons, Captain Westgarth, from London, via Lyttelton, arrived 6th March.

Palmyra, 706 tons, Captain Tierney, from London, via Otago, arrived 26th March.

Sebastian, 364 tons, Captain Begg, from London, arrived 20th May. Passengers, 25. The passage occupied 93 days land to land. During a gale, when the vessel was in the Bay of Biscay, one of the crew was swept overboard and drowned. Two other sailors were drowned before the conclusion of the voyage. They were sitting on a staging making some repairs to the ship's stern, when the staging carried away, throwing the men into the water.

Camilla, Captain McDonald, sailed from London 12th January, via Hobart, arrived 19th June. Soon after leaving England the passengers complained of the provisions supplied them and against their general treatment. Their water allowance was cut short, and salt pork and mouldy biscuits were their staple articles of food. When their water supply was almost exhausted a providential fall of rain brought relief. Scurvy broke out on board, and in the absence of any medical comforts, there was no relief for the sufferers. Consequently the barque put into Hobart for provisions and medicine, on 4th June. A change of captains was made there.

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Chieftain, 382 tons, Captain McLean, from London, arrived 19th October. The vessel made a long passage of 147 days. The first officer got drunk during the voyage and besides refusing lawful commands, assaulted the Captain. He was put in the lock-up until arrival.


Lady Alice, 519 tons, Captain Smith, from London, arrived 14th January.

Midlothian, 393 tons, Captain Grant, sailed from London 17th October, 1858, arrived 29th January. Passengers, 34.

Ashburton, ship, sailed from London 12th August, arrived 6th December. Passengers, 40.


Anne Longton, 697 tons, Captain Mundle, from London, arrived 26th June. Passengers 80.

John Phillips, 341 tons, Captain Thomas, from London, arrived 20th September, with passengers, after a long passage of five months.

Bride, 546 tons, Captain McDonald, from London, arrived 9th November, after a 127 days passage, with 42 passengers.


Glenshee, 319 tons, Captain Buick, from London, arrived 2nd August. This vessel brought out the Nelson Lighthouse; she had a stormy passage of 151 days—was delayed in the Channel by contrary winds for 24 days. Throughout the passage she experienced much stormy weather, on one occasion was struck by lightning.

Sir George Pollock, 571 tons, Captain Frost, sailed from London 3rd May, arrived 31st August. Passengers, 79.

Gladiator, 503 tons, Captain Lorie, arrived 25th October, 105 days from Gravesend.


Ravenscraig, 581 tons, Captain Inglis, sailed from London 29th October, arrived 23rd March. Passengers, 68. This vessel left Gravesend 29th October and then proceeded as far as Beachy Head, but was then compelled through stress of weather to put back to the Downs, where about 200 vessels were held up. After three attempts she at last reached Plymouth where she took on board provisions, sailing again on 1st December.

Ardencraig, 505 tons, Captain Page, from London, arrived 2nd May.

Edward Thornhill, 520 tons, Captain Reynolds, from London, arrived 2nd October, after a tedious passage of 120 days. During a squall the first officer, Mr. Harry, fell overboard and was drowned. Passengers, 72.

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Electra, 606 tons, Captain Woodgate, from London, arrived 30th March, 110 days from, the Downs. An apprentice, West, was lost during a gale on the night of 26th February while on watch on forecastle. A male passenger was also drowned; he was skylarking by hanging to the fore top brace on the night of 1st January, fell overboard, and was drowned. Details of other voyages made by this ship are published in Vol. I, "White Wings."

Delaware, brigantine, 240 tons, Captain Baldwin, from London 10th April, arrived 9th August. Nova Scotian built craft for the inter-colonial trade.

Bard of Avon, 750 tons, Captain Penny, sailed from London 26th April, arrived 19th August. Passengers, 130.

Magna Bona, 1000 tons, Captain Tyson, sailed from London 29th July, arrived 21st November. Passengers, 55. A baby boy born en route was christened Magna Bona Bradshaw.


Anne Dymes, Captain Knight, from London, arrived 2nd March. Passengers, 53. The vessel was detained in Bay of Biscay for three weeks—a long voyage of 140 days.

Statesman, from London, bound for Auckland; put into Nelson on 26th April (on 120th day out) for water. Passengers, 100.

Violet, 496 tons, Captain Wiseman, from London, arrived 5th July. Passengers, 89.

Anne Longton, 643 tons, Captain Harling, sailed from London 9th July, arrived 3rd November. Passengers, 54.


Ravenscraig, 581 tons, Captain Inglis, from London, arrived 30th January. Passengers, 25.

Magna Bona, from London, arrived 21st March. Passengers, 60.

Eudora, from London, arrived 16th August, 116 days from Gravesend. Passengers, 26.


Dreadnought, Captain Smith, sailed from London 21st March, arrived 7th August. Brought a number of steerage passengers. This vessel made a protracted passage of 169 days, owing mainly to a succession of heavy gales.

Lord Clyde, Captain Murphy, sailed from London 26th May, arrived 8th September. Passengers, 25.


Malay, Captain Peters, sailed from London 31st December, 1866, arrived 13th April.

Cissy, Captain Spencer, sailed from London 8th June, arrived 26th September. Passengers, 123.

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Algernon, from London 12th February, arrived 2nd June. Passengers, 16.


Malay, sailed from London 22nd October, 1868, arrived 14th February.


Challenger, 670 tons, Captain Lovell, from London 25th June, arrived 1st October. Passengers, 26.


No Ships.


No Ships.


Malay, 328 tons, Captain Todd, sailed from London 17th June, arrived 13th October.


No Ships.


Michael Angelo, 1174 tons, from London, arrived 22nd January. Passengers, 260.

Hannibal, 1191 tons, Captain Brown, sailed from London 9th March, arrived 9th June. Passengers, 213.

Dunmore, 497 tone, Captain Hastings, sailed from London 26th January, arrived 30th June.


Caroline, 984 tons, Captain Turnbull from Plymouth 12th October, 1875, arrived 14th January. Immigrants, 319.


Northampton, 1100 tons, Captain Clare, from London, arrived 4th April. Immigrants, 336. Passage occupied 104 days.


Gainsborough, 974 tons, Captain Carter, sailed from London 23rd October, arrived 28th February. Passengers, 232.


No Ships.


Eastminster, 1145 tons, Captain Mosey, from London, arrived 15th January. Landed 300 immigrants and sailed for Wellington the following day.

1881, 1882, 1883—No Ships.